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Showing 1 to 15 of 118 results Save | Export
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Smerbeck, A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Restricted interests are an established diagnostic symptom of autism spectrum disorder. While there is considerable evidence that these interests have maladaptive consequences, they also provide a range of benefits. This article introduces a new instrument, the Survey of Favorite Interests and Activities, and uses it to examine the nature of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interests, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Donohue, Meghan Rose; Childs, Amber W.; Richards, Megan; Robins, Diana L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Racial differences in parent report of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed autism spectrum disorder diagnoses in Black children. We tested the hypotheses that compared to White parents, Black parents of children with autism spectrum disorder would report fewer concerns about autism symptoms…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Racial Differences, Parents
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Shivers, Carolyn M.; McGregor, Casey; Hough, Ashlea – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Despite the prevalence of studies showing increased stress among mothers of individuals with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have examined general stress among typically developing siblings. This study used an online survey to compare the levels of self-reported stress between adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Siblings, Anxiety, Autism
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Munkhaugen, Ellen Kathrine; Torske, Tonje; Gjevik, Elen; Naerland, Terje; Pripp, Are Hugo; Diseth, Trond H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The newest edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Wayment, Heidi A.; Al-Kire, Rosemary; Brookshire, Kristina – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Posttraumatic growth theory posits that when life circumstances are perceived as stressful, secondary appraisal processes can be recruited in ways to facilitate both coping efforts and personal growth. Using a mixed-methods approach, we found mothers' most challenging experiences involved child behavior (e.g. aggression, communication, and social…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mothers, Child Rearing
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Tomeny, Theodore S.; Rankin, James A.; Baker, Lorien K.; Eldred, Sophia W.; Barry, Tammy D. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Social support can buffer against stressors often associated with having family members with autism spectrum disorder. This study included 112 parents and typically developing siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Relations between self-reported typically developing sibling emotional and behavioral problems and discrepancy between…
Descriptors: Siblings, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sibling Relationship
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Chien, Yi-Ling; Chou, Miao-Chun; Chou, Wen-Jiun; Wu, Yu-Yu; Tsai, Wen-Che; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Prenatal and perinatal factors may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. However, little is known about whether unaffected siblings of probands with autism spectrum disorder also share the phenomenon and whether the prenatal/perinatal factors are related to the clinical severity of autistic symptoms. We compared the frequency of prenatal…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Perinatal Influences, At Risk Persons, Autism
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Schulz, Samantha E.; Stevenson, Ryan A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between sensory hypersensitivity and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours associated with autism spectrum disorder and their typically-developing peers. Furthermore, the aims included the examination of the relationship across sensory modalities and various types of restricted…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Interests
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Knutsen, John; Crossman, Morgan; Perrin, James; Shui, Amy; Kuhlthau, Karen – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Compared to the social communication domain, considerably less is known about the cause, development, and impact of restricted, repetitive behaviors interests and activities in children with autism spectrum disorder, including possible sex differences. This study examined sex differences in clinically identified (Autism Diagnostic Observation…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Interests
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Carter Leno, Virginia; Vitoratou, Silia; Kent, Rachel; Charman, Tony; Chandler, Susie; Jones, Catherine RG; Happé, Francesca; Baird, Gillian; Pickles, Andrew; Simonoff, Emily – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Many young people with autism spectrum disorder display 'challenging behaviours', characterised by externalising behaviour and self-injurious behaviours. These behaviours can have a negative impact on a young person's well-being, family environment and educational achievement. However, the development of effective interventions requires greater…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Neurological Impairments
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Vivanti, Giacomo; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Duncan, Ed; Feary, Jessica; Capes, Kristy; Upson, Shannon; Bent, Catherine A.; Rogers, Sally J.; Hudry, Kristelle – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
A major topic of debate is whether children with autism spectrum disorder should be educated in inclusive or specialized settings. We examined the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of delivering the Group-Early Start Denver Model to children with autism spectrum disorder in inclusive versus specialized classrooms. We randomly assigned 44…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Program Effectiveness
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Conner, Caitlin M.; White, Susan W.; Beck, Kelly B.; Golt, Josh; Smith, Isaac C.; Mazefsky, Carla A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Emotion regulation impairments are common among individuals with autism spectrum disorder and are believed to often underlie commonly seen problems with aggression, depression, and anxiety. The Emotional Awareness and Skills Enhancement program was developed to reduce emotion regulation impairment and thereby improve behavioral disturbance, via…
Descriptors: Self Control, Emotional Response, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Sethi, Chetna; Harrop, Clare; Zhang, Wanqing; Pritchett, Jill; Whitten, Allison; Boyd, Brian A – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Restricted and repetitive behaviors are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder; however, research on the functional impact of these behaviors on the quality of life for individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families remains scarce. We conducted focus groups with parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and clinicians in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Behavior Problems
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Baker, Jason K.; Fenning, Rachel M.; Howland, Mariann A.; Huynh, David – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Associations between parent critical attitudes (a component of the Expressed Emotion construct) and behavior problems have been relatively well established in adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder, but use of systems adapted for children with autism spectrum disorder and additional investigations with younger samples are…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Child Relationship, Children
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