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Birch, Rachael C.; Foley, Kitty-Rose; Pollack, Allan; Britt, Helena; Lennox, Nicholas; Trollor, Julian N. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with high rates of co-occurring health conditions. While elevated prescription rates of psychotropic medications have been reported in the United Kingdom and the United States, there is a paucity of research investigating clinical and prescribing practices in Australia. This study describes the problems…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries, Drug Therapy
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Pijl, Mirjam K. J.; Buitelaar, Jan K.; de Korte, Manon W. P.; Rommelse, Nanda N. J.; Oosterling, Iris J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The importance of early detection of autism spectrum disorder followed by early intervention is increasingly recognized. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the long-term effects of a program for the early detection of autism spectrum disorder (consisting of training of professionals and use of a referral protocol and screening instrument), to…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Identification, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Maddox, Brenna B.; Cleary, Patrick; Kuschner, Emily S.; Miller, Judith S.; Armour, Anna Chelsea; Guy, Lisa; Kenworthy, Lauren; Schultz, Robert T.; Yerys, Benjamin E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Many children with autism spectrum disorder display challenging behaviors. These behaviors are not limited to those with cognitive and/or language impairments. The Collaborative and Proactive Solutions framework proposes that challenging behaviors result from an incompatibility between environmental demands and a child's "lagging…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Behavior Problems
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George, Rita; Stokes, Mark A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Clinical impressions indicate that there is an overrepresentation of gender-dysphoria within the autism spectrum disorder. However, little is presently known about the demographics of gender-identity issues in autism spectrum disorder. Based upon what little is known, we hypothesized that there would be an increased prevalence of gender-dysphoria…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Issues, Sexual Identity
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Tint, Ami; Weiss, Jonathan A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
It is recognized that the experiences of women with autism spectrum disorder are often underrepresented in the literature. In this study, 20 women with autism spectrum disorder participated in five focus groups with discussions centered on their service use, unmet service needs, and barriers to care. Overall, women emphasized high unmet service…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Females, Needs
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Beadle-Brown, Julie; Wilkinson, David; Richardson, Lisa; Shaughnessy, Nicola; Trimingham, Melissa; Leigh, Jennifer; Whelton, Beckie; Himmerich, Julian – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
We report the feasibility of a novel, school-based intervention, coined 'Imagining Autism', in which children with autism engage with drama practitioners though participatory play and improvisation in a themed multi-sensory 'pod' resembling a portable, tent-like structure. A total of 22 children, aged 7-12 years, from three UK schools engaged in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Drama, Intervention
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Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Stadnick, Nicole; Chlebowski, Colby; Baker-Ericzén, Mary; Ganger, William – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Publicly funded mental health programs play a significant role in serving children with autism spectrum disorder. Understanding patterns of psychiatric comorbidity for this population within mental health settings is important to implement appropriately tailored interventions. This study (1) describes patterns of psychiatric comorbidity in…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Services, Mental Health Programs, Comorbidity, Children
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Penner, Melanie; Anagnostou, Evdokia; Andoni, Lana Y.; Ungar, Wendy J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Guides, Clinical Diagnosis
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Hedley, Darren; Cai, Ru; Uljarevic, Mirko; Wilmot, Mathilda; Spoor, Jennifer R.; Richdale, Amanda; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
To improve employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder, it is necessary to identify factors associated with successful transition to work from the perspectives of the individual and from those who work with or support them. This study involved focus groups with adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 9) participating in a 3-year…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Focus Groups
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Vella, Lydia; Ring, Howard A.; Aitken, Mike R. F.; Watson, Peter C.; Presland, Alexander; Clare, Isabel C. H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38…
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults
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Galpin, James; Barratt, Penny; Ashcroft, Edward; Greathead, Scot; Kenny, Lorcan; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Much research has documented the elevated levels of stress experienced by families of autistic children. Yet remarkably little research has examined the types of support that these families perceive to be beneficial to their lives. This study, co-produced by researchers and school-based professionals, sought to establish these families' support…
Descriptors: Family Needs, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Callander, Emily J.; Lindsay, Daniel B. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Parental employment is a significant factor in ensuring financial ability to access care for children with autism spectrum disorder. This article aimed to identify the influence of autism spectrum disorder on parental employment and whether childcare access may effect labour force participation using the "Longitudinal Survey of Australian…
Descriptors: Employed Parents, Employment Level, Children, Autism
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Shepherd, Daniel; Landon, Jason; Goedeke, Sonja – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This exploratory study assessed the relationships between autism spectrum disorder symptoms, caregiver stress and intervention helpfulness, using parent (n = 182) ratings. Advocacy and intervention-related tasks were rated more stressful than support tasks (e.g. toileting, mealtimes), indicating that advocacy is emerging as a major caregiver task…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Foreign Countries
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Soke, Gnakub Norbert; Rosenberg, Steven A.; Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson; Vasa, Roma A.; Lee, Li-Ching; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
We assessed potential factors associated with "current" or "ever" self-injurious behaviors, reported in the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, among children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 692) from the Study to Explore Early Development. Data on factors examined were obtained from questionnaires, standardized clinical…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities
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Constable, Paul A.; Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Bowler, Dermot M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Cognitive Ability, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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