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Blumer, Lawrence S.; Beck, Christopher W. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Past studies on the differential effects of active learning based on students' prior preparation and knowledge have been mixed. The purpose of the present study was to ask whether students with different levels of prior preparation responded differently to laboratory courses in which a guided-inquiry module was implemented. In the first study, we…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Science Instruction, Abstract Reasoning, Laboratory Experiments
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Couch, Brian A.; Wright, Christian D.; Freeman, Scott; Knight, Jennifer K.; Semsar, Katharine; Smith, Michelle K.; Summers, Mindi M.; Zheng, Yi; Crowe, Alison J.; Brownell, Sara E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
The "Vision and Change" report provides a nationally agreed upon framework of core concepts that undergraduate biology students should master by graduation. While identifying these concepts was an important first step, departments also need ways to measure the extent to which students understand these concepts. Here, we present the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, Majors (Students), Biology
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Shortlidge, Erin E.; Rain-Griffith, Liz; Shelby, Chloe; Shusterman, Gwendolyn P.; Barbera, Jack – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Embedding active learning is a common mechanism for meeting science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education reform goals. Researchers have identified student benefits from such strategies, yet these benefits may not be universal for all students. We sought to identify how students at a nontraditional university perceive…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Science Instruction, Active Learning, Biology
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Gauthier, Andrea; Jantzen, Stuart; McGill, Gaël; Jenkinson, Jodie – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
This paper discusses the results of two experiments assessing undergraduate students' beliefs about the random nature of molecular environments. Experiment 1 involved the implementation of a pilot adaptive assessment (n = 773) and focus group discussions with undergraduate students enrolled in first- through third-year biology courses; experiment…
Descriptors: Molecular Biology, Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Misconceptions
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Zukswert, Jenna M.; Barker, Megan K.; McDonnell, Lisa – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
The excessive "jargon" load in biology may be a hurdle for developing conceptual understanding as well as achieving core competencies such as scientific literacy and communication. Little work has been done to characterize student understanding of biology-specific jargon. To address this issue, we aimed to determine the types of biology…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Literacy, Jargon, Biology
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Lee, Star W. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
There has been little attention given to teaching beliefs of graduate teaching assistants (GTAs), even though they represent the primary teaching workforce for undergraduate students in discussion and laboratory sections at many research universities. Secondary school education studies have shown that teaching beliefs are malleable and can be…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Teaching Assistants, Graduate Students, Student Attitudes
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Tennial, Rachel E.; Solomon, Erin D.; Hammonds-Odie, Latanya; McDowell, Gary S.; Moore, Michael; Roca, Alberto I.; Marcette, Jana – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
The Inclusive Environments and Metrics in Biology Education and Research (iEMBER) network is a newly forming national community of practice that engages diversity, equity, and inclusion stakeholders in interdisciplinary collaborative projects. iEMBER was initiated with incubator funding from the National Science Foundation program for Research…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Communities of Practice, Science Education, Biology
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Wilson, Marenda A.; Odem, Max A.; Walters, Taylor; DePass, Anthony L.; Bean, Andrew J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Graduate schools around the United States are working to improve access to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in a manner that reflects local and national demographics. The admissions process has been the focus of examination, as it is a potential bottleneck for entry into STEM. Standardized tests are widely used as part of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, College Admission, Holistic Approach
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Gavassa, Sat; Benabentos, Rocio; Kravec, Marcy; Collins, Timothy; Eddy, Sarah – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Hybrid and online courses are gaining attention as alternatives to traditional face-to-face classes. In addition to the pedagogical flexibility afforded by alternative formats, these courses also appeal to campuses aiming to maximize classroom space. The literature, however, reports conflicting results regarding the effect of hybrid and online…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Large Group Instruction, Hispanic American Students, Academic Achievement
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Erdmann, Robert M.; Stains, Marilyne – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Classroom observation protocols can provide an exceedingly rich form of data. However, this is a double-edged sword, as researchers often struggle to take full advantage of the detailed data outputs. In this essay, we introduce a new approach to the analysis of classroom observation data, termed "classroom as genome" (CAG). We illustrate…
Descriptors: Genetics, Science Instruction, Biology, Educational Researchers
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Knekta, Eva; Runyon, Christopher; Eddy, Sarah – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Across all sciences, the quality of measurements is important. Survey measurements are only appropriate for use when researchers have validity evidence within their particular context. Yet, this step is frequently skipped or is not reported in educational research. This article briefly reviews the aspects of validity that researchers should…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Surveys, Data Collection, Research Methodology
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Lo, Stanley M.; Gardner, Grant E.; Reid, Joshua; Napoleon-Fanis, Velta; Carroll, Penny; Smith, Emily; Sato, Brian K. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Biology education research (BER) is a growing field, as evidenced by the increasing number of publications in "CBE--Life Sciences Education" ("LSE") and expanding participation at the Society for the Advancement of Biology Education Research (SABER) annual meetings. To facilitate an introspective and reflective discussion on…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Education, Educational Research, Undergraduate Study
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Kirkpatrick, Catherine; Schuchardt, Anita; Baltz, Daniel; Cotner, Sehoya – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) have the potential to improve undergraduate biology education by involving large numbers of students in research. CUREs can take a variety of forms with different affordances and constraints, complicating the evaluation of design features that might contribute to successful outcomes. In this…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Biology, Science Education, Comparative Analysis
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Henry, Meredith A.; Shorter, Shayla; Charkoudian, Louise; Heemstra, Jennifer M.; Corwin, Lisa A. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Navigating scientific challenges, persevering through difficulties, and coping with failure are considered hallmarks of a successful scientist. However, relatively few studies investigate how undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) students develop these skills and dispositions or how instructors can facilitate this…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Difficulty Level, Coping
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Daniels, Heather A.; Grineski, Sara E.; Collins, Timothy W.; Frederick, Angela H. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
Gender disparities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are well documented, yet little is known about how women and men students establish social relationships with research mentors and peers and how that shapes their experiences in STEM. We conducted a series of interviews with 17 undergraduate students from a Hispanic…
Descriptors: Mentors, Peer Relationship, Gender Differences, STEM Education
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