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Gouvea, Julia Svoboda – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Inspired by the biology education research community's collective reading of Kendi's "How to Be an Antiracist," I draw together recent articles related to "achievement gaps"--a construct identified by Kendi as perpetuating racist ideas. At the same time, I recognize that, for many in science, technology, engineering, and…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Racial Discrimination, Achievement Gap, STEM Education
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Hawkins, Whitney; Goddard, Kate; Favero, Carlita – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Students must master content for success in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), but "how to" is rarely taught in college. Faculty are reluctant to sacrifice class time, believe such instruction is remedial, or assume students possess or will attain these skills independently. To determine whether explicit…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Freshmen, Study Skills, Study Habits
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Sellami, Nadia; Toven-Lindsey, Brit; Levis-Fitzgerald, Marc; Barber, Paul H.; Hasson, Tama – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Low persistence in science majors and limited participation in high-impact research experiences contribute to the nationwide underrepresentation of minorities in the science workforce, particularly jobs requiring a graduate degree. The Program for Excellence in Education and Research in the Sciences (PEERS) is an academic support program at the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Academic Persistence, Majors (Students), Disproportionate Representation
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Barnes, M. Elizabeth; Maas, Samantha A.; Roberts, Julie A.; Brownell, Sara E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Recent research has begun to explore the experiences of Christian undergraduates and faculty in biology to illuminate reasons for their underrepresentation. In this study, we focused on the experiences of graduate students and explored Christianity as a concealable stigmatized identity (CSI) in the biology community. We constructed interview…
Descriptors: Christianity, Identification (Psychology), Social Bias, Biology
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Smith, Cody R.; Delgado, Cesar – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Graduate teaching assistants (TAs) are often responsible for teaching introductory courses to undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics students. The TAs are usually novices at teaching, and an important factor in their resilience and persistence in the face of inevitable challenges is self-efficacy. Little is known about…
Descriptors: Models, Graduate Students, Teaching Assistants, Self Efficacy
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Denaro, Kameryn; Sato, Brian; Harlow, Ashley; Aebersold, Andrea; Verma, Mayank – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
The Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM (COPUS) provides descriptive feedback to instructors by capturing student and instructor behaviors occurring in the classroom. Due to the increasing prevalence of COPUS data collection, it is important to recognize how researchers determine whether groups of courses or instructors have…
Descriptors: Multivariate Analysis, Classroom Observation Techniques, Undergraduate Students, Student Behavior
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CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Abstract biological processes that occur at the submicroscopic level, such as osmosis and diffusion, are inherently difficult for many students to conceptualize when traditional learning and teaching methods are used. This study introduced an immersive 320° three-dimensional (3D) experience of osmosis in which students became engaged with the…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education, Multiple Choice Tests
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Hood, S.; Barrickman, N.; Djerdjian, N.; Farr, M.; Magner, S.; Roychowdhury, H.; Gerrits, R.; Lawford, H.; Ott, B.; Ross, K.; Paige, O.; Stowe, S.; Jensen, M.; Hull, K. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Although active learning improves student outcomes in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs, it may provoke anxiety in some students. We examined whether two psychological variables, social anxiety (psychological distress relating to the fear of negative evaluation by others) and academic self-efficacy (confidence in…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Stress Variables, Academic Achievement, Self Efficacy
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Lane, A. Kelly; Meaders, Clara L.; Shuman, J. Kenny; Stetzer, MacKenzie R.; Vinson, Erin L.; Couch, Brian A.; Smith, Michelle K.; Stains, Marilyne – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Student impressions formed during the first day of class can impact course satisfaction and performance. Despite its potential importance, little is known about how instructors format the first day of class. Here, we report on observations of the first day of class in 23 introductory science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) courses. We…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Introductory Courses, STEM Education, Student Attitudes
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Hsu, Jeremy L.; Goldsmith, Gregory R. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
While student stress and anxiety are frequently cited as having negative effects on students' academic performance, the role that instructors can play in mitigating these challenges is often underappreciated. We provide summaries of different evidence-based strategies, ranging from changes in instructional strategies to specific classroom…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Stress Variables, Stress Management, Anxiety
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Goodwin, Emma C.; Anokhin, Vladimir; Gray, MacKenzie J.; Zajic, Daniel E.; Podrabsky, Jason E.; Shortlidge, Erin E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) and inquiry-based curricula both expose students to the scientific process. CUREs additionally engage students in novel and scientifically relevant research, with the intention of providing an "authentic" research experience. However, we have little understanding of which course…
Descriptors: Student Experience, Student Research, Introductory Courses, Biology
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Cooper, Katelyn M.; Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Tanner, Kimberly D. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
A key tenet of the nature of science is that "knowledge, although reliable and durable, is never absolute or certain" and is subject to change with the accrual of new bodies of evidence (Lederman "et al." 2002). Similarly, pedagogical choices grounded in scientific teaching would also be expected to be modified, refined, and…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Cooperative Learning, Active Learning, Instructional Effectiveness
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Booth, Christine S.; Song, Changsoo; Howell, Michelle E.; Rasquinha, Achilles; Saska, Aleš; Helikar, Resa; Sikich, Sharmin M.; Couch, Brian A.; van Dijk, Karin; Roston, Rebecca L.; Helikar, Tomáš – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Understanding metabolic function requires knowledge of the dynamics, interdependence, and regulation of metabolic networks. However, multiple professional societies have recognized that most undergraduate biochemistry students acquire only a surface-level understanding of metabolism. We hypothesized that guiding students through interactive…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, College Science, Undergraduate Study, Metabolism
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Pfund, Christine; Branchaw, Janet L.; McDaniels, Melissa; Byars-Winston, Angela; Lee, Steven P.; Birren, Bruce – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
Maintaining your research team's productivity during the COVID-19 era can be a challenge. Developing new strategies to mentor your research trainees in remote work environments will not only support research productivity and progress toward degree, but also help to keep your mentees' academic and research careers on track. We describe a three-step…
Descriptors: Mentors, Student Research, Distance Education, Interpersonal Relationship
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Weatherton, Maryrose; Schussler, Elisabeth E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
A central focus in science education is to foster the success of students who identify as Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC). However, representation and achievement gaps relative to the majority still exist for minoritized students at all levels of science education and beyond. We suggest that majority groups defining the definitions…
Descriptors: Science Education, Literature Reviews, Success, Academic Achievement
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