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Showing 1 to 15 of 118 results Save | Export
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Baker, Emma K.; Richdale, Amanda L.; Hazi, Agnes – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Both sleep problems and unemployment are common in adults with autism spectrum disorder; however, little research has explored this relationship in this population. This study aimed to explore factors that may be associated with the presence of an International Classification of Sleep Disorders--Third Edition defined sleep disorder in adults with…
Descriptors: Employment Level, Sleep, Adults, Autism
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Wigham, Sarah; Rodgers, Jacqui; Berney, Tom; Le Couteur, Ann; Ingham, Barry; Parr, Jeremy R. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Accurately diagnosing autism spectrum disorders in adulthood can be challenging. Structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures are frequently used to assist case recognition and diagnosis. This study reviewed research evidence on structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures published since the National Institute for Health and Care…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Questionnaires, Diagnostic Tests, Clinical Diagnosis
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Nah, Yong-Hwee; Young, Robyn L.; Brewer, Neil – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
While autism spectrum disorder screening tools provide a useful resource for practitioners, the reality is they are underused. The justifications often provided include the time required for administration and the training involved. A brief tool with good psychometric properties that require minimal training is required. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Screening Tests
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The newest edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Campbell, Kathleen; Carpenter, Kimberly L. H.; Hashemi, Jordan; Espinosa, Steven; Marsan, Samuel; Borg, Jana Schaich; Chang, Zhuoqing; Qiu, Qiang; Vermeer, Saritha; Adler, Elizabeth; Tepper, Mariano; Egger, Helen L.; Baker, Jeffery P.; Sapiro, Guillermo; Dawson, Geraldine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
To demonstrate the capability of computer vision analysis to detect atypical orienting and attention behaviors in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder. One hundred and four toddlers of 16-31 months old (mean = 22) participated in this study. Twenty-two of the toddlers had autism spectrum disorder and 82 had typical development or developmental…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers, Video Technology
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Vogan, Vanessa M.; Morgan, Benjamin R.; Smith, Mary Lou; Taylor, Margot J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study examined functional changes longitudinally over 2 years in neural correlates associated with working memory in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder, and the impact of increasing cognitive load. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging and a visuo-spatial 1-back task with four levels of difficulty. A total of 14 children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Short Term Memory, Difficulty Level
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Goodwin, Anthony; Matthews, Nicole L.; Smith, Christopher J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Despite efforts to detect autism spectrum disorder during toddlerhood, many children with autism spectrum disorder remain undiagnosed until school age. To identify characteristics of children whose autism spectrum disorder might not be diagnosed during toddlerhood, this study used archived Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised records to examine the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Children
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Janvier, Yvette M.; Coffield, Caroline N.; Harris, Jill F.; Mandell, David S.; Cidav, Zuleyha – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder from low-income, minority families or those with limited English proficiency are diagnosed at a later age, or not at all, compared with their more advantaged peers. The Developmental Check-In is a new tool that could potentially be used to screen for autism that uses pictures to illustrate target behaviors.…
Descriptors: Identification, Screening Tests, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bhat, Anjana N.; Srinivasan, Sudha M.; Woxholdt, Colleen; Shield, Aaron – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Children with autism spectrum disorder present with a variety of social communication deficits such as atypicalities in social gaze and verbal and non-verbal communication delays as well as perceptuo-motor deficits like motor incoordination and dyspraxia. In this study, we had the unique opportunity to study praxis performance in deaf children…
Descriptors: Deafness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Severity (of Disability)
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Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Bryson, Susan; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study examined whether a novel parent-report questionnaire, the Autism Parent Screen for Infants, could differentiate infants subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder from a high-risk cohort (siblings of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (n = 66)) from high-risk and low-risk comparison infants (no family history of…
Descriptors: Autism, Infants, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Nakahachi, Takayuki; Stickley, Andrew; Ishitobi, Makoto; Kamio, Yoko – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Acoustics
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Zajic, Matthew C.; McIntyre, Nancy; Swain-Lerro, Lindsay; Novotny, Stephanie; Oswald, Tasha; Mundy, Peter – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
High-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders often find writing challenging. These writing difficulties may be specific to autism spectrum disorder or to a more general clinical effect of attention disturbance, as these children are often comorbid for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology (and children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Writing Difficulties, Attention Control
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Lee, Michelle; Martin, Gary E.; Hogan, Abigail; Hano, Deanna; Gordon, Peter C.; Losh, Molly – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate narrative (i.e. storytelling) difficulties which can significantly impact their ability to form and maintain social relationships. However, existing research has not comprehensively documented these impairments in more open-ended, emotionally evocative situations common to daily interactions.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Story Telling, Personal Narratives
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Hickey, Emily J.; Dubois, Lindsay; Hartley, Sigan L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
When faced with child-related challenges associated with autism spectrum disorder, positive and negative social exchanges may be critical to parents' psychological well-being. This study examined the types and sources of positive and negative social exchanges reported by mothers and fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder and their…
Descriptors: Social Exchange Theory, Fathers, Mothers, Children
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Vella, Lydia; Ring, Howard A.; Aitken, Mike R. F.; Watson, Peter C.; Presland, Alexander; Clare, Isabel C. H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38…
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults
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