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Richardson, Ken; Clark, Zaramasina; Gaines, Michael; Kingi, Hautahi; Miller, Sonja; Pearson, Willie, Jr.; Richardson, Liz – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Maori and Pacific students generally do not attain the same levels of tertiary success as New Zealanders of European descent, particularly in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subjects. Te Ropu Awhina (Awhina), an equity initiative at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand between 1999 and 2015, aimed to produce…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Pacific Islanders, Ethnic Groups, STEM Education
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Estrada, Mica; Hernandez, Paul R.; Schultz, P. Wesley – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans are historically underrepresented minorities (URMs) among science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degree earners. Viewed from a perspective of social influence, this pattern suggests that URMs do not integrate into the STEM academic community at the same rate as non-URM students.…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Mentors, STEM Education, Disproportionate Representation
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Wright, L. Kate; Cardenas, Jordan J.; Liang, Phyllis; Newman, Dina L. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
In this article, we begin to unpack the phenomenon of representational competence by exploring how arrow symbols are used in introductory biology textbook figures. Out of 1214 figures in an introductory biology textbook, 632 (52%) of them contained arrows that were used to represent many different concepts or processes. Analysis of these figures…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Introductory Courses, Textbooks
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Kohn, Kathryn P.; Underwood, Sonia M.; Cooper, Melanie M. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Despite the number of university students who take courses in multiple science disciplines, little is known about how they connect concepts between disciplines. Energy is a concept that underlies all scientific phenomena and, as such, provides an appropriate context in which to investigate student connections and misconnections across disciplines.…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Biology, Science Instruction, Energy
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Wilson, Kristy J.; Brickman, Peggy; Brame, Cynthia J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty are increasingly incorporating both formal and informal group work in their courses. Implementing group work can be improved by an understanding of the extensive body of educational research studies on this topic. This essay describes an online, evidence-based teaching guide published by…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Group Activities, Biological Sciences, Evidence Based Practice
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Owens, Melinda T.; Trujillo, Gloriana; Seidel, Shannon B.; Harrison, Colin D.; Farrar, Katherine M.; Benton, Hilary P.; Blair, J. R.; Boyer, Katharyn E.; Breckler, Jennifer L.; Burrus, Laura W.; Byrd, Dana T.; Caporale, Natalia; Carpenter, Edward J.; Chan, Yee-Hung M.; Chen, Joseph C.; Chen, Lily; Chen, Linda H.; Chu, Diana S.; Cochlan, William P.; Crook, Robyn J.; Crow, Karen D.; de la Torre, José R.; Denetclaw, Wilfred F.; Dowdy, Lynne M.; Franklin, Darleen; Fuse, Megumi; Goldman, Michael A.; Govindan, Brinda; Green, Michael; Harris, Holly E.; He, Zheng-Hui; Ingalls, Stephen B.; Ingmire, Peter; Johnson, Amber R. B.; Knight, Jonathan D.; LeBuhn, Gretchen; Light, Terrye L.; Low, Candace; Lund, Lance; Márquez-Magaña, Leticia M.; Miller-Sims, Vanessa C.; Moffatt, Christopher A.; Murdock, Heather; Nusse, Gloria L.; Parker, V. Thomas; Pasion, Sally G.; Patterson, Robert; Pennings, Pleuni S.; Ramirez, Julio C.; Ramirez, Robert M.; Riggs, Blake; Rohlfs, Rori V.; Romeo, Joseph M.; Rothman, Barry S.; Roy, Scott W.; Russo-Tait, Tatiane; Sehgal, Ravinder N. M.; Simonin, Kevin A.; Spicer, Greg S.; Stillman, Jonathon H.; Swei, Andrea; Timpe, Leslie C.; Vredenburg, Vance T.; Weinstein, Steven L.; Zink, Andrew G.; Kelley, Loretta A.; Domingo, Carmen R.; Tanner, Kimberly D. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Many efforts to improve science teaching in higher education focus on a few faculty members at an institution at a time, with limited published evidence on attempts to engage faculty across entire departments. We created a long-term, department-wide collaborative professional development program, Biology Faculty Explorations in Scientific Teaching…
Descriptors: Biology, College Science, Science Instruction, Faculty Development
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Walcott, Rebecca L.; Corso, Phaedra S.; Rodenbusch, Stacia E.; Dolan, Erin L. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Institutions and administrators regularly have to make difficult choices about how best to invest resources to serve students. Yet economic evaluation, or the systematic analysis of the relationship between costs and outcomes of a program or policy, is relatively uncommon in higher education. This type of evaluation can be an important tool for…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, College Freshmen, Undergraduate Study, Resource Allocation
