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Tchanturia, Kate; Adamson, James; Leppanen, Jenni; Westwood, Heather – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated links between anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder however, few studies have examined the possible impact of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder on clinical outcomes in anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study was to examine the association between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and eating…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eating Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Shivers, Carolyn M.; McGregor, Casey; Hough, Ashlea – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Despite the prevalence of studies showing increased stress among mothers of individuals with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have examined general stress among typically developing siblings. This study used an online survey to compare the levels of self-reported stress between adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Siblings, Anxiety, Autism
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Epstein, Amy; Whitehouse, Andrew; Williams, Katrina; Murphy, Nada; Leonard, Helen; Davis, Elise; Reddihough, Dinah; Downs, Jenny – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Domains of quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder have not previously been explored and there has been no quality of life measure developed for this population. Our study investigated parent observations to identify the domains important to children with autism spectrum disorder who also had an intellectual disability. In all,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Quality of Life, Children
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Tilahun, Dejene; Fekadu, Abebaw; Tekola, Bethlehem; Araya, Mesfin; Roth, Ilona; Davey, Basiro; Hanlon, Charlotte; Hoekstra, Rosa A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
There is a severe shortage of services for children with autism in Ethiopia; access to services is further impeded by negative beliefs and stigmatising attitudes towards affected children and their families. To increase access to services, care provision is decentralised through task-shifted care by community health extension workers. This study…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Access to Health Care, Training
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Suhaib, Fatima; Saeed, Asfia; Gul, Hashmat; Kaleem, Muhammad – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dental Health, Children, Autism
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Accardo, Amy L.; Finnegan, Elizabeth G. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Students with autism spectrum disorder have been found to experience difficulty with reading comprehension despite intact decoding and word recognition. This identified need for targeted reading comprehension remediation results in a need for teachers to utilize research-based practices and to individualize instruction for students with autism…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction
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Williams, Emma I.; Gleeson, Kate; Jones, Bridget E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept, Interpersonal Relationship
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Nevill, Rose; Hedley, Darren; Uljarevic, Mirko; Sahin, Ensu; Zadek, Johanna; Butter, Eric; Mulick, James A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Language Skills
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Pickard, Katherine; Rowless, Seth; Ingersoll, Brooke – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Within the autism spectrum disorder field, rates of attrition in parent-mediated interventions have highlighted the need to engage families around improving the delivery of these services. The primary goal of this study was to approximate the impact of adaptations to an evidence-based, parent-mediated intervention, Project ImPACT (Improving…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Role, Intervention
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Woynaroski, Tiffany; Louick, Rebecca; Stringer Keefe, Elizabeth; Watson, Linda R.; Yoder, Paul J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
We examined differences between children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children over an 8-month period in: (a) longitudinal associations between expressive and receptive vocabulary and (b) the extent to which caregiver utterances provided within an "optimal" engagement state mediated the pathway from early…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Vocabulary, Receptive Language
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Baker, Emma K.; Richdale, Amanda L.; Hazi, Agnes – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Both sleep problems and unemployment are common in adults with autism spectrum disorder; however, little research has explored this relationship in this population. This study aimed to explore factors that may be associated with the presence of an International Classification of Sleep Disorders--Third Edition defined sleep disorder in adults with…
Descriptors: Employment Level, Sleep, Adults, Autism
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Bak, Moon Young Savana; Plavnick, Joshua B.; Byrne, Sarah M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Little is known about the language trajectories of minimally verbal school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders. The present investigation conducted observations across two elementary schools over an entire school year to analyze the vocal language development of nine minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Ability, Language Acquisition, Children
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Wigham, Sarah; Rodgers, Jacqui; Berney, Tom; Le Couteur, Ann; Ingham, Barry; Parr, Jeremy R. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Accurately diagnosing autism spectrum disorders in adulthood can be challenging. Structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures are frequently used to assist case recognition and diagnosis. This study reviewed research evidence on structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures published since the National Institute for Health and Care…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Questionnaires, Diagnostic Tests, Clinical Diagnosis
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Munkhaugen, Ellen Kathrine; Torske, Tonje; Gjevik, Elen; Naerland, Terje; Pripp, Are Hugo; Diseth, Trond H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Zhou, Vanessa; Munson, Jeffrey A.; Greenson, Jessica; Hou, Yan; Rogers, Sally; Estes, Annette M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Early Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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