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Brookings Institution, 2017
The Measuring Early Learning Quality and Outcomes (MELQO) initiative began in 2014 in anticipation of a new global emphasis on early childhood development (ECD). Led by UNESCO, the World Bank, the Center for Universal Education at the Brookings Institution, and UNICEF, the initiative aims to promote feasible, accurate and useful measurement of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Child Development, Educational Quality
Putman, Hannah; Hansen, Michael; Walsh, Kate; Quintero, Diana – Brookings Institution, 2016
Public schools are suffering from a well-publicized diversity problem. Minority students make up nearly half of all public school students, yet minority teachers comprise just 18 percent of the teacher workforce. In an effort to address what Slate has described as "the one cause in education everyone supports," school districts across…
Descriptors: Teacher Competencies, College Attendance, Graduation, Majors (Students)
Putman, Hannah; Hansen, Michael; Walsh, Kate; Quintero, Diana – Brookings Institution, 2016
Public schools are suffering from a well-publicized diversity problem. Minority students make up nearly half of all public school students, yet minority teachers comprise just 18 percent of the teacher workforce. In an effort to address what Slate has described as "the one cause in education everyone supports," school districts across…
Descriptors: Teacher Competencies, College Attendance, Graduation, Majors (Students)
Gustafsson-Wright, Emily; Gardiner, Sophie – Brookings Institution, 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, or Global Goals) and their associated targets set out by the United Nations in 2015 explicitly seek to address some of the largest challenges facing children around the world. Early Childhood Development (ECD) interventions have been found to improve adult health and education levels, reduce crime, and…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Low Income Groups, Sustainable Development, Design Requirements
Gustafsson-Wright, Emily; Gardiner, Sophie – Brookings Institution, 2016
The confluence of the agreement on 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, or Global Goals) in 2015, and the increased attention being paid to the role of non-traditional actors in contributing to shared prosperity, provide a unique opportunity to focus attention on attempts to identify promising new solutions to the barriers that impede the full…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Low Income Groups, Sustainable Development, Design Requirements
Loveless, Tom – Brookings Institution, 2016
The 2016 edition of the Brown Center Report (BCR) is number five in the third volume and the 15th issue overall. As is customary, this year's BCR contains three studies. Part one is on the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and instruction in math and reading. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data indicate that nonfiction is…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Advanced Placement Programs
Jacobson, Reuben – Brookings Institution, 2016
The institutions of a neighborhood are vital to its health and economic strength, and public schools are one of the most important shared institutions. They function not only as centers for providing education but also as hubs for communities to organize a range of supports and opportunities for children and their families. Reuben Jacobson's…
Descriptors: Neighborhood Schools, School Community Relationship, Community Schools, Place Based Education
Whitehurst, Grover J.; Stuit, David; Graves, Claire; Shaw, Lauren – Brookings Institution, 2015
The traditional delivery system for public K-12 education in the U.S. is being disrupted by forces from without (e.g., forms of competition, including charter schools) and from within (e.g., new regulatory requirements, including meaningful teacher evaluation and the Common Core). As in any sizable sector of the economy, challenges to the status…
Descriptors: Advocacy, State Policy, State Legislation, Educational Legislation
Loveless, Tom – Brookings Institution, 2015
This 2015 Brown Center Report (BCR) represents the fourteenth edition of the series since the first issue was published in 2000. It includes three studies. Like all previous BCRs, the studies explore independent topics but share two characteristics: they are empirical and based on the best evidence available. The studies in this edition are on the…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Reading Achievement
Kane, Thomas J. – Brookings Institution, 2015
The primary obstacle to faster progress in U.S. education reform is hard to put your finger on, because it's an absence, not a presence. It is not an interest group or a manifest social problem. It is the infrastructure we never built for identifying what works. It is the organizational framework we've not yet constructed for building consensus…
Descriptors: Educational Development, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Evidence Based Practice
Looney, Adam; Yannelis, Constantine – Brookings Institution, 2015
This paper examines the rise in student loan default and delinquency. It draws on a unique set of administrative data on federal student borrowing matched to earnings records from de-identified tax records. Most of the increase in default is associated with borrowers at for-profit schools, 2-year institutions, and certain other nonselective…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Default, Federal Aid, Proprietary Schools
Horn, Michael B.; Freeland, Julia; Butler, Stuart M. – Brookings Institution, 2015
Effective approaches to the problems of struggling neighborhoods--from health to school success and poverty--require the focused use of integrated strategies. Consistent with this, community schools and many charter schools now function as hubs, helping to deliver a range of services beyond education in order to prepare their students to learn and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Academic Support Services, Integrated Services, Educational Improvement
Akers, Beth; Chingos, Matthew M. – Brookings Institution, 2014
College tuition and student debt levels have been increasing at a fast pace for at least two decades. These well-documented trends, coupled with an economy weakened by a major recession, have raised serious questions about whether the market for student debt is headed for a crisis, with many borrowers unable to repay their loans and taxpayers…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Debt (Financial), Paying for College, Higher Education
Akers, Elizabeth J.; Chingos, Matthew M. – Brookings Institution, 2014
Improving the college search process by making college costs more transparent to potential students and their families has been a primary focus of recent higher education policy efforts. But the importance of this information does not end at the university gates. In order to make prudent decisions about what to study, how many courses to take, and…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Costs, Paying for College, Loan Repayment
Whitehurst, Grover J.; Chingos, Matthew M.; Lindquist, Katharine M. – Brookings Institution, 2014
The evidence is clear: better teachers improve student outcomes, ranging from test scores to college attendance rates to career earnings. Federal policy has begun to catch up with these findings in its recent shift from an effort to ensure that all teachers have traditional credentials to policies intended to incentivize states to evaluate and…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Observation, Teacher Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education
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