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Akobirshoev, Ilhom; Mitra, Monika; Dembo, Robbie; Lauer, Emily – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
A retrospective data analysis using 2004-2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample was conducted to examine in-hospital mortality among adults with autism spectrum disorders in the United States compared to individuals in the general population. We modeled logistic regressions to compare inpatient hospital mortality…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Hospitals, Death
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Ben-Itzchak, Esther; Zachor, Ditza A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
This prospective study examined the developmental changes over time of adolescents diagnosed in toddlerhood with autism spectrum disorder and searched for child characteristics at toddlerhood that predict outcome at adolescence. The study included 65 participants who were divided into low cognitive (developmental quotient [less than] 85; N = 41)…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Dawson-Squibb, John-Joe; Davids, Eugene L.; Harrison, Ashley J.; Molony, Maggie A.; de Vries, Petrus J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Empowering families of children with autism spectrum disorder through education and training is best practice. A wide range of Parent Education and Training programmes are delivered around the globe, but there is limited knowledge about the characteristics of these programmes, or about the research methods and outcomes used to evaluate them,…
Descriptors: Parent Education, Training, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Baker, Jason K.; Fenning, Rachel M.; Erath, Stephen A.; Baucom, Brian R.; Messinger, Daniel S.; Moffitt, Jacquelyn; Kaeppler, Alexander; Bailey, Alyssa – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Children with autism spectrum disorder exhibit significant difficulties with emotion regulation. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia is a biomarker for processes related to emotion regulation, with higher baseline rates linked to beneficial outcomes. Although reduction in respiratory sinus arrhythmia in response to challenge can index adaptive processes…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Children
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Palmer, Melanie; San José Cáceres, Antonia; Tarver, Joanne; Howlin, Patricia; Slonims, Vicky; Pellicano, Elizabeth; Charman, Tony – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
The EarlyBird programme is a group-based psychoeducation intervention for parents of young children with autism. Although it is widely used in the United Kingdom, the evidence base for the programme is very limited. Using a mixed method, non-randomised research design, we aimed to test (1) the acceptability of the research procedures (recruitment,…
Descriptors: Young Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries
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Tekola, Bethlehem; Girma, Fikirte; Kinfe, Mersha; Abdurahman, Rehana; Tesfaye, Markos; Yenus, Zemi; Salomone, Erica; Pacione, Laura; Fekadu, Abebaw; Servili, Chiara; Hanlon, Charlotte; Hoekstra, Rosa A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
The World Health Organization's Caregiver Skills Training programme for children with developmental disorders or delays teaches caregivers strategies to help them support their child's development. Ethiopia has a severe lack of services for children with developmental disorders or delays. This study explored the perspectives of Ethiopian…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Duggal, Chetna; Dua, Bakul; Chokhani, Ritika; Sengupta, Koyeli – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
A significant treatment gap exists in low and middle income countries such as India for children with autism spectrum disorder. The Autism Intervention Training Program, a comprehensive 6-month program for training professionals in transdisciplinary evidence-based practices to address concerns associated with autism spectrum disorder, was piloted…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Learning, Student Attitudes, Autism
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Pugliese, Cara E.; Ratto, Allison B.; Granader, Yael; Dudley, Katerina M.; Bowen, Amanda; Baker, Cynthia; Anthony, Laura Gutermuth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Youth with autism spectrum disorder can face social-communication challenges related to sexuality, dating, and friendships. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of the Supporting Teens with Autism on Relationships program. In total, 84 youth with autism spectrum disorder aged 9 to 18 and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sex Education, Curriculum
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Flygare, Oskar; Andersson, Erik; Ringberg, Helene; Hellstadius, Anna-Clara; Edbacken, Johan; Enander, Jesper; Dahl, Matti; Aspvall, Kristina; Windh, Indra; Russell, Ailsa; Mataix-Cols, David; Rück, Christian – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Obsessive-compulsive disorder and autism spectrum disorder commonly co-occur. Adapted cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults with autism spectrum disorder has not previously been evaluated outside the United Kingdom. In this study, 19 adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder and autism spectrum disorder were…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification
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Schnabel, Alexandra; Youssef, George J.; Hallford, David J.; Hartley, Eliza J.; McGillivray, Jane A.; Stewart, Michelle; Forbes, David; Austin, David W. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder appear to experience high levels of psychological distress, yet little is known about the prevalence of psychological disorders in this population. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the proportion of these parents who experience clinically significant…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychological Patterns
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Cohen, Shana R.; Miguel, Jessica; Wishard Guerra, Alison – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
This study examined the daily routines and activities of Mexican-heritage mothers and their children with autism spectrum disorder. Experienced sampling methods were used to capture families' current daily routines and activities, how parents valued those activities, and whether the activity was part of the child's autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mexican Americans, Children
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Alvares, Gail A.; Bebbington, Keely; Cleary, Dominique; Evans, Kiah; Glasson, Emma J.; Maybery, Murray T.; Pillar, Sarah; Uljarevic, Mirko; Varcin, Kandice; Wray, John; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
'High functioning autism' is a term often used for individuals with autism spectrum disorder without an intellectual disability. Over time, this term has become synonymous with expectations of greater functional skills and better long-term outcomes, despite contradictory clinical observations. This study investigated the relationship between…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intelligence
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Anthony, Bruno J.; Robertson, Hillary A.; Verbalis, Alyssa; Myrick, Yetta; Troxel, Mary; Seese, Sydney; Anthony, Laura Gutermuth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
To promote knowledge and acceptance of autism, Sesame Workshop created an online initiative: "See Amazing in All Children." This nationwide evaluation of "See Amazing" assessed whether it increased knowledge and acceptance, promoted community inclusion, reduced parenting strain, and enhanced parenting competence. Survey…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Stress Management
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Bellon-Harn, Monica L.; Manchaiah, Vinaya; Morris, Lekeitha R. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Professionals have expressed concerns about the quality of autism-related information available from Internet-based sources. The purpose of this study was to examine the source, content, usability, and actionability of autism spectrum disorder--related information contained in 100 different videos directed to families of children with autism…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology, Internet
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Leedham, Alexandra; Thompson, Andrew R.; Smith, Richard; Freeth, Megan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Females often receive autism spectrum condition diagnoses later than males, leaving needs misunderstood. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of female adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition in middle to late adulthood. Eleven autistic females diagnosed over the age of 40 years completed semi-structured interviews,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Females, Clinical Diagnosis
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