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Montiel-Nava, Cecilia; Chacín, José A.; González-Ávila, Zoila – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Latino children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder later in life, usually with more severe symptoms, and lower IQs, compared with non-Latino children. Possible reasons for such disparities could be due to lower levels of parent education, lower socioeconomic status, limited knowledge of parents about autism spectrum disorder, and…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Samms-Vaughan, Maureen; Rahbar, Mohammad H.; Dickerson, Aisha S.; Loveland, Katherine A.; Hessabi, Manouchehr; Pearson, Deborah A.; Bressler, Jan; Shakespeare-Pellington, Sydonnie; Grove, Megan L.; Coore-Desai, Charlene; Reece, Jody; Boerwinkle, Eric – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The administration requirements of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, widely used in high-income countries, make them less feasible for diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in low- and middle-income countries. The flexible administration requirements of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale have…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Observation
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Smith, Lesia; Malcolm-Smith, Susan; de Vries, Petrus J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 is the "gold standard" autism spectrum disorder observational assessment, and it is increasingly used in South Africa. However, its use is limited to English speakers, as it has not been translated into the country's other 10 official languages. Moreover, the cultural appropriateness of this tool…
Descriptors: Autism, Observation, Diagnostic Tests, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Stewart, Lydia A.; Lee, Li-Ching – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
This review contributes to the growing body of global autism spectrum disorder literature by examining the use of screening instruments in low- and middle-income countries with respect to study design and methodology, instrument adaptation and performance, and collaboration with community stakeholders in research. A systematic review was conducted…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Screening Tests
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Bagaiolo, Leila F.; Mari, Jair de J.; Bordini, Daniela; Ribeiro, Tatiane C.; Martone, Maria Carolina C.; Caetano, Sheila C.; Brunoni, Decio; Brentani, Helena; Paula, Cristiane S. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Video modeling using applied behavior analysis techniques is one of the most promising and cost-effective ways to improve social skills for parents with autism spectrum disorder children. The main objectives were: (1) To elaborate/describe videos to improve eye contact and joint attention, and to decrease disruptive behaviors of autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Modeling (Psychology), Skill Development, Interpersonal Competence
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Blake, Jasmine M.; Rubenstein, Eric; Tsai, Peng-Chou; Rahman, Hafizur; Rieth, Sarah R.; Ali, Hasmot; Lee, Li-Ching – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Low- and middle-income countries often have limited resources, underdeveloped health systems and scarce knowledge of autism spectrum disorder. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop and adapt intervention materials and to train a native clinician to implement a community-based parent-mediated behavioural intervention in rural…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries
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Chu, Ching-Lin; Chiang, Chung-Hsin; Wu, Chin-Chin; Hou, Yuh-Ming; Liu, Jiun-Horng – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Chiayi is a rural county located in southwestern Taiwan, and the effectiveness of its early intervention service system for autism spectrum disorders was studied in detail. A total of 71 children with autism spectrum disorders (n = 35) and developmental delay (n = 36) aged 2.5 years were referred from the only Early Intervention Reporting and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Areas, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tsai, Peng-Chou; Harrington, Rebecca A.; Lung, For-Wey; Lee, Li-Ching – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The Social Communication Questionnaire is one of the most commonly used screening tools for autism spectrum disorder. The Social Communication Questionnaire is a caregiver-reported questionnaire with 40 items based on questions from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. This study collected Social Communication Questionnaire data from a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Screening Tests, Autism
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Green, Adam E.; Kenworthy, Lauren; Gallagher, Natalie M.; Antezana, Ligia; Mosner, Maya G.; Krieg, Samantha; Dudley, Katherina; Ratto, Allison; Yerys, Benjamin E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Analogical reasoning is an important mechanism for social cognition in typically developing children, and recent evidence suggests that some forms of analogical reasoning may be preserved in autism spectrum disorder. An unanswered question is whether children with autism spectrum disorder can apply analogical reasoning to social information. In…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Abstract Reasoning, Comparative Analysis
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Höfer, Juliana; Hoffmann, Falk; Bachmann, Christian – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Despite limited evidence, complementary and alternative medicine treatments are popular in autism spectrum disorder. The aim of this review was to summarize the available evidence on complementary and alternative medicine use frequency in autism spectrum disorder. A systematic search of three electronic databases was performed. All research…
Descriptors: Autism, Incidence, Dietetics, Medicine
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Heys, Michelle; Alexander, Amy; Medeiros, Emilie; Tumbahangphe, Kirti M.; Gibbons, Felicity; Shrestha, Rita; Manandhar, Mangala; Wickenden, Mary; Shrestha, Merina; Costello, Anthony; Manandhar, Dharma; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Autism is a global phenomenon. Yet, there is a dearth of knowledge of how it is understood and its impact in low-income countries. We examined parents' and professionals' understanding of autism in one low-income country, Nepal. We conducted focus groups and semi-structured interviews with parents of autistic and non-autistic children and…
Descriptors: Parents, Autism, Foreign Countries, Focus Groups
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Maddox, Brenna B.; Trubanova, Andrea; White, Susan W. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Recent studies have examined non-suicidal self-injury in community and clinical samples, but there is no published research on non-suicidal self-injury in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. This lack of research is surprising, since individuals with autism spectrum disorder have high rates of risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury,…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Online Surveys
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Spaulding, Christine J.; Lerner, Matthew D.; Gadow, Kenneth D. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Relatively little is known about patterns of school-based supportive services for youth with autism spectrum disorder. This study describes these supportive services and their correlates, both cross-sectionally and retrospectively, in a large sample (N = 283) of 6- to 18-year-old youth. To assess whether special education designation and classroom…
Descriptors: Correlation, Related Services (Special Education), Accessibility (for Disabled), Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While there is a general consensus in the literature that individuals with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with cognitive empathy, much less is known about emotional empathy processing in these individuals. Most research has employed subjective self-report measures, which can often be misinterpreted or under-reported/over-reported. More…
Descriptors: Empathy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Response
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Dickerson, Aisha S.; Rahbar, Mohammad H.; Pearson, Deborah A.; Kirby, Russell S.; Bakian, Amanda V.; Bilder, Deborah A.; Harrington, Rebecca A.; Pettygrove, Sydney; Zahorodny, Walter M.; Moyé, Lemuel A.; Durkin, Maureen; Slay Wingate, Martha – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Socioeconomic Status, Multivariate Analysis
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