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Reber, Sarah; Sinclair, Chenoah – Brookings Institution, 2020
Inequality in the United States has been rising in recent decades, while intergenerational mobility remains low. This means that absolute mobility--the extent to which children are economically better off than their parents--is declining, and intergenerational inequality is increasingly entrenched. A long literature suggests large returns to…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Social Mobility, College Role, Low Income Students
Acton, Riley K. – Brookings Institution, 2020
Deciding which field to study is one of the most consequential decisions college students make, but most research on the topic focuses on students attending four-year colleges. To understand how students attending community colleges make field of study decisions, I link administrative educational records of recent high school graduates with local…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Majors (Students), Intellectual Disciplines
Harris, Douglas N.; Liu, Lihan; Barrett, Nathan; Li, Ruoxi – Brookings Institution, 2020
High school graduation rates have increased dramatically in the past two decades. Some skepticism has arisen, however, because of the confluence of the graduation rise and the starts of high-stakes accountability for graduation rates with "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB). In this study we provide some of the first evidence about the role of…
Descriptors: Graduation Rate, Accountability, Human Capital, Educational Legislation
Osterman, Paul – Brookings Institution, 2019
Since the late years of the Eisenhower Administration, when alarms were first raised about the impact of what was then called cybernation there have been cycles of interest in the role of training policy for addressing perceived national challenges. During the War on Poverty youth unemployment and juvenile delinquency motivated initiatives…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Employment, Job Training, Labor Needs
Kasman, Matt; Guyot, Katherine – Brookings Institution, 2019
There is currently a great deal of interest in the potential of reductions in or elimination of the cost of college attendance for students (here referred to as college subsidies) to increase equitable access to higher education. A number of Democratic presidential candidates have advanced proposals for such programs. However, because colleges and…
Descriptors: College Attendance, Grants, Paying for College, Simulation
Howarth, Robin; Stifler, Lisa – Brookings Institution, 2019
This report addresses the trend of for-profit colleges going exclusively online or contracting with nonprofit (mostly public) colleges to run their online programs. Using results from focus groups of for-profit student borrowers, we explore the risks that this rapid shift entails for students already vulnerable to poor outcomes. The Department of…
Descriptors: Failure, Proprietary Schools, Focus Groups, Outcomes of Education
Escobari, Marcela; Seyal, Ian; Morales-Arilla, José; Shearer, Chad – Brookings Institution, 2019
The United States has posted more than 100 consecutive months of net job gains since the economic recovery began in 2010, making this the longest expansion in seven decades. Yet, for many, wage growth has lagged, leaving many families economically insecure. Meanwhile, job and economic growth continue to accrue in select corners of the nation,…
Descriptors: Regional Planning, Competition, Economic Progress, Labor Force Development
Hansen, Michael; Levesque, Elizabeth; Valant, Jon; Quintero, Diana – Brookings Institution, 2018
This year's Brown Center Report (BCR) on American Education is the 17th issue overall since its beginning in 2000. The 2018 edition focuses on the state of social studies and civics education in U.S. schools. Like previous editions, which were authored by Tom Loveless, the report comprises three studies: The first chapter examines student…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Comparative Analysis
Kasman, Matt; Heuberger, Benjamin; Hammond, Ross A. – Brookings Institution, 2018
The lack of basic financial knowledge and skills among youth today is of national concern. American high school students routinely fail tests that evaluate their financial knowledge and are ill-prepared to face important decisions about borrowing, saving, investing, and planning for their financial futures. The consequences of these low levels of…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Money Management, State Standards, Academic Standards
Harris, Douglas N.; Farmer-Hinton, Raquel; Kim, Debbie; Diamond, John; Reavis, Tangela Blakely; Rifelj, Kelly Krupa; Lustick, Hilary; Carl, Bradley – Brookings Institution, 2018
The price of college is rising, making college feel out of reach for a rising share of Americans. Families can borrow to be sure, but with total student loan debt now above $1 trillion nationally, the situation seems unsustainable. It is no surprise then that in the campaign for U.S. President in the 2016 election, nearly all candidates of both…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Paying for College, Tuition, Costs
Brookings Institution, 2017
The Measuring Early Learning Quality and Outcomes (MELQO) initiative began in 2014 in anticipation of a new global emphasis on early childhood development (ECD). Led by UNESCO, the World Bank, the Center for Universal Education at the Brookings Institution, and UNICEF, the initiative aims to promote feasible, accurate and useful measurement of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Child Development, Educational Quality
Mann, Elizabeth – Brookings Institution, 2017
Amid persistent concerns about the well-documented skills gap, community colleges have the potential to provide low-cost, high-quality education and training to students. Robust relationships between colleges and local industry partners are critical to building strong workforce development programs for students. In this context, this toolkit…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, School Business Relationship, Partnerships in Education, Education Work Relationship
Loveless, Tom – Brookings Institution, 2017
This Brown Center Report (BCR) on American Education is the sixth and final edition in the third volume and the 16th issue overall. The series began in 2000. As in the past, the report comprises three studies. Also in keeping with tradition, the first section features recent results from state, national, or international assessments; the second…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
Putman, Hannah; Hansen, Michael; Walsh, Kate; Quintero, Diana – Brookings Institution, 2016
Public schools are suffering from a well-publicized diversity problem. Minority students make up nearly half of all public school students, yet minority teachers comprise just 18 percent of the teacher workforce. In an effort to address what Slate has described as "the one cause in education everyone supports," school districts across…
Descriptors: Teacher Competencies, College Attendance, Graduation, Majors (Students)
Putman, Hannah; Hansen, Michael; Walsh, Kate; Quintero, Diana – Brookings Institution, 2016
Public schools are suffering from a well-publicized diversity problem. Minority students make up nearly half of all public school students, yet minority teachers comprise just 18 percent of the teacher workforce. In an effort to address what Slate has described as "the one cause in education everyone supports," school districts across…
Descriptors: Teacher Competencies, College Attendance, Graduation, Majors (Students)
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