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Debarati Mukherjee; Supriya Bhavnani; Georgia Lockwood Estrin; Vaisnavi Rao; Jayashree Dasgupta; Hiba Irfan; Bhismadev Chakrabarti; Vikram Patel; Matthew K. Belmonte – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Current challenges in early identification of autism spectrum disorder lead to significant delays in starting interventions, thereby compromising outcomes. Digital tools can potentially address this barrier as they are accessible, can measure autism-relevant phenotypes and can be administered in children's natural environments by non-specialists.…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Young Children, Evaluation, Technology
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Zhong Jian Chee; Anke M. Scheeren; Marieke de Vries – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Despite several psychometric advantages over the 50-item Autism Spectrum Quotient, an instrument used to measure autistic traits, the abridged AQ-28 and its cross-cultural validity have not been examined as extensively. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the factor structure and measurement invariance of the AQ-28 in 818 Dutch (M[subscript…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Questionnaires, Factor Structure, Factor Analysis
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Georgia Lockwood Estrin; Luke Mason; Rashi Arora; Supriya Bhavnani; Jayashree Dasgupta; Sheffali Gulati; Teodora Gliga; Mark H Johnson – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Alterations in the development of attention control and learning have been associated with autism and can be measured using the "antisaccade task," which assesses a child's ability to make an oculomotor response away from a distracting stimulus, and learn to instead anticipate a later reward. We aimed to assess these cognitive processes…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Preschool Children, Eye Movements, Low Income
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Cecilia Montiel-Nava; Maria C. Montenegro; Ana C. Ramirez; Daniel Valdez; Analia Rosoli; Ricardo Garcia; Gabriela Garrido; Sebastian Cukier; Alexia Rattazzi; Cristiane Silvestre Paula – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
An earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder might lead to an earlier intervention, yet knowledge and awareness of autism spectrum disorder in Latin America and Caribbean Countries are limited. A later autism spectrum disorder diagnosis has been associated with negative consequences, as it might imply later access to services. This study aims…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Age Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Sarosha Pillay; Madeleine Duncan; Petrus J. de Vries – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Autism spectrum disorder is a growing public health concern in low-and middle-income countries that has prompted a World Health Organization resolution on "comprehensive and coordinated efforts for management of autism spectrum disorder." Despite being a signatory of the resolution, South Africa does not have any national policies to…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Foreign Countries, Developing Nations, Government Employees
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Paulina Buffle; Cristina Armijos; Alfredo Naranjo; Edouard Gentaz – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Identification procedures for autism spectrum disorders in paediatric settings include screening and routine clinical surveillance. Screening tools are perceived as challenging, and a preference for direct observation has been reported in Ecuadorian paediatric settings. Augmentative observational procedures could prompt the application of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Disability Identification, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Pediatrics
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Tigist Zerihun; Mersha Kinfe; Kamrun Nahar Koly; Rehana Abdurahman; Fikirte Girma; Charlotte Hanlon; Petrus J. de Vries; Rosa A. Hoekstra – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Autism and other developmental disabilities are common in low- and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization developed the caregiver skills training programme to address the needs of families having children with developmental disabilities globally. This study explored the acceptability and feasibility of the caregiver skills training…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Children, Child Caregivers
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Georgina Perez Liz; Guillermo Vela; Arturo Vela; Juan R Maldonado Coronado; Patricia Sanchez Lizardi; Diana L. Robins – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Research capacity building is a process by which individuals and organizations develop skills and infrastructure resulting in greater ability to conduct useful research. Frequently, research quality and productivity measures focus on outcomes, such as peer-reviewed publications or grants awarded. Such distal measures are not informative when…
Descriptors: Capacity Building, Scientific Research, Guidelines, Evaluation Criteria
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James D. Lee; Hedda Meadan; Enkhjin Oyunbaatar; Amarbuyan Amar – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Although global prevalence of autism has grown substantially, researchers still report inequity in access to evidence-based interventions in many low-resource settings where majority of world's children live. Capacity building of diverse stakeholders in low-resource settings has been suggested to be a potential way to mitigate low levels of access…
Descriptors: Capacity Building, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Evidence Based Practice, Intervention
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Liezl Schlebusch; Nola Chambers; David Rosenstein; Petro Erasmus; Petrus J. de Vries – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Caring for children with developmental delays or disabilities places significant stress on caregivers, which is often exacerbated in low-resource settings. The World Health Organization developed a caregiver skills training for families of children with developmental delays or disabilities, which includes a three-session caregiver well-being…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Caregivers, Well Being, Children
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Shaheen Akhter; Jannatara Shefa; Mohammad Abdul Quader; Khurshid Talukder; A. H. M. Enayet Hussain; Gopen Kumar Kundu; Kanij Fatema; Sayeda Tabassum Alam; Kazi Ashraful Islam; Md Sayedur Rahman; Mohammad Mizanur Rahman; Ziaul Hasan; Muzharul Mannan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that includes deficits in social communication and interaction, and restricted and repetitive behaviours, interests, or activities. This survey was done to assess autism spectrum disorder prevalence in 16- to 30-month-old children at an urban-rural distribution and determine the association of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Toddlers, Incidence
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Priscilla Brandi Gomes Godoy; Lorna McWilliams; Leticia Rodrigues da Silveira; Mirian de Cesaro Revers Biasão; Fernanda Speggiorin Pereira Alarcão; Leonardo Seda; Renata Generoso Campoli; Holan Liang; Gauri Divan; Kathy Leadbitter; Jonathan Green; Elizabeth Shephard – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Effective support for autistic individuals is lacking in Brazil. Few centres offer services and those that do are limited in therapeutic options and geographical location. Paediatric Autism Communication Therapy is a low-intensity, evidence-based parent-mediated social-communication intervention that may be useful for this scenario. This…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Role, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills
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Maretha de Jonge; Mohamed Boutjdir; Tahar El-Korchi; Hafida Torres; Arun Karpur; Andy Shih; Abdeslem Elidrissi – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Understanding caregivers' needs is crucial for service planning and empowering caregivers around the world. Although research on autism from Arab countries is emerging, many countries are still unrepresented. Moreover, within-country disparities are understudied. This study investigated differences in needs, service use, and satisfaction between…
Descriptors: Rural Urban Differences, Satisfaction, Caregiver Attitudes, Autism Spectrum Disorders
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Ipsita Dey; Sreerupa Chakrabarty; Rajanya Nandi; Rakshita Shekhar; Sakhi Singhi; Shoba Nayar; Jai Ranjan Ram; Shaneel Mukerji; Bhismadev Chakrabarti – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
While studies to map the priorities of the autistic community have been undertaken in some high-income countries, there has been little or no such systematic assessment in the global south. India alone is home to an estimated >5 million autistic individuals. To address this gap in the literature, this study conducted a survey of the Indian…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Skill Development, Training
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Ana Gabriela Rocha Araujo; Mônia Aparecida da Silva; Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira; Kristen Gillespie-Lynch; Regina Basso Zanon – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Researchers from Brazil reached out to a researcher in the United States to co-develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Brazilian version of an autism stigma (social distance) scale and a Participatory Autism Knowledge-Measure (Study 1) and to assess the impact of an online training on autism stigma and knowledge in a Brazilian sample…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Inclusion, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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