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Baker-Ericzén, Mary J.; Fitch, Meghan A.; Kinnear, Mikaela; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Twamley, Elizabeth W.; Smith, Linda; Montano, Gabriel; Feder, Joshua; Crooke, Pamela J.; Winner, Michelle G.; Leon, Juan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Supported Employment
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Bhat, Anjana N.; Srinivasan, Sudha M.; Woxholdt, Colleen; Shield, Aaron – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Children with autism spectrum disorder present with a variety of social communication deficits such as atypicalities in social gaze and verbal and non-verbal communication delays as well as perceptuo-motor deficits like motor incoordination and dyspraxia. In this study, we had the unique opportunity to study praxis performance in deaf children…
Descriptors: Deafness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Severity (of Disability)
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Matthews, Nicole L.; Goldberg, Wendy A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The two prior studies that have examined associations between the sibling constellation and theory of mind in autism spectrum disorder yielded discrepant findings. Thus, efforts to better understand the sibling-theory of mind link in autism spectrum disorder are necessary. This study examined a sample of prekindergarten- and kindergarten-aged…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Mihaila, Iulia; Hartley, Sigan L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study explored the impact of parental sleep quality on the experience of behavior problems by children with autism spectrum disorder. A 14-day daily diary was used in a sample of 176 mother-father couples. Dyadic multilevel models were conducted to examine the between-person and within-person effects of previous-night sleep quality on…
Descriptors: Parents, Sleep, Children, Autism
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Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Bryson, Susan; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study examined whether a novel parent-report questionnaire, the Autism Parent Screen for Infants, could differentiate infants subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder from a high-risk cohort (siblings of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (n = 66)) from high-risk and low-risk comparison infants (no family history of…
Descriptors: Autism, Infants, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Nakahachi, Takayuki; Stickley, Andrew; Ishitobi, Makoto; Kamio, Yoko – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Acoustics
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Bachmann, Christian J.; Gerste, Bettina; Hoffmann, Falk – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
For Germany, no data on trends in autism spectrum disorder diagnoses are available. The primary aim of this study was to establish the time trends in the administrative prevalence of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses. The second aim was to assess the stability of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses over time. We analysed administrative outpatient…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Incidence
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Zajic, Matthew C.; McIntyre, Nancy; Swain-Lerro, Lindsay; Novotny, Stephanie; Oswald, Tasha; Mundy, Peter – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
High-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders often find writing challenging. These writing difficulties may be specific to autism spectrum disorder or to a more general clinical effect of attention disturbance, as these children are often comorbid for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology (and children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Writing Difficulties, Attention Control
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Shire, Stephanie Y.; Shih, Wendy; Chang, Ya-Chih; Kasari, Connie – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Children with autism spectrum disorder experience delays in the development of nonverbal social communication gestures to request and to share (joint attention) as well as play skills such that intervention is required. Although such tools exist in research settings, community stakeholders also require access to brief, simple, and reliable tools…
Descriptors: Play, Communication Skills, Interpersonal Communication, Preschool Children
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Benson, Paul R. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Employing a cohort sequential design and multilevel modeling, the effects of child and family stressors and maternal depressed mood on the self-rated health of 110 mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed over a 12-year period when children in the study were 7-19 years old. Findings indicate a significant decline in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mothers, Children
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Law, Gloria C.; Neihart, Maureen; Dutt, Anuradha – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Communication intervention in early life can significantly impact long-term outcomes for young children with autism. Parents can be vital resources in the midst of the current manpower shortage. "Map4speech" is a new mobile application developed for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. It is specially designed to provide…
Descriptors: Parent Education, Handheld Devices, Electronic Learning, Intervention
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Lee, Michelle; Martin, Gary E.; Hogan, Abigail; Hano, Deanna; Gordon, Peter C.; Losh, Molly – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate narrative (i.e. storytelling) difficulties which can significantly impact their ability to form and maintain social relationships. However, existing research has not comprehensively documented these impairments in more open-ended, emotionally evocative situations common to daily interactions.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Story Telling, Personal Narratives
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Chao, Kuo-Yu; Chang, Hsueh-Ling; Chin, Wei-Chih; Li, Hsin-Mei; Chen, Sue-Hsien – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
An autism spectrum disorder can result in considerable stress and confusion for parents as they attempt to understand their child's problems and obtain a diagnosis. Few studies have explored the parental experience in the context of Chinese culture. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of parents in Taiwan of children…
Descriptors: Parents, Children, Foreign Countries, Qualitative Research
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de Vries, Marieke; Verdam, Mathilde G. E.; Prins, Pier J. M.; Schmand, Ben A.; Geurts, Hilde M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Previously, a total of 121 children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) performed an adaptive working memory (WM)-training, an adaptive flexibility-training, or a non-adaptive control (mock)-training. Despite overall improvement, there were minor differences between the adaptive and mock-training conditions. Moreover, dropout was relatively…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Short Term Memory, Training
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Koffer Miller, Kaitlin H.; Mathew, Mary; Nonnemacher, Stacy L.; Shea, Lindsay L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
A growing number of individuals with autism spectrum disorder are aging into adulthood. In the United States, Medicaid is the primary payer for services for adults with autism spectrum disorder, yet there are few funded programs that provide dedicated supports to this population. This study examined the experiences of adults with autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Experience
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