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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The newest edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Nakahachi, Takayuki; Stickley, Andrew; Ishitobi, Makoto; Kamio, Yoko – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Acoustics
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Vanmarcke, Steven; Noens, Ilse; Steyaert, Jean; Wagemans, Johan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Previous research suggested that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder are better than typically developing children in detecting local, non-social details within complex visual scenes. To better understand these differences, we used the image database by Sareen et al., containing the size and on-screen location information of all changes in…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception
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Green, Adam E.; Kenworthy, Lauren; Gallagher, Natalie M.; Antezana, Ligia; Mosner, Maya G.; Krieg, Samantha; Dudley, Katherina; Ratto, Allison; Yerys, Benjamin E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Analogical reasoning is an important mechanism for social cognition in typically developing children, and recent evidence suggests that some forms of analogical reasoning may be preserved in autism spectrum disorder. An unanswered question is whether children with autism spectrum disorder can apply analogical reasoning to social information. In…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Abstract Reasoning, Comparative Analysis
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Little, Lauren M.; Wallisch, Anna; Salley, Brenda; Jamison, Rene – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Given that early caregiver concerns may be different for children who go on to receive a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder versus another developmental disability, early caregiver concerns may differ for girls. Using a community-based sample of children (n = 241), we examined the extent to which gender differences may be related to caregiver…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Child Relationship
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Duvekot, Jorieke; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.; Slappendel, Geerte; van Daalen, Emma; Maras, Athanasios; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
In order to shed more light on why referred girls are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than boys, this study examined whether behavioral characteristics influence the probability of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis differently in girls versus boys derived from a multicenter sample of consecutively referred children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Clinical Diagnosis
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Pisula, Ewa; Pudlo, Monika; Slowinska, Monika; Kawa, Rafal; Strzaska, Magdalena; Banasiak, Anna; Wolanczyk, Tomasz – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in behavioral and emotional problems in high-functioning girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. The results obtained by adolescents with autism spectrum disorder were compared with those of typically developing girls and boys. Correlations between parents' and adolescents' ratings…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Behavior Problems
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Mandy, William; Murin, Marianna; Baykaner, Ozlem; Staunton, Sara; Hellriegel, Josselyn; Anderson, Seonaid; Skuse, David – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
The transition from primary to secondary education (hereafter "school transition") is a major ecological shift that poses considerable social, emotional, academic and organisational challenges. It is commonly assumed that this school transition is especially difficult for children with autism spectrum disorder, but that idea is mainly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Longitudinal Studies, Transitional Programs
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Choque Olsson, Nora; Rautio, Daniel; Asztalos, Jenny; Stoetzer, Ulrich; Bölte, Sven – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
Systematic reviews show some evidence for the efficacy of group-based social skills group training in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, but more rigorous research is needed to endorse generalizability. In addition, little is known about the perspectives of autistic individuals participating in social skills group training.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development
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Burger-Caplan, Rebecca; Saulnier, Celine; Jones, Warren; Klin, Ami – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
The Social Attribution Task, Multiple Choice is introduced as a measure of implicit social cognitive ability in children, addressing a key challenge in quantification of social cognitive function in autism spectrum disorder, whereby individuals can often be successful in explicit social scenarios, despite marked social adaptive deficits. The…
Descriptors: Social Development, Cognitive Ability, Children, Autism
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So, Wing-Chee; Wong, Miranda Kit-Yi; Lui, Ming; Yip, Virginia – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
Previous work leaves open the question of whether children with autism spectrum disorders aged 6-12?years have delay in producing gestures compared to their typically developing peers. This study examined gestural production among school-aged children in a naturalistic context and how their gestures are semantically related to the accompanying…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Preadolescents