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Jeffery, Kathleen A.; Pelaez, Nancy; Anderson, Trevor R. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
To keep biochemistry instruction current and relevant, it is crucial to expose students to cutting-edge scientific research and how experts reason about processes governed by thermodynamics and kinetics such as protein folding and dynamics. This study focuses on how experts explain their research into this topic with the intention of informing…
Descriptors: Biochemistry, Science Instruction, Scientific Research, Thermodynamics
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Reeves, Todd D.; Hake, Laura E.; Chen, Xinnian; Frederick, Jennifer; Rudenga, Kristin; Ludlow, Larry H.; O'Connor, Clare M. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) play important instructional roles in introductory science courses, yet they often have little training in pedagogy. The most common form of teaching professional development (PD) for GTAs is a presemester workshop held at the course, department, or college level. In this study, we compare the effectiveness of…
Descriptors: Teaching Assistants, Graduate Students, Faculty Development, Introductory Courses
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Wernecke, Ulrike; Schütte, Kerstin; Schwanewedel, Julia; Harms, Ute – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Energy is an important concept in all natural sciences, and a challenging one for school science education. Students' conceptual knowledge of energy is often low, and they entertain misconceptions. Educational research in science and mathematics suggests that learning through depictive representations and learning from errors, based on the theory…
Descriptors: Energy, Biology, Grade 9, Misconceptions
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Wilson, Kristy J.; Brame, Cynthia J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Evidence-based teaching practices are being encouraged to increase student skills and understanding in the sciences. Finding, interpreting, and applying education literature to a specific context are barriers to adopting these evidence-based practices. Here, we introduce a new feature, "Evidence-Based Teaching Guides." This feature…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Science Process Skills
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Reeves, Todd D.; Warner, Douglas M.; Ludlow, Larry H.; O'Connor, Clare M. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
National reports have called for the introduction of research experiences throughout the undergraduate curriculum, but practical implementation at many institutions faces challenges associated with sustainability, cost, and large student populations. We describe a novel course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) that introduces…
Descriptors: Genetics, Science Instruction, Introductory Courses, Science Laboratories
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Harrison, Colin; Tanner, Kimberly D. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Language matters. What we say can have profound effects on an individual's sense of belonging, self-efficacy, and science identity. One of the ways that these biases can manifest is in our language, through the use of microaggressions. Here, the term "microaggressions" is used to describe brief, sometimes subtle, everyday exchanges that…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Aggression, Higher Education, Educational Environment
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Schnoes, Alexandra M.; Caliendo, Anne; Morand, Janice; Dillinger, Teresa; Naffziger-Hirsch, Michelle; Moses, Bruce; Gibeling, Jeffery C.; Yamamoto, Keith R.; Lindstaedt, Bill; McGee, Richard; O'Brien, Theresa C. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
The Graduate Student Internships for Career Exploration (GSICE) program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), offers structured training and hands-on experience through internships for a broad range of PhD-level careers. The GSICE program model was successfully replicated at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Here, we…
Descriptors: Internship Programs, Career Choice, Decision Making, Graduate Students
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Ziadie, M. A.; Andrews, T. C. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Evolution is a unifying theory in biology and is challenging for undergraduates to learn. An instructor's ability to help students learn is influenced by pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), which is topic-specific knowledge of teaching and learning. Instructors need PCK for every topic they teach, which is a tremendous body of knowledge to…
Descriptors: Evolution, Science Education, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Biology
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