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Eisenstein Ebsworth, Miriam; Ebsworth, Timothy John; Cai, Chencen – Bilingual Research Journal, 2018
Acquiring English in Puerto Rico involves the perceived advantages of bilingualism in contact with socio-political and economic forces that encourage and constrain the development of a population that is bilingual and biliterate in Spanish and English. Using a mixed design we report the perspectives of 86 experienced English teachers on the…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Spanish, English (Second Language), Language of Instruction
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Carroll, Kevin S.; Sambolín Morales, Astrid N. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2016
Framed within Ruiz's language-as-resource orientation, this article uses data from a college ESL classroom where a translanguaging approach was used for the teaching of a novel. After defining key terms, the article describes the linguistic context of higher education in Puerto Rico and its influence on one instructor's Basic English course. Using…
Descriptors: Native Language, Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Language Usage
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Ariza, Eileen N. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2002
Anxiety can impede language learning. By using the Community Language Learning method, a teacher helped young Spanish-language learners in Puerto Rico break through almost impenetrable social and psycholinguistic barriers that threatened their capability of learning a new language. This method focuses on strategies that reduce anxiety as the…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Classroom Environment, Humor, Personal Narratives