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Lewis, Timothy J.; Mitchell, Barbara S.; Harvey, Kristin; Green, Ambra; McKenzie, Jennifer – Behavioral Disorders, 2015
Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and functional analyses (FA) are grounded in the applied behavior analysis principle that posits problem behavior is functionally related to the environment in which it occurs and is maintained by either providing access to reinforcing outcomes or allowing the individual to avoid or escape that which they…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Environmental Influences, Hypothesis Testing, Mild Disabilities
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Trout, Alexandra L.; Lambert, Matthew C.; Nelson, Timothy D.; Thompson, Ronald W. – Behavioral Disorders, 2014
The prevalence of weight problems among youth in general and youth in out-of-home care has been well documented; however, the prevalence of obesity/overweight among youth with high-incidence disabilities in more restrictive settings, such as residential care, has not been assessed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of…
Descriptors: Residential Care, Body Weight, Youth Problems, Disabilities
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Lambert, Matthew C.; Epstein, Michael; Ingram, Stephanie; Simpson, Amy; Bernstein, Seth – Behavioral Disorders, 2014
Many students who exhibit behavioral and emotional problems during adolescence often show less severe problems in school in early grades. Screening for these early indicators can help educational professionals direct support to students who are more likely to benefit from increased support. The screening protocol needs to be psychometrically…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems, Adolescents, Severity (of Disability)
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Sullivan, Terri N.; Helms, Sarah W.; Bettencourt, Amie F.; Sutherland, Kevin; Lotze, Geri M.; Mays, Sally; Wright, Stephen; Farrell, Albert D. – Behavioral Disorders, 2012
To enhance the positive adjustment of youths with high incidence disabilities, a better understanding of the factors that influence their use of effective responses in challenging situations is needed. In this qualitative study, adolescents described individual and peer factors that would influence their use of effective nonviolent or aggressive…
Descriptors: Violence, Learning Disabilities, Prevention, Adolescents
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Zablotsky, Benjamin; Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Anderson, Connie; Law, Paul – Behavioral Disorders, 2012
Children with developmental disabilities are at an increased risk for involvement in bullying, and children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) may be at particular risk because of challenges with social skills and difficulty maintaining friendships, yet there has been little empirical research on involvement in bullying among children with ASD.…
Descriptors: Prevention, Bullying, Autism, Structural Equation Models
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Turton, Amina M.; Umbreit, John; Mathur, Sarup R. – Behavioral Disorders, 2011
Three adolescents (ages 14-17) with emotional and behavioral disorders displayed chronic disruptive behavior in their self-contained classrooms at a self-contained alternative school. A descriptive functional behavioral assessment was conducted for each student. Data from file review, structured interviews, and direct observations were used to…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Education, Intervention, Validity, Behavior Disorders
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Montague, Marjorie; Enders, Craig; Cavendish, Wendy; Castro, Marcelo – Behavioral Disorders, 2011
The purpose of this longitudinal study was twofold: (a) to investigate academic, behavioral, and emotional outcomes for adolescents who were followed longitudinally from middle through high school and (b) to determine if early assessment of achievement and behavior predicts academic and behavioral outcomes for adolescents who were identified as at…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Emotional Problems, Intervention, At Risk Students
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Zhang, Dalun; Willson, Victor; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Barrett, David; Ju, Song; Wu, Jiun-Yu – Behavioral Disorders, 2010
Truancy remains a persistent concern, with serious consequences for the individual, family, and society, as truancy is often linked to academic failure, disengagement with school, school dropout, and delinquency. This study analyzed large-scale data covering multiple years of cohorts of delinquent youths born between 1981 and 1988. Truancy…
Descriptors: Truancy, Attendance Patterns, Delinquency, At Risk Students
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Gagnon, Joseph C.; Barber, Brian – Behavioral Disorders, 2010
Youth who are incarcerated in secure detention and commitment settings display a complex array of educational, behavioral, and mental health issues that affect the services they require, as well as their responsiveness to interventions. Yet, seldom are these needs understood or taken into account when providing services in secure care settings. In…
Descriptors: Juvenile Justice, Adolescents, Institutionalized Persons, Behavior Disorders
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Dunlap, Glen; Carr, Edward G.; Horner, Robert H.; Koegel, Robert L.; Sailor, Wayne; Clarke, Shelley; Koegel, Lynn Kern; Albin, Richard W.; Vaughn, Bobbie J.; McLaughlin, Darlene Magito; James, Kim Mullen; Todd, Anne W.; Newton, J. Stephen; Lucyshyn, Joseph; Griggs, Peter; Bohanon, Hank; Choi, Jeong Hoon; Vismara, Laurie; Minjarez, Mendy Boettcher; Buschbacher, Pamelazita; Fox, Lise – Behavioral Disorders, 2010
A major goal of positive behavior support (PBS) is to produce broad-based, long-term improvements in adaptive behavior; however, the empirical base, at present, is mainly composed of relatively short-term studies carried out in circumscribed contexts. Therefore, a need exists for reliable data that can inform the field regarding the comprehensive…
Descriptors: Intervention, Quality of Life, Behavior Modification, Rating Scales
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Mason, Linda H.; Kubina, Richard M., Jr.; Valasa, Lauren L.; Cramer, Anne Mong – Behavioral Disorders, 2010
A multiprobe multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of strategy instruction in persuasive quick writing with 5 seventh- and eighth-grade students who attended a county alternative placement school for students with severe emotional and behavioral disabilities. Students were taught to plan and write a 10-minute persuasive…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Instructional Effectiveness, Writing Instruction, Behavior Disorders
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Mattison, Richard E.; Schneider, Jayne – Behavioral Disorders, 2009
Students new to a self-contained middle school for students with emotional disturbance (ED) were followed during their first year to assess the effectiveness of the program on school functioning and psychopathology. Measures for academic functioning (grade point average and subject failures), attendance (absenteeism and lateness), and disciplinary…
Descriptors: Suspension, Grade Point Average, Emotional Disturbances, Hyperactivity
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Griffith, Annette K.; Trout, Alexandra L.; Hagaman, Jessica L.; Harper, John – Behavioral Disorders, 2008
This review examines interventions intended to improve the literacy functioning of adolescent students with emotional and/or behavior disorders. Seventeen studies met inclusion criteria and included a variety of interventions designed to affect a variety of literacy areas, including spelling, writing, and reading fluency. Findings from these…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Fluency, Behavior Disorders, Emotional Disturbances
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Crews, S. Dean; Bender, Hermine; Vanderwood, Mike; Cook, Clayton R.; Gresham, Frank M.; Kern, Lee – Behavioral Disorders, 2007
Professionals working with children who have severe emotional/behavioral disorders (E/BD) need to understand the risk and protective factors (RPFs) that are correlated with the development of these behavior patterns, for at least 3 reasons. First, significant numbers of students experience negative outcomes or fail to achieve positive outcomes.…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Behavior Disorders, Adolescents, Emotional Disturbances
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Forness, Steven R.; Freeman, Stephanny F. N.; Paparella, Tanya – Behavioral Disorders, 2006
Although many psychopharmacologic treatments and behavioral or cognitive behavioral interventions have been established as evidence-based practices, they have seldom been directly compared to one another as to outcome in children with emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD). In this paper, we present findings from 6 recent randomized clinical…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Behavior Disorders, Anxiety, Attention Deficit Disorders
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