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Rubenstein, Eric; Wiggins, Lisa D.; Schieve, Laura A.; Bradley, Chyrise; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Moody, Eric; Pandey, Juhi; Pretzel, Rebecca Edmondson; Howard, Annie Green; Olshan, Andrew F.; Pence, Brian W.; Daniels, Julie – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The autism spectrum disorder phenotype varies by social and communication ability and co-occurring developmental, behavioral, and medical conditions. Etiology is also diverse, with myriad potential genetic origins and environmental risk factors. Examining the influence of parental broader autism phenotype--a set of sub-clinical characteristics of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents, Young Children
Hedges, Susan H.; Odom, Samuel L.; Hume, Kara; Sam, Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine how secondary students with autism spectrum disorder use technology in supportive ways. In this self-report survey study, 472 adolescents with autism spectrum disorder enrolled in high school described the forms of technology they use and purposes for which they use it. Students reported the benefits as…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology
Hume, Kara; Dykstra Steinbrenner, Jessica; Sideris, John; Smith, Leann; Kucharczyk, Suzanne; Szidon, Kate – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder have limited participation in the transition planning process, despite the link between active participation and an improvement in postsecondary education and employment outcomes. The Secondary School Success Checklist was designed to support transition planning for adolescents with autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Check Lists
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Soke, Gnakub Norbert; Rosenberg, Steven A.; Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson; Vasa, Roma A.; Lee, Li-Ching; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
We assessed potential factors associated with "current" or "ever" self-injurious behaviors, reported in the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, among children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 692) from the Study to Explore Early Development. Data on factors examined were obtained from questionnaires, standardized clinical…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities
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Failla, Michelle D.; Moana-Filho, Estephan J.; Essick, Greg K.; Baranek, Grace T.; Rogers, Baxter P.; Cascio, Carissa J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Pain assessments typically depend on self-report of the pain experience. Yet, in individuals with autism spectrum disorders, this can be an unreliable due to communication difficulties. Importantly, observations of behavioral hypo- and hyperresponsivity to pain suggest altered pain sensitivity in autism spectrum disorder. Neuroimaging may provide…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Responses
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Mussey, Joanna L.; Ginn, Nicole C.; Klinger, Laura G. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Differences in behavioral and cognitive profiles have been suggested to potentially impact the presentation of social and communication symptoms in females with autism spectrum disorder. This study examined gender differences in age of diagnosis, cognitive profiles, social communication symptomatology, and autism spectrum disorder symptom severity…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Age Differences
Ghilain, Christine S.; Parlade, Meaghan V.; McBee, Matthew T.; Coman, Drew C.; Owen, Taylor; Gutierrez, Anibal; Boyd, Brian; Odom, Samuel; Alessandri, Michael – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Joint attention, or the shared focus of attention between objects or events and a social partner, is a crucial milestone in the development of social communication and a notable area of deficit in children with autism spectrum disorder. While valid parent-report screening measures of social communication are available, the majority of these…
Descriptors: Attention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychometrics
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Bal, Vanessa Hus; Kim, So-Hyun; Cheong, Daniel; Lord, Catherine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
Daily living skills (DLS), such as personal hygiene, meal preparation, and money management, are important to independent living. Research suggests that many individuals with autism spectrum disorder exhibit impairments in daily living skills relative to their cognitive skills. This study examined predictors of daily living skills attainment and…
Descriptors: Daily Living Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Freuler, Ashley C.; Baranek, Grace T.; Tashjian, Christene; Watson, Linda R.; Crais, Elizabeth R.; Turner-Brown, Lauren M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
Background: Despite the mounting evidence of efficacy of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders, there is little research that considers the various perceptions and resources with which parents respond to the pressures and opportunities associated with participation in early intervention. Research is particularly lacking…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Behavior Modification, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Grzadzinski, Rebecca L.; Luyster, Rhiannon; Spencer, Amelia Gunn; Lord, Catherine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
Most studies examining attachment in children with autism spectrum disorder used a strange situation paradigm and have found few significant group differences between children with autism spectrum disorder and comparisons. However, these studies predominantly used formal attachment categorizations (e.g. secure vs insecure), a method that may…
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Qualitative Research
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Carr, Themba; Lord, Catherine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the stability of mothers' perceptions of the negative impact of having a child with ASD in a sample of African American and Caucasian families as their children transitioned to early adolescence. Participants were mothers and children participating in an ongoing longitudinal study of children referred for…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Lloyd, Meghann; MacDonald, Megan; Lord, Catherine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
With increased interest in the early diagnosis and treatment of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), more attention has been called to the motor skills of very young children with ASD. This study describes the gross and fine motor skills of a cross-sectional group of 162 children with ASD between the ages of 12 and 36 months, as well as…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers, Psychomotor Skills, Autism
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Turner-Brown, Lauren M.; Baranek, Grace T.; Reznick, J Steven; Watson, Linda R.; Crais, Elizabeth R. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
The First Year Inventory is a parent-report measure designed to identify 12-month-old infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder. First Year Inventory taps behaviors that indicate risk in the developmental domains of sensory--regulatory and social--communication functioning. This longitudinal study is a follow-up of 699 children at 3 years of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Risk, Disability Identification