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Duvekot, Jorieke; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.; Slappendel, Geerte; van Daalen, Emma; Maras, Athanasios; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
In order to shed more light on why referred girls are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than boys, this study examined whether behavioral characteristics influence the probability of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis differently in girls versus boys derived from a multicenter sample of consecutively referred children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Clinical Diagnosis
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Schmitz, Eva A.; Banerjee, Robin; Pouw, Lucinda B. C.; Stockmann, Lex; Rieffe, Carolien – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
Much controversy surrounds questions about whether humans have an aversion to inequity and how a commitment to equality might play a role in cooperation and other aspects of social interactions. Examining the social decisions of children with autism spectrum disorders provides a fascinating opportunity to explore these issues. Specifically, we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Games, Decision Making
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Geurts, Hilde M; de Wit, Sanne – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
Repetitive behavior is a key characteristic of autism spectrum disorders. Our aim was to investigate the hypothesis that this abnormal behavioral repetition results from a tendency to over-rely on habits at the expense of flexible, goal-directed action. Twenty-four children with autism spectrum disorders and 24 age- and gender-matched controls…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Behavior Modification
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Eussen, Mart L. J. M.; Van Gool, Arthur R.; Verheij, Fop; De Nijs, Pieter F. A.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
Limited quality of social relations, milder symptom severity and higher intelligence were shown to account for higher anxiety levels in autism spectrum disorders. The current study replicated and extended earlier findings by combining these three determinants of anxiety in autism spectrum disorders in one study. The sample consisted of 134…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Begeer, Sander; Terwogt, Mark Meerum; Rieffe, Carolien; Stegge, Hedy; Olthof, Tjeert; Koot, Hans M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2010
The present study examined the understanding of emotional transfer in 11 children with autism, 20 children with PDD-NOS and 31 typically developing children, aged 6 to 12 years. Children were asked about their emotional responses to successive, conflicting emotional situations. All children reported that preceding emotional situations would…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children