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Sáez, Leilani; Irvin, P. Shawn – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2020
In this technical report we document the development and piloting of the Learning Receptiveness Assessment (LRA) Greenhouse for Prekindergarten. This technological tool was designed to prevent reading disabilities by supporting effective "assessment-guided instructional decision-making" by Preschool teachers. The LRA Greenhouse comprises…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Formative Evaluation, Computer Assisted Testing, Reading Readiness
Alonzo, Julie – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2019
This technical brief describes the easyCBM® Spanish language Vocabulary assessments added to the easyCBM® system in the fall of 2018 and provides the initial norms for the fall and winter assessments. These norms should be interpreted with caution, as the sample was smaller than ideal, particularly for the Winter norms.
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Response to Intervention, Spanish, Second Language Learning
Nobles, Susanne; Anderson, Daniel; Raman, Manjula; Laird, Katy; Tindal, Gerald – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
This study was premised on the importance of vocabulary in comprehending text. Critical findings from both the National Reading Plan (NRP) and the National Reading Technical Assistance Center (NRTAC) frame this study, both in the intervention that was implemented and in the manner in which outcomes were measured. Using expository passages…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Intervention, Program Effectiveness
Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
In this technical report, we present results of classification accuracy analyses to identify cut scores to optimize sensitivity and specificity for the easyCBM literacy assessments in Kindergarten through Grade 2. In conducting these analyses, we used the following approach: We kept sensitivity above 0.80 and maximized specificity from there. If…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Curriculum Based Assessment, Response to Intervention, Kindergarten
Irvin, P. Shawn; Sáez, Leilani; Pilger, Marissa; Alonzo, Julie; Squires, Jane; Twombly, Liz; Tindal, Gerald – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
In this technical report, implementation strategies from the first two years of Project ICEBERG exploration are described. Over this period of time, a new preschool assessment, curricular activity, and teacher training tool called the Learning Receptiveness Assessment-Greenhouse application, was iteratively developed, refined, and piloted to…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Reading Difficulties
Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
In response to a request for additional analyses, in particular reporting confidence intervals around the results, we re-analyzed the data from prior studies. This supplementary report presents the results of the additional analyses addressing classification accuracy, reliability, and criterion-related validity evidence. For ease of reference, we…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Classification
Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
In response to a request for additional analyses, in particular reporting confidence intervals around the results, we re-analyzed the data from prior studies. This supplementary report presents the results of the additional analyses addressing classification accuracy, reliability, and criterion-related validity evidence. For ease of reference, we…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Accuracy
Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
This technical report is an addendum to a study we initially reported on in 2014 (Wray, Lai, Saez, Alonzo, & Tindal, 2014). In response to a request for additional analyses, in particular reporting confidence intervals around the results, we re-analyzed the data from the Wray et al study. This supplementary report presents the results of the…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Response to Intervention, Kindergarten, Grade 1
Nese, Joseph F. T.; Anderson, Daniel; Irvin, P. Shawn; Alonzo, Julie – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
This in-brief technical report documents the results from two different analytic approaches for examining the reliability of the slope for easyCBM® math measures in Grades K-8. Results varied by grade, assessment measure, and the analytic approach. Results patterns are discussed.
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Response to Intervention, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement
Nese, Joseph F. T.; Anderson, Daniel; Irvin, P. Shawn; Alonzo, Julie – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2018
This in-brief technical report documents the results from two different analytic approaches for examining the reliability of the slope for easyCBM® reading measures in Grades K-8. Results varied by grade, assessment measure, and the analytic approach. Results patterns are discussed.
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Response to Intervention, Kindergarten, Grade 1
Tindal, Gerald – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2017
This paper is about oral reading fluency, how it has been measured, the students who have been measured, and the outcomes that have been reported for both performance and progress. This measurement system has almost become ubiquitous with documentation of response to intervention in reading and become a focal point of research on reading. Fluency…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Outcomes of Education, Educational Research
Hasbrouck, Jan; Tindal, Gerald – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2017
This paper describes the origins of the widely used curriculum-based measure of oral reading fluency (ORF) and how the creation and use of ORF norms has evolved over time. Norms for ORF can be used to help educators make decisions about which students might need intervention in reading and to help monitor students' progress once instruction has…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Curriculum Based Assessment, Emergent Literacy
Irvin, P. Shawn – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2016
The Distributed Item Review (DIR) is a secure and flexible, web-based system designed to present test items to expert reviewers across a broad geographic area for evaluation of important dimensions of quality (e.g., alignment with standards, bias, sensitivity, and student accessibility). The DIR is comprised of essential features that allow system…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Reviews, Test Validity, Guides
Irvin, P. Shawn; Pilger, Marissa; Sáez, Leilani; Alonzo, Julie – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2016
Identifying and measuring indicators of learning difficulties among young children and implementing effective instructional approaches are complicated, particularly during the transition to kindergarten. Purposeful school-based transition policies and practices support teacher and school decision-making and, thus, can ease the…
Descriptors: Needs Assessment, Surveys, Prevention, Screening Tests
Kahn, Josh; Nese, Joseph T.; Alonzo, Julie – Behavioral Research and Teaching, 2016
There is strong theoretical support for oral reading fluency (ORF) as an essential building block of reading proficiency. The current and standard ORF assessment procedure requires that students read aloud a grade-level passage (˜ 250 words) in a one-to-one administration, with the number of words read correctly in 60 seconds constituting their…
Descriptors: Teacher Surveys, Oral Reading, Reading Tests, Computer Assisted Testing
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