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Ross, Veerle; Cox, Daniel J.; Reeve, Ron; Brown, Timothy; Moncrief, Matthew; Schmitt, Rose; Gaffney, Gary – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
For some individuals with autism spectrum disorder, driving apprehension may interfere with the acquisition and application of driving privileges. The Driving Attitude Scale Parent-Report provides an indication of novice drivers' positive and negative attitudes toward driving. Responses were compared for parents of 66 autism spectrum disorder and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Positive Attitudes, Negative Attitudes
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Hillier, Ashleigh; Goldstein, Jody; Murphy, Deirdra; Trietsch, Rhoda; Keeves, Jacqueline; Mendes, Eva; Queenan, Alexa – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Support Groups
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Sosnowy, Collette; Silverman, Chloe; Shattuck, Paul – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Existing research shows that young adults with autism spectrum disorder have poorer outcomes than their peers with other developmental disabilities in the key areas of independent living, postsecondary education, and employment. However, we understand little about how young adults with autism and their families understand and value outcomes and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Adults, Independent Living
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Hedges, Susan H.; Odom, Samuel L.; Hume, Kara; Sam, Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine how secondary students with autism spectrum disorder use technology in supportive ways. In this self-report survey study, 472 adolescents with autism spectrum disorder enrolled in high school described the forms of technology they use and purposes for which they use it. Students reported the benefits as…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology
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Saqr, Youssra; Braun, Erika; Porter, Kyle; Barnette, Debra; Hanks, Christopher – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Little has been reported about how to improve health care access and delivery for adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder. To understand the contributions to the health disparities in the autism spectrum disorder population, we conducted two independent research approaches to learn about current medical needs. A retrospective chart…
Descriptors: Health Needs, Adolescents, Adults, Autism
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Hume, Kara; Dykstra Steinbrenner, Jessica; Sideris, John; Smith, Leann; Kucharczyk, Suzanne; Szidon, Kate – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder have limited participation in the transition planning process, despite the link between active participation and an improvement in postsecondary education and employment outcomes. The Secondary School Success Checklist was designed to support transition planning for adolescents with autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Check Lists
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Baker-Ericzén, Mary J.; Fitch, Meghan A.; Kinnear, Mikaela; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Twamley, Elizabeth W.; Smith, Linda; Montano, Gabriel; Feder, Joshua; Crooke, Pamela J.; Winner, Michelle G.; Leon, Juan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Supported Employment
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Penner, Melanie; Anagnostou, Evdokia; Andoni, Lana Y.; Ungar, Wendy J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Guides, Clinical Diagnosis
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Hedley, Darren; Cai, Ru; Uljarevic, Mirko; Wilmot, Mathilda; Spoor, Jennifer R.; Richdale, Amanda; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
To improve employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder, it is necessary to identify factors associated with successful transition to work from the perspectives of the individual and from those who work with or support them. This study involved focus groups with adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 9) participating in a 3-year…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Focus Groups
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Vella, Lydia; Ring, Howard A.; Aitken, Mike R. F.; Watson, Peter C.; Presland, Alexander; Clare, Isabel C. H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38…
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults
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Galpin, James; Barratt, Penny; Ashcroft, Edward; Greathead, Scot; Kenny, Lorcan; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Much research has documented the elevated levels of stress experienced by families of autistic children. Yet remarkably little research has examined the types of support that these families perceive to be beneficial to their lives. This study, co-produced by researchers and school-based professionals, sought to establish these families' support…
Descriptors: Family Needs, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Callander, Emily J.; Lindsay, Daniel B. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Parental employment is a significant factor in ensuring financial ability to access care for children with autism spectrum disorder. This article aimed to identify the influence of autism spectrum disorder on parental employment and whether childcare access may effect labour force participation using the "Longitudinal Survey of Australian…
Descriptors: Employed Parents, Employment Level, Children, Autism
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Shepherd, Daniel; Landon, Jason; Goedeke, Sonja – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This exploratory study assessed the relationships between autism spectrum disorder symptoms, caregiver stress and intervention helpfulness, using parent (n = 182) ratings. Advocacy and intervention-related tasks were rated more stressful than support tasks (e.g. toileting, mealtimes), indicating that advocacy is emerging as a major caregiver task…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Foreign Countries
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Soke, Gnakub Norbert; Rosenberg, Steven A.; Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson; Vasa, Roma A.; Lee, Li-Ching; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
We assessed potential factors associated with "current" or "ever" self-injurious behaviors, reported in the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, among children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 692) from the Study to Explore Early Development. Data on factors examined were obtained from questionnaires, standardized clinical…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities
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Constable, Paul A.; Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Bowler, Dermot M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Cognitive Ability, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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