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Hu, Valerie W.; Hong, Yi; Xu, Minyi; Shu, Henry T. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Although differences in DNA methylation have been associated with both syndromic and idiopathic autism, differential methylation has not been examined previously with respect to sex differences. The goals of this study were to (1) identify differences in the DNA methylation profiles of lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from a subgroup of severely…
Descriptors: Genetics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Kim, So Yoon; Crowley, Shannon; Yoder, Paul J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Cross-lagged panel analysis was used to examine associations between two joint engagement variables; higher order supported joint engagement and higher order supported joint engagement that co-occurs with caregiver's follow-in talk (higher order supported joint engagement + follow-in), and expressive and receptive vocabulary in a group of young…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Delayed Speech, Language Acquisition
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Goris, Judith; Silvetti, Massimo; Verguts, Tom; Wiersema, Jan R.; Brass, Marcel; Braem, Senne – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Recent theories propose that autism is characterized by an impairment in determining when to learn and when not. We investigated this by estimating learning rate in environments varying in volatility and uncertainty. Specifically, we correlated autistic traits (in 163 neurotypical participants) with modelled learning behaviour during probabilistic…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Problems, Educational Environment
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Chakraborty, Payal; Carpenter, Kimberly L. H.; Major, Samantha; Deaver, Megan; Vermeer, Saritha; Herold, Brianna; Franz, Lauren; Howard, Jill; Dawson, Geraldine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder are more likely than typically developing individuals to experience a range of gastrointestinal abnormalities, including chronic diarrhea, constipation, food sensitivities, and abdominal pain. These gastrointestinal symptoms have been associated with higher levels of irritability and aggressive behavior,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Human Body, At Risk Persons
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Tarver, Joanne; Pearson, Effie; Edwards, Georgina; Shirazi, Aryana; Potter, Liana; Malhi, Priya; Waite, Jane – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Anxiety is a common co-occurring condition in autism and impacts quality of life of autistic individuals and their families; autistic individuals who speak few or no words represent an under-researched group. This qualitative study aimed to understand more about parental recognition and management of anxiety in autistic individuals who speak few…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Disorders
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Riccio, Ariana; Kapp, Steven K.; Jordan, Allison; Dorelien, Anna Marie; Gillespie-Lynch, Kristen – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
A large body of literature examines parental interpretations of their child's autism diagnosis. However, research examining intersections between parental disclosure of their child's autism diagnosis to their child and their child's identity development is lacking. The primary aim of this study was to analyze if parental decisions to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept, Parent Attitudes
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Miller, Lauren E.; Dai, Yael G.; Fein, Deborah A.; Robins, Diana L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Autism spectrum disorder symptom emergence is heterogeneous, yet literature comparing young children diagnosed early versus later is relatively scant. Toddlers diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder between 12 and 18 months (n = 20), 19 and 24 months (n = 65), or 25 and 41 months (n = 27) were compared on demographics, developmental functioning,…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Individual Characteristics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bathelt, Joe; Geurts, Hilde M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Differences in the default mode network are among the most replicated brain-level findings in autistic individuals. Furthermore, subregions within the default mode network are associated with cognitive functions such as mentalising that are immediately relevant to cognitive theories of autism. Recent evidence suggests that the default mode network…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain, Children
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Crowley, Shannon; Sandbank, Micheal; Woynaroski, Tiffany G. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Our team examined 150 reports on group-design, non-pharmacological interventions for young autistic children, to determine the prevalence of adverse event reporting. We found that only 11 studies mentioned adverse events; one indicated adverse events occurred, and an additional three indicated adverse "effects" occurred (i.e. adverse…
Descriptors: Young Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Niego, Amy; Benítez-Burraco, Antonio – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Autism spectrum disorders and Williams syndrome exhibit quite opposite features in the social domain, but also share some common underlying behavioral and cognitive deficits. It is not clear, however, which genes account for the attested differences (and similarities) in the socio-cognitive domain. In this article, we adopted a comparative…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Hickey, Emily; Sheldrick, R. Christopher; Kuhn, Jocelyn; Broder-Fingert, Sarabeth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
In 2016, the US Preventive Services Task Force concluded that there was "insufficient" ("I" statement) evidence to support universal primary care screening for autism spectrum disorder. The statement led to controversy among research and clinical communities. Although a number of papers have since been published arguing for the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Screening Tests, Primary Health Care
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Oakley, Bethany F. M.; Tillmann, Julian; Ahmad, Jumana; Crawley, Daisy; San José Cáceres, Antonia; Holt, Rosemary; Charman, Tony; Banaschewski, Tobias; Buitelaar, Jan; Simonoff, Emily; Murphy, Declan; Loth, Eva – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Previous studies have reported reduced quality of life in autism. Improving quality of life for autistic people is, therefore, a key priority for clinical research and practice. However, the relative impact of core autism traits (e.g. social-communication difficulties), as compared to associated mental health symptoms (e.g. anxiety, depression) on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Bellalou, Lucie; Downes, Naomi; Cappe, Emilie – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
High rates of depressive disorders are reported among young people on the autism spectrum. This condition is generally assessed using measures validated for typically developing young people. Tools adapted to children on the autism spectrum are not tailored to detect Major Depressive Disorder, nor have they been used among samples with an…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Fong, Vanessa; Gardiner, Emily; Iarocci, Grace – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
The current study examined the role of informal supports in predicting resilience among families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Participants included 153 caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder, who were between the ages of 2 and 18years (M=10.45; SD=4.32). Caregivers completed a measure of satisfaction with informal…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Resilience (Psychology)
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Roche, Laura; Adams, Dawn; Clark, Megan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
In recent years, a shift in focus has seen researchers seek to identify the priorities and preferences of key stakeholders to shape the direction of future research for those on the autism spectrum. The process of synthesising the views, knowledge and expertise of key stakeholders with either a lived or shared experience of autism is invaluable…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Research Needs, Stakeholders
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