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Smerbeck, A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Restricted interests are an established diagnostic symptom of autism spectrum disorder. While there is considerable evidence that these interests have maladaptive consequences, they also provide a range of benefits. This article introduces a new instrument, the Survey of Favorite Interests and Activities, and uses it to examine the nature of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interests, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Pathak, Manina; Bennett, Amanda; Shui, Amy M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior
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Chetcuti, Lacey; Hudry, Kristelle; Grant, Megan; Vivanti, Giacomo – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
We examined the role of social motivation and motor execution factors in object-directed imitation difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. A series of to-be-imitated actions was presented to 35 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing children on an Apple® iPad® by a "socially responsive" or "aloof"…
Descriptors: Imitation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Saloner, Brendan; Barry, Colleen L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Almost all states have insurance coverage mandates for childhood autism spectrum disorder treatment, yet little is known about how mandates affect spending and service use. We evaluated a 2011 Kansas law mandating comprehensive coverage of autism spectrum disorder treatments in the State Employee Health Plan. Data were extracted from the Kansas…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Health Insurance, State Legislation
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Fletcher-Watson, Sue; Larsen, Kenneth; Salomone, Erica – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Engagement with stakeholders is an essential part of the research process. This is particularly the case for early autism research with infant cohorts and their families, where a range of ethical issues are pertinent. Here, we report on a large survey of parents who have a child on the autism spectrum (n = 1040) which specifically probed attitudes…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Pispa, Päivi; Helminen, Mika; Salmelin, Raili; Pelkonen, Erja; Juujärvi, Petri; Kessler, Esther B.; Skuse, David H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched…
Descriptors: Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Epstein, Amy; Whitehouse, Andrew; Williams, Katrina; Murphy, Nada; Leonard, Helen; Davis, Elise; Reddihough, Dinah; Downs, Jenny – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Domains of quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder have not previously been explored and there has been no quality of life measure developed for this population. Our study investigated parent observations to identify the domains important to children with autism spectrum disorder who also had an intellectual disability. In all,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Quality of Life, Children
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Suhaib, Fatima; Saeed, Asfia; Gul, Hashmat; Kaleem, Muhammad – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dental Health, Children, Autism
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Williams, Emma I.; Gleeson, Kate; Jones, Bridget E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept, Interpersonal Relationship
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Nevill, Rose; Hedley, Darren; Uljarevic, Mirko; Sahin, Ensu; Zadek, Johanna; Butter, Eric; Mulick, James A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Language Skills
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Woynaroski, Tiffany; Louick, Rebecca; Stringer Keefe, Elizabeth; Watson, Linda R.; Yoder, Paul J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
We examined differences between children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children over an 8-month period in: (a) longitudinal associations between expressive and receptive vocabulary and (b) the extent to which caregiver utterances provided within an "optimal" engagement state mediated the pathway from early…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Vocabulary, Receptive Language
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Bak, Moon Young Savana; Plavnick, Joshua B.; Byrne, Sarah M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Little is known about the language trajectories of minimally verbal school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders. The present investigation conducted observations across two elementary schools over an entire school year to analyze the vocal language development of nine minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Ability, Language Acquisition, Children
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Zhou, Vanessa; Munson, Jeffrey A.; Greenson, Jessica; Hou, Yan; Rogers, Sally; Estes, Annette M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Early Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tse, Andy C. Y. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Inability to acquire a new motor skill is a common motor difficulty in children with autism spectrum disorder. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the motor learning benefits of an external focus of attention for typically developing children and children with intellectual disabilities could also be applied to children with autism…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Psychomotor Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Nah, Yong-Hwee; Young, Robyn L.; Brewer, Neil – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
While autism spectrum disorder screening tools provide a useful resource for practitioners, the reality is they are underused. The justifications often provided include the time required for administration and the training involved. A brief tool with good psychometric properties that require minimal training is required. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Screening Tests
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