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Van Hoof, Jo; Verschaffel, Lieven; Van Dooren, Wim – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Rational numbers are of critical importance both in mathematics and in other fields of science. However, they form a stumbling block for learners. One widely known source of the difficulty learners have with rational numbers is the natural number bias, that is the tendency to (inappropriately) apply natural number properties in…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Grade 6, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills
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Gouveia-Pereira, Maria; Vala, Jorge; Correia, Isabel – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Teachers' legitimacy is central to school functioning. Teachers' justice, whether distributive or procedural, predicts teachers' legitimacy. Aims: What is still do be found, and constitutes the goal of this paper, is whether unjust treatment by a teacher affects the legitimacy of the teacher differently when the student knows that the…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship, Value Judgment
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Putwain, David W.; Symes, Wendy; Wilkinson, Hannah M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Fear appeals are persuasive messages that draw attention to the negative consequences (e.g., academic failure) that follow a particular course of action (e.g., not engaging in lessons) and how negative consequences can be avoided with an alternate course of action. Previous studies have shown that when fear appeals are appraised as…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Fear, Mathematics Tests, Secondary School Students
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Moss, Simon A.; Irons, Melanie; Boland, Martin – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background and aims: Lecturers often present entertaining videos, or organize a variety of amusing demonstrations, to foster student engagement or to encourage critical analysis. Magic tricks, in particular, have been shown to activate neural circuits that underpin motivation or problem-solving and, therefore, could be beneficial during lectures.…
Descriptors: Deception, Teaching Methods, Video Technology, Comprehension
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Howard, Steven J.; Woodcock, Stuart; Ehrich, John; Bokosmaty, Sahar – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: A fundamental aim of standardized educational assessment is to achieve reliable discrimination between students differing in the knowledge, skills and abilities assessed. However, questions of the purity with which these tests index students' genuine abilities have arisen. Specifically, literacy and numeracy assessments may also engage…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Literacy, Numeracy, Student Evaluation
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Zhang, Yining; Lin, Chin-Hsi; Zhang, Dongbo; Choi, Yunjeong – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: In spite of considerable advancements in our understanding of the different factors involved in achieving vocabulary-learning success, the overall pattern and interrelationships of critical factors involved in L2 vocabulary learning--particularly, the mechanisms through which learners regulate their motivation and learning…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Grade 10, Second Language Learning
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Vogelaar, Bart; Bakker, Merel; Elliott, Julian G.; Resing, Wilma C. M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Dynamic testing has been proposed as a testing approach that is less disadvantageous for children who may be potentially subject to bias when undertaking conventional assessments. For example, those who encounter high levels of test anxiety, or who are unfamiliar with standardized test procedures, may fail to demonstrate their true…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Test Bias, Test Anxiety
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Wang, Hui; Hall, Nathan C.; Goetz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Prior research has shown teachers' goal orientations to influence classroom goal structures (Retelsdorf "et al.," 2010, "Learning and Instruction, 20," 30) and to also impact their emotions (Schutz "et al.," 2007, "Emotion in Education," Academic Press, Amsterdam, the Netherlands). However,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Goal Orientation, Teachers, Longitudinal Studies
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Justicia-Galiano, M. José; Martín-Puga, M. Eva; Linares, Rocío; Pelegrina, Santiago – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Numerous studies, most of them involving adolescents and adults, have evidenced a moderate negative relationship between math anxiety and math performance. There are, however, a limited number of studies that have addressed the mechanisms underlying this relation. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the role of two possible…
Descriptors: Mathematics Anxiety, Self Concept, Correlation, Short Term Memory
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Thiede, Keith W.; Redford, Joshua S.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Self-regulated learning requires accurate monitoring and effective regulation of study. Little is known about how effectively younger readers regulate their study. Aims: We examined how decisions about which text to restudy affect overall comprehension for seventh-grade students. In addition to a "Participant's Choice"…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Study Habits, Comprehension
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Montuoro, Paul; Mainhard, Tim – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Considerable research has investigated the deleterious effects of teachers responding aggressively to students who misbehave, but the mechanism underlying this dysfunctional behaviour remains unknown. Aims: This study investigated whether the mechanism underlying teacher aggression follows I[superscript 3] theory or General Aggression…
Descriptors: Teacher Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship, Aggression, Foreign Countries
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Otumfuor, Beryl Ann; Carr, Martha – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Spatial skills have been linked to better performance in mathematics. Aim The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teacher spatial skills and their instruction, including teacher content and pedagogical knowledge, use of pictorial representations, and use of gestures during geometry instruction. Sample:…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Teacher Competencies, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Foody, Mairéad; Samara, Muthanna; O'Higgins Norman, James – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Bullying research has gained a substantial amount of interest in recent years because of the implications for child and adolescent development. Aim and sample: We conducted a meta-analysis of traditional and cyberbullying studies in the Republic and North of Ireland to gain an understanding of prevalence rates and associated issues…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Incidence, Victims
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Kamarova, Sviatlana; Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D.; Hagger, Martin S.; Lintunen, Taru; Hassandra, Mary; Papaioannou, Athanasios – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Previous prospective studies have documented that mastery-approach goals are adaptive because they facilitate less negative psychological responses to unfavourable social comparisons than performance-approach goals. Aims: This study aimed to confirm this so-called "mastery goal advantage" effect experimentally. Methods: A…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Mastery Learning, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement
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Träff, Ulf; Skagerlund, Kenny; Olsson, Linda; Östergren, Rickard – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Developing sufficient mathematical skills is a prerequisite to function adequately in society today. Given this, an important task is to increase our understanding regarding the cognitive mechanisms underlying young people's acquisition of early number skills and formal mathematical knowledge. Aims: The purpose was to examine whether…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills
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