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Showing 1 to 15 of 79 results Save | Export
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Smerbeck, A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Restricted interests are an established diagnostic symptom of autism spectrum disorder. While there is considerable evidence that these interests have maladaptive consequences, they also provide a range of benefits. This article introduces a new instrument, the Survey of Favorite Interests and Activities, and uses it to examine the nature of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interests, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Pathak, Manina; Bennett, Amanda; Shui, Amy M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior
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Kelly, Brian; Williams, Stefan; Collins, Sylvie; Mushtaq, Faisal; Mon-Williams, Mark; Wright, Barry; Mason, Dan; Wright, John – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
There has been recent interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status and the diagnosis of autism in children. Studies in the United States have found lower rates of autism diagnosis associated with lower socioeconomic status, while studies in other countries report no association, or the opposite. This article aims to contribute to the…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Correlation
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Sasson, Noah J.; Morrison, Kerrianne E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
A practical consideration for many intellectually able adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is whether to disclose their diagnostic status or try to mask their autistic characteristics to avoid judgment and discrimination. Here, we assessed first impressions of adults with ASD and typically developing controls (N = 40) made by typically…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Disclosure (Individuals)
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Shivers, Carolyn M.; McGregor, Casey; Hough, Ashlea – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Despite the prevalence of studies showing increased stress among mothers of individuals with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have examined general stress among typically developing siblings. This study used an online survey to compare the levels of self-reported stress between adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Siblings, Anxiety, Autism
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Rubenstein, Eric; Wiggins, Lisa D.; Schieve, Laura A.; Bradley, Chyrise; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Moody, Eric; Pandey, Juhi; Pretzel, Rebecca Edmondson; Howard, Annie Green; Olshan, Andrew F.; Pence, Brian W.; Daniels, Julie – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The autism spectrum disorder phenotype varies by social and communication ability and co-occurring developmental, behavioral, and medical conditions. Etiology is also diverse, with myriad potential genetic origins and environmental risk factors. Examining the influence of parental broader autism phenotype--a set of sub-clinical characteristics of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents, Young Children
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Bachmann, Christian J.; Gerste, Bettina; Hoffmann, Falk – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
For Germany, no data on trends in autism spectrum disorder diagnoses are available. The primary aim of this study was to establish the time trends in the administrative prevalence of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses. The second aim was to assess the stability of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses over time. We analysed administrative outpatient…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Incidence
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Suzuki, Tomoko; Miyaki, Koichi; Eguchi, Hisashi; Tsutsumi, Akizumi – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study aimed to confirm whether autistic traits are normally distributed across a population and to describe their association with the sociodemographic characteristics of Japanese workers. The participants were 2075 workers aged 23-65 years from various parts of Japan. Autistic traits were measured using an abridged Japanese version of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Yang, Jie; Lee, Jonathan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Previous studies have found that individuals with autism spectrum disorders show impairments in mentalizing processes and aberrant brain activity compared with typically developing participants. However, the findings are mainly from male participants and the aberrant effects in autism spectrum disorder females and sex differences are still…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Fink, Elian; Olthof, Tjeert; Goossens, Frits; van der Meijden, Sandra; Begeer, Sander – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study examined the association between peer-reported bullying-related behaviours (bully, victim, outsider and defender), age, gender, autism severity and teacher-rated emotional and behavioural problems in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, using a multi-informant approach. The sample comprised 120 adolescents (11% girls, M[subscript…
Descriptors: Bullying, Adolescents, Autism, Severity (of Disability)
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Tsai, Peng-Chou; Harrington, Rebecca A.; Lung, For-Wey; Lee, Li-Ching – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The Social Communication Questionnaire is one of the most commonly used screening tools for autism spectrum disorder. The Social Communication Questionnaire is a caregiver-reported questionnaire with 40 items based on questions from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. This study collected Social Communication Questionnaire data from a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Screening Tests, Autism
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Ecker, Christine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, which is accompanied by differences in brain anatomy, functioning and brain connectivity. Due to its neurodevelopmental character, and the large phenotypic heterogeneity among individuals on the autism spectrum, the neurobiology of autism spectrum disorder is inherently difficult…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Harrop, Clare; Green, Jonathan; Hudry, Kristelle – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While sex differences in play have been extensively observed in typical development, only a handful of studies have explored this phenomenon in depth with children with autism spectrum disorders. This study explored sex differences in play complexity and toy engagement within caregiver-child interaction samples for preschool-aged children (2-5…
Descriptors: Play, Toys, Preschool Children, Autism
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Hull, Laura; Mandy, William; Petrides, K. V. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Studies assessing sex/gender differences in autism spectrum conditions often fail to include typically developing control groups. It is, therefore, unclear whether observed sex/gender differences reflect those found in the general population or are particular to autism spectrum conditions. A systematic search identified articles comparing…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Females, Males, Gender Differences
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Frazier, Thomas W.; Hardan, Antonio Y. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
This study investigated equivalence of autism symptom domains in males and females with autism. Symptom data were obtained from 2643 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (352 females, 2291 males; age range = 4-17 years) included in the Simons Simplex Collection. Items from the Social Responsiveness Scale and Autism Diagnostic…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Autism, Children, Adolescents
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