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Boucher, Jill – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2012
In this review, the history of the theory of mind (ToM) theory of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is outlined (in which ToM is indexed by success on false belief tasks), and the explanatory power and psychological causes of impaired ToM in ASD are critically discussed. It is concluded that impaired ToM by itself has only limited explanatory…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, History
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Boucher, Jill; Mayes, Andrew – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2012
In this theoretical note, possible neural causes of episodic memory impairment in individuals with ASD and currently normal intellectual and linguistic function are considered. The neural causes most commonly argued for are hippocampal or prefrontal cortex dysfunction, associated with impaired neural connectivity. It is argued here that a…
Descriptors: Memory, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Impairments
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Ben Shalom, Dorit; Faran, Yifat; Boucher, Jill – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2010
JS is a highly able, well-educated 37 year old man with Asperger syndrome. A recent qualitative paper (Boucher, 2007) described his self-report of verbal and visual memory difficulties. The present paper used the WMS-III to compare the memory profile of JS to that of the adults with HFA in the Williams et al. (2005) WMS-III paper. Results show…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Memory, Adults, Males
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Boucher, Jill – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2007
JS is a highly able person with Asperger syndrome whose language and intellectual abilities are, and always have been, superior. The first part of this short article consists of JS's analytical account of his atypical memory abilities, and the strategies he uses for memorizing and learning. JS has also described specific difficulties with creative…
Descriptors: Memory, Creativity, Creative Writing, Asperger Syndrome
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Grant, Cathy M.; Boucher, Jill; Riggs, Kevin J.; Grayson, Andrew – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2005
Children with autism were compared with control groups on their ability to make moral judgements. Participants were presented with pairs of vignettes in which actions were either deliberate or accidental and caused injury to a person or damage to property. Participants were asked to judge which protagonist was the naughtier and to verbally justify…
Descriptors: Injuries, Control Groups, Autism, Moral Values
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Werth, Abigail; Perkins, Michael; Boucher, Jill – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2001
A case study of a 29-year-old woman with high functioning autism is presented. Examples of her use of puns, jokes, neologisms, "portmanteau" words, irreverent humor, irony, sarcasm, and word play based on her obsessional interests are provided and discussed in relation to current theories of autism and of normal humor. (Contains references.)…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Case Studies, Cognitive Development
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Grant, Cathy M.; Grayson, Andy; Boucher, Jill – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2001
Twenty-two children with autism were given four tests of false belief understanding: the Sally-Anne task, two variants of the deceptive box task, and the three boxes task. The overall consistency of the children's performance was high, 77 percent either passing or failing all tasks. Convergent validity and reliability are discussed. (Contains…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes