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Hayward, Brent A.; Poed, Shiralee; McKay-Brown, Lisa; McVilly, Keith R. – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2021
Background: It is necessary to understand which variables successfully contribute to the adoption of positive behaviour support (PBS) in disability services if people with disability are to experience meaningful outcomes. Methods: A systematic review of the disability support literature was undertaken, and meta-aggregation was used to synthesise…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Disabilities, Literature Reviews, Program Implementation
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Chien, Tiffany; Sterkenburg, Paula S.; Prahl, Charlotte; Anderson, Nina; Bos, Annemieke – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2020
Background: The mental health and well-being of individuals can be positively affected by improving facial appearance through orthodontic treatment. However, research is limited on the relationship between facial appearance and self-concept of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Materials and methods: This scoping review includes 19…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Human Body, Self Concept, Social Influences
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Sheridan, Ciara; OMalley-Keighran, Mary-Pat; Carroll, Clare – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2020
Background: There is a wealth of research on adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) covering a large range of topics such as obesity, speech and language, education and health-related quality of life. However, for quality of life, much of the available literature for adolescents with DS relies on parent proxy reporting. This results in more research…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Quality of Life, Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents
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Walton, Catherine; Isaac, Andrew; Kerr, Mike – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Background: Vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk of bone disease, muscle weakness and fractures. The aim of this systematic review is to assess for the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in people with learning disability. Method: The "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses" checklist was followed where…
Descriptors: Incidence, Nutrition, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Persons
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Roberts, Helen; Ingold, Anne; Liabo, Kristin; Manzotti, Grazia; Reeves, David; Bradby, Hannah – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Background: Young people with learning disabilities are frequently underrepresented in research accounts. This study describes the experiences of young people moving from the care system. Methods: We scoped the English and Swedish literature for first-hand accounts and interviewed four young people with learning disabilities leaving the English…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities, Transitional Programs, Literature Reviews
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Chapman, Hazel M.; Lovell, Andrew; Bramwell, Ros – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Background: Health consultations are an interpersonal activity that influence health outcomes and attitudes towards self and health professionals for people with learning disabilities. Annual health checks have been introduced to improve health inequalities for people with learning disabilities. Method: A narrative literature review of health care…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Health Services, Health Needs, Outcome Measures
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Brownrigg, Sophie – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Background: This article provides a literature review exploring reasons for disclosure and nondisclosure of bad news to people with learning disabilities. Connections are made to current policy, law and ethics to highlight the complexity of this issue. Methods: This review examines literature on disclosing bad news to people with learning…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Disclosure, Policy, Laws
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Jacobs, Myrthe; Downie, Helen; Kidd, Gill; Fitzsimmons, Lorna; Gibbs, Susie; Melville, Craig – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Background: Children and young people with learning disabilities experience high rates of mental health problems. Methods: The present study reviewed the literature on mental health services for children with learning disabilities, to identify known models of service provision and what has been experienced as effective or challenging in providing…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Mental Health, Health Services
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MacDonald, Dee – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Background: Adults with mild or moderate learning difficulties identified a need for more opportunities to access appropriate emotional support. Materials and Methods: A narrative literature review was undertaken. Factors associated with dealing with emotional unrest, such as self-esteem/self-awareness, a person's attitude to having learning…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Mild Disabilities, Emotional Disturbances, Self Esteem
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Howarth, Sharon; Morris, David; Newlin, Meredith; Webber, Martin – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
People with learning disabilities are among the most socially excluded in society. There is a significant gap in research evidence showing how health and social care workers can intervene to improve the social participation of adults with learning disabilities. A systematic review and modified narrative synthesis was used to appraise the quality…
Descriptors: Intervention, Adults, Learning Disabilities, Health Services
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Walker, Brigid; MacBryer, Shona; Jones, Alan; Law, Jim – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Because of difficulties with neuropsychological assessments for dementia in people with learning disabilities, professionals in clinical practice have relied heavily on carer interviews, one of the most widely used being the "Dementia Questionnaire for People with Learning Disabilities" (DLD-Evenhuis et al. 2006 "Dementia…
Descriptors: Dementia, Questionnaires, Down Syndrome, Neuropsychology
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Bent, Sarah; McShea, Lynzee; Brennan, Siobhan – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Background: Hearing loss has a significant impact on living well and on communication in all adults, with the numbers affected increasing with age, and adults with learning disabilities being at particular risk. Methods: A review of the literature on hearing loss in older adults with learning disabilities was completed. Results: A significant…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Older Adults, Intellectual Disability, Quality of Life
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Foster, Liam; Boxall, Kathy – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Background: People (with and without learning disabilities) are living longer. Demographic ageing creates challenges and the leading policy response to these challenges is "active ageing". "Active" does not just refer to the ability to be physically and economically active, but also includes ongoing social and civic engagement…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Older Adults, Intellectual Disability, Civil Rights
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Walker, Carol – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Background: Growing numbers of people with learning disabilities are now living into older age. This study aims to examine the state of knowledge about their lives and the challenges that ageing has for both family carers and policymakers and practitioners. Materials and Methods: The article synthesises existing research in the fields of learning…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Older Adults, Aging (Individuals), Knowledge Level
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Hyun, Elly; Hahn, Lyndsey; McConnell, David – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014
The aim of this review is to synthesise findings from research about the experiences of people with learning disabilities who have faced arrest and jail time. After an extensive search of the literature, four relevant articles were found. The first-person accounts presented in these four studies were pooled, and a thematic analysis was undertaken.…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Crime, Law Enforcement, Criminals
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