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Brookings Institution140
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Ishtiaque Fazlul; Cory Koedel; Eric Parsons – Brookings Institution, 2024
There have been substantial advances in the development of states' education data systems over the past 20 years, supported by large investments from the federal government. However, the availability of modern data systems has not translated into meaningful improvements in how consequential state policies, such as funding and accountability…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Academic Achievement
Tom Swiderski; Sarah Crittenden Fuller – Brookings Institution, 2023
The harm to student learning during the COVID-19 pandemic has been well documented and an incredible influx of resources--including $260 billion in federal government investment--has been dedicated to support schools' recovery. Much of this money has been spent developing and expanding academic recovery efforts such as after-school tutoring and…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Scores, Achievement Gap, Test Score Decline
Robert E. Litan; Kimberly Willingham; Beth Schueler – Brookings Institution, 2023
Civil, informed debate is essential for any healthy democracy. This is truer than ever judging from the often uncivil, fact-free public discourse one sees too often on television and social media. But does participation in formal debate training improve educational outcomes? While policy debaters historically have come from high-income public…
Descriptors: Debate, Competition, Public Education, Student Diversity
Erica Harbatkin; Tuan D. Nguyen – Brookings Institution, 2023
The COVID-19 pandemic sounded alarms about the precarity of the teacher workforce as teachers reported high levels of burnout, stress, job dissatisfaction, and intent to leave teaching. Research using statewide administrative data has shown teacher turnover climbed in 2021 and 2022 in several states, raising concerns that the worst could be yet to…
Descriptors: Intention, Teacher Persistence, Labor Turnover, Teaching Conditions
Taylor Odle; Jennifer A. Delaney; Preston Magouirk – Brookings Institution, 2023
Students enter the college application process on unequal footing--with various levels of financial, social, and cultural capital they can rely on to navigate it. At least 10 states and hundreds of colleges and universities have begun "direct admissions" programs, which proactively admit students using data like their GPA and ACT/SAT…
Descriptors: College Applicants, College Admission, Access to Education, Persistence
Lena Shi – Brookings Institution, 2023
Too many policies and practices aiming to improve college access and admissions overlook an important group of prospective enrollees: current college students. Substantial policy attention is placed on supporting college applications and decisions for those applying straight from high school. Even though one million students switch into a new…
Descriptors: College Admission, Selective Admission, College Transfer Students, College Applicants
Beth Schueler; Melissa Arnold Lyon; Joshua Bleiberg – Brookings Institution, 2023
Research suggests that takeovers are not a silver bullet for improving struggling school systems. State takeovers of school districts have happened in all major regions of the country but disproportionately affect some types of communities more than others. There are two main reasons states typically give for enacting takeover: low academic…
Descriptors: State School District Relationship, Program Effectiveness, State Government, Government Role
Goger, Annelies; Parco, Allyson; Vegas, Emiliana – Brookings Institution, 2022
The rapid expansion of new technologies into every sector has contributed to the proliferation of alternative models of education, learning, and skill signaling in global labor markets. From digital badges to bootcamps to learning and employment records (LERs), a wide range of public, private, and nonprofit initiatives and platforms have emerged…
Descriptors: Technological Literacy, Information Technology, Credentials, Information Storage
Reeves, Richard V.; Deng, Beyond – Brookings Institution, 2022
Who you know can have a significant impact on one's accessibility to resources and opportunities for mobility. While it is difficult to determine the causal impact of social capital on educational outcomes, we do present some evidence that relationships with families, peers, teachers, and counselors play a role in college enrollment, especially…
Descriptors: Youth, Young Adults, Opportunities, Social Networks
Christensen, Cody; Turner, Lesley J. – Brookings Institution, 2021
Community colleges play an important role in providing access to higher education and promoting economic mobility, but student outcomes vary widely across institutions. Although community colleges have been largely excluded from recent federal accountability action, the potential re-regulation of Gainful Employment raises the question of whether…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Outcomes of Education, Accountability, Educational Policy
Restrepo, Leonardo; Turner, Lesley J. – Brookings Institution, 2021
The authors have developed a visualization tool to assist higher education stakeholders in exploring options in higher education performance and accountability. The tool allows users to visualize quickly differences between programs and institutions along a number of dimensions. This report draws five insights from the visualization tool: (1)…
Descriptors: Loan Repayment, Student Financial Aid, Tuition, Salaries
Harris, Douglas N.; Liu, Lihan; Barrett, Nathan; Li, Ruoxi – Brookings Institution, 2020
High school graduation rates have increased dramatically in the past two decades. Some skepticism has arisen, however, because of the confluence of the graduation rise and the starts of high-stakes accountability for graduation rates with "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB). In this study we provide some of the first evidence about the role of…
Descriptors: Graduation Rate, Accountability, Human Capital, Educational Legislation
Reber, Sarah; Sinclair, Chenoah – Brookings Institution, 2020
Inequality in the United States has been rising in recent decades, while intergenerational mobility remains low. This means that absolute mobility--the extent to which children are economically better off than their parents--is declining, and intergenerational inequality is increasingly entrenched. A long literature suggests large returns to…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Social Mobility, College Role, Low Income Students
Acton, Riley K. – Brookings Institution, 2020
Deciding which field to study is one of the most consequential decisions college students make, but most research on the topic focuses on students attending four-year colleges. To understand how students attending community colleges make field of study decisions, I link administrative educational records of recent high school graduates with local…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Majors (Students), Intellectual Disciplines
Howarth, Robin; Stifler, Lisa – Brookings Institution, 2019
This report addresses the trend of for-profit colleges going exclusively online or contracting with nonprofit (mostly public) colleges to run their online programs. Using results from focus groups of for-profit student borrowers, we explore the risks that this rapid shift entails for students already vulnerable to poor outcomes. The Department of…
Descriptors: Failure, Proprietary Schools, Focus Groups, Outcomes of Education
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