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Bachmann, Christian J.; Gerste, Bettina; Hoffmann, Falk – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
For Germany, no data on trends in autism spectrum disorder diagnoses are available. The primary aim of this study was to establish the time trends in the administrative prevalence of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses. The second aim was to assess the stability of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses over time. We analysed administrative outpatient…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Incidence
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Limberg, Katharina; Gruber, Karolin; Noterdaeme, Michele – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
A long delay between the first registered symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and a final diagnosis has been reported. The reasons for this are the spare use of specialized autism instruments, missing clinical expertise, and the late referral to specialized centers in primary care. Previous studies recommending the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Child Behavior, At Risk Students, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schunke, Odette; Schöttle, Daniel; Vettorazzi, Eik; Brandt, Valerie; Kahl, Ursula; Bäumer, Tobias; Ganos, Christos; David, Nicole; Peiker, Ina; Engel, Andreas K; Brass, Marcel; Münchau, Alexander – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
Dysfunctions of the human mirror neuron system have been postulated to underlie some deficits in autism spectrum disorders including poor imitative performance and impaired social skills. Using three reaction time experiments addressing mirror neuron system functions under simple and complex conditions, we examined 20 adult autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Control Groups
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Salomone, Erica; Beranová, Štepánka; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique; Briciet Lauritsen, Marlene; Budisteanu, Magdalena; Buitelaar, Jan; Canal-Bedia, Ricardo; Felhosi, Gabriella; Fletcher-Watson, Sue; Freitag, Christine; Fuentes, Joaquin; Gallagher, Louise; Garcia Primo, Patricia; Gliga, Fotinica; Gomot, Marie; Green, Jonathan; Heimann, Mikael; Jónsdóttir, Sigridur Loa; Kaale, Anett; Kawa, Rafal; Kylliainen, Anneli; Lemcke, Sanne; Markovska-Simoska, Silvana; Marschik, Peter B; McConachie, Helen; Moilanen, Irma; Muratori, Filippo; Narzisi, Antonio; Noterdaeme, Michele; Oliveira, Guiomar; Oosterling, Iris; Pijl, Mirjam; Pop-Jordanova, Nada; Poustka, Luise; Roeyers, Herbert; Rogé, Bernadette; Sinzig, Judith; Vicente, Astrid; Warreyn, Petra; Charman, Tony – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
Little is known about use of early interventions for autism spectrum disorder in Europe. Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder aged 7?years or younger (N?=?1680) were recruited through parent organisations in 18 European countries and completed an online survey about the interventions their child received. There was considerable…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Intervention, Young Children, Autism
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Aldaqre, Iyad; Paulus, Markus; Sodian, Beate – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
While typically developing children can use referential gaze to guide their word learning, those with autism spectrum disorder are often described to have problems with that. However, some researchers assume that the ability to follow gaze to select the correct referent can develop in autism later compared to typically developing individuals. To…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Eye Movements, Vocabulary Development
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Koch, Sabine C.; Mehl, Laura; Sobanski, Esther; Sieber, Maik; Fuchs, Thomas – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
From the 1970s on, case studies reported the effectiveness of therapeutic mirroring in movement with children with autism spectrum disorder. In this feasibility study, we tested a dance movement therapy intervention based on mirroring in movement in a population of 31 young adults with autism spectrum disorder (mainly high-functioning and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Movement Education, Motion
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Schuwerk, Tobias; Vuori, Maria; Sodian, Beate – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between explicit and implicit forms of Theory of Mind reasoning and to test the influence of experience on implicit Theory of Mind reasoning in individuals with autism spectrum disorders and in neurotypical adults. Results from two standard explicit Theory of Mind tasks are mixed: Individuals with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Theory of Mind
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Kamp-Becker, Inge; Ghahreman, Mardjan; Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Monika; Peters, Mira; Remschmidt, Helmut; Becker, Katja – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) is a semi-structured, standardized assessment designed for use in diagnostic evaluation of individuals with suspected autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The ADOS has been effective in categorizing children who definitely have autism or not, but has lower specificity and sometimes sensitivity for…
Descriptors: Disability Identification, Adolescents, Mathematics, Autism
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Schilbach, Leonhard; Eickhoff, Simon B.; Cieslik, Edna C.; Kuzmanovic, Bojana; Vogeley, Kai – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2012
Perceiving someone else's gaze shift toward an object can influence how this object will be manipulated by the observer, suggesting a modulatory effect of a gaze-based social context on action control. High-functioning autism (HFA) is characterized by impairments of social interaction, which may be associated with an inability to automatically…
Descriptors: Cues, Reaction Time, Autism, Social Cognition
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Noterdaeme, Michele; Hutzelmeyer-Nickels, Anna – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2010
Pervasive developmental disorders are characterised by the presence of abnormalities in social interaction and communication as well as repetitive patterns of behaviours. Although early symptoms of the disorder often appear during the first two years of life, its diagnosis is often delayed. The purpose of this study is to analyse the delay between…
Descriptors: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Interaction, Foreign Countries