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Ovando, Carlos J. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2003
Various interpretations of the historical forces affecting U.S. language policy and attitudes toward bilingual education are examined. Changing political, social, and economic forces, rather than any consistent ideology, have shaped the nation's responses to language diversity. U.S. language ideology has shifted with changing historical events,…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Attitudes, Educational History, Educational Policy
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Zhou, Minglang – Bilingual Research Journal, 2001
From 1949 to 1957, the Chinese Communist Party's language policy took a pluralistic approach. A Chinese-monopolistic language policy was dominant, 1958-77. A pluralistic approach was again adopted from 1977 to the present. The Chinese experience illustrates how language minorities everywhere must balance maintaining their home language with…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational History, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Burch, Susan – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Oralism, which teaches lip reading and speech instead of American Sign Language (ASL), was hostile to deaf culture in the early 1900s. Deaf resistance to oralism solidified the deaf community through support of deaf teachers; establishment of deaf newspapers, clubs, and churches; and production of sign-language films and dictionaries. (Contains 60…
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Deafness, Diachronic Linguistics, Educational History
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Fitzgerald, Jill – Bilingual Research Journal, 1993
Reviews salient historical events and selected factors that reveal views on bilingualism in the United States from precolonial times to the present. Identifies patterns of attitudes toward bilingualism, and summarizes factors associated with various patterns in an effort to understand current controversy over bilingualism. Contains 42 references.…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education