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Pathak, Manina; Bennett, Amanda; Shui, Amy M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The newest edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Little, Lauren M.; Wallisch, Anna; Salley, Brenda; Jamison, Rene – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Given that early caregiver concerns may be different for children who go on to receive a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder versus another developmental disability, early caregiver concerns may differ for girls. Using a community-based sample of children (n = 241), we examined the extent to which gender differences may be related to caregiver…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Child Relationship
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Duvekot, Jorieke; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.; Slappendel, Geerte; van Daalen, Emma; Maras, Athanasios; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
In order to shed more light on why referred girls are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than boys, this study examined whether behavioral characteristics influence the probability of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis differently in girls versus boys derived from a multicenter sample of consecutively referred children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Clinical Diagnosis
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Zander, Eric; Sturm, Harald; Bölte, Sven – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
The diagnostic validity of the new research algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the revised algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule was examined in a clinical sample of children aged 18-47 months. Validity was determined for each instrument separately and their combination against a clinical consensus…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Diagnostic Tests, Interviews, Test Validity
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Norrelgen, Fritjof; Fernell, Elisabeth; Eriksson, Mats; Hedvall, Asa; Persson, Clara; Sjölin, Maria; Gillberg, Christopher; Kjellmer, Liselotte – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
There is uncertainty about the proportion of children with autism spectrum disorders who do not develop phrase speech during the preschool years. The main purpose of this study was to examine this ratio in a population-based community sample of children. The cohort consisted of 165 children (141 boys, 24 girls) with autism spectrum disorders aged…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Speech Skills
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Leonard, Hayley C.; Bedford, Rachael; Charman, Tony; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Johnson, Mark H.; Hill, Elisabeth L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
Recently, evidence of poor or atypical motor skills in autism spectrum disorder has led some to argue that motor impairment is a core feature of the condition. The current study uses a longitudinal prospective design to assess the development of motor skills of 20 children at increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder, who were…
Descriptors: Motor Development, At Risk Students, Autism, Infants
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Casenhiser, Devin M.; Shanker, Stuart G.; Stieben, Jim – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
The study evaluates a social-communication-based approach to autism intervention aimed at improving the social interaction skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We report preliminary results from an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 51 children aged 2 years 0 months to 4 years 11 months. Participants were assigned to either a…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Williams, Beth T.; Gray, Kylie M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
This study assessed the relationship between emotion recognition ability and social skills in 42 young children with autistic disorder aged 4-7 years. The analyses revealed that accuracy in recognition of sadness, but not happiness, anger or fear, was associated with higher ratings on the Vineland-II Socialization domain, above and beyond the…
Descriptors: Autism, Young Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Hodgson, Eleanor S.; McGonigle-Chalmers, Margaret – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2011
We report a study of the depiction of partial occlusion and its relationship with field independence (FI) in children with ASD. Nineteen ASD children and 29 TD children (5;6-10;0) attempted to copy two 3D occluded scenes, and also selected the "best" depiction of these scenes in drawings by others. ASD children were not significantly…
Descriptors: Autism, Freehand Drawing, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception
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Levy, Yonata; Bar-Yuda, Chanit – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2011
The study focuses on language and cognitive abilities of siblings of the linguistically most affected children with autism (i.e. siblings of nonverbal children--SIBS-ANV). Twenty-eight SIBS-ANV (17 boys), ages 4-9 years, took part in the study. All children attended regular schools, and none had received a diagnosis of autism. Controls were 27…
Descriptors: Siblings, Autism, Cognitive Ability, Family Environment