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Wright, Barry; Phillips, Helen; Allgar, Victoria; Sweetman, Jennifer; Hodkinson, Rachel; Hayward, Emily; Ralph-Lewis, Amelia; Teige, Catarina; Bland, Martin; Le Couteur, Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
A Delphi consensus methodology was used to adapt the Autism Diagnostic Interview--Revised for the assessment of deaf children with suspected autism spectrum disorder. Each Autism Diagnostic Interview--Revised item was considered by a panel of nine international experts in terms of relevance and acceptability. Modifications were proposed and agreed…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Deafness
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Bailey, Benjamin; Arciuli, Joanne – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Much of what is known about autism and literacy instruction is derived from studies including monolingual English-speaking children. Yet, less than one-fifth of the world's population are English speakers. This review examines the research on literacy instruction for children with autism learning to read and write in languages other than English.…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reading Instruction
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Simantov, Tslil; Pohl, Alexa; Tsompanidis, Alexandros; Weir, Elizabeth; Lombardo, Michael V; Ruigrok, Amber; Smith, Paula; Allison, Carrie; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Uzefovsky, Florina – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
The sex bias in autism diagnosis suggests the involvement of sex-specific endocrine mechanisms during prenatal development, but these hormones affect health throughout life. Therefore, the current study examined the association of autism and autistic traits with conditions and symptoms related to the sex-steroid system in adult women. In total,…
Descriptors: Females, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Arenella, Martina; Cadby, Gemma; De Witte, Ward; Jones, Rachel M.; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O.; Moses, Eric K.; Fornito, Alex; Bellgrove, Mark A.; Hawi, Ziarih; Johnson, Beth; Tiego, Jeggan; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Poelmans, Geert; Bralten, Janita – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
The clinical heterogeneity of autism spectrum disorders majorly challenges their genetic study. Autism spectrum disorders symptoms occur in milder forms in the general population, as autistic-like traits, and share genetic factors with autism spectrum disorders. Here, we investigate the genetics of individual autistic-like traits to improve our…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Sturrock, Alexandra; Chilton, Helen; Foy, Katie; Freed, Jenny; Adams, Catherine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Subtle language and communication difficulties are persistent and pervasive for autistic individuals without intellectual disability. They are thought to impact negatively on functionality, social interrelations and emotional well-being, although this relationship is under-explored in the literature. The personal accounts of autistic children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Early Adolescents
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Fong, Vanessa C.; Lee, Bo Sang; Iarocci, Grace – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
This study adopted a community-engaged approach to explore Korean parents' perceptions of barriers and facilitators to accessing autism services in British Columbia, Canada. Understanding the experiences of culturally and linguistically diverse families and their children may help facilitate the development of more inclusive, appropriate, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Asians, Parent Attitudes, Barriers
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Golan, Ofer; Haruvi-Lamdan, Nirit; Laor, Nathaniel; Horesh, Danny – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by social communication difficulties and restricted, repetitive behaviors. Autism spectrum disorder is highly co-morbid with other neuro-psychiatric disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, and depression. However, research on post-traumatic stress…
Descriptors: Comorbidity, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
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McQuaid, Goldie A.; Lee, Nancy Raitano; Wallace, Gregory L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Camouflaging in autism spectrum disorder could be a factor in later diagnosis of individuals without co-occurring intellectual disability, particularly among those designated female sex at birth. Little research to date has examined how gender identity impacts camouflaging, however. Further, no study has compared groups that differ in diagnostic…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Sexual Identity
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Kenworthy, Lauren; Verbalis, Alyssa; Bascom, Julia; daVanport, Sharon; Strang, John F.; Pugliese, Cara; Freeman, Andrew; Jeppsen, Charlotte; Armour, Anna C.; Jost, Geneva; Hardy, Kristina; Wallace, Gregory L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Executive functions are related to key outcomes. Studies of autistic youth self-report of other nonsocial traits indicate that their insights into their own functioning and internal experiences provide important information that is not captured by their parents' report, but youth self-report of executive function has not been researched in autism.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Executive Function, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Zeng, Weiwen; Magaña, Sandy; Lopez, Kristina; Xu, Yue; Marroquín, J. Marisol – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
This study examined maintenance of treatment effects in a culturally tailored parent education program for Latinx families of children with autism spectrum disorder using a behavior maintenance framework. In a two-site randomized waitlist-control study, we compared differences in parent and child outcomes across three timepoints using linear mixed…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Modification
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Vaiouli, Potheini; Luminet, Olivier; Panayiotou, Georgia – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Research evidence suggests that heterogeneity in emotion processing difficulties in autistic individuals may reflect co-occurring alexithymia. Elevated levels of alexithymia is a robust finding in the adult autistic population but there is a relative poverty regarding the corresponding research in younger populations. The aim of this review is to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Gilmore, Daniel; Krantz, Morgan; Weaver, Lindy; Hand, Brittany N. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Autistic adults often experience barriers to healthcare that can cause their healthcare service use to be unique from other populations. We conducted a systematic review to gather the most recent evidence about how often autistic adults use five important healthcare services (the emergency department, hospitalization, outpatient mental health,…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Barriers
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Cook, Julia; Crane, Laura; Hull, Laura; Bourne, Laura; Mandy, William – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Autistic people may camouflage their innate autistic social behaviours to adapt to, cope within and/or influence the predominately neurotypical social landscape. This study describes behaviours exhibited, altered or avoided by autistic adults whilst camouflaging (i.e. camouflaging behaviours). Using Interpersonal Process Recall methodology, 17…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Coping
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Dreiling, Nicole Ginn; Cook, Michal L.; Lamarche, Elena; Klinger, Laura Grofer – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Despite the high prevalence of co-occurring autism spectrum disorders and mental health condition(s), there exist substantial barriers to mental health treatment for autistic individuals. These barriers are exacerbated by a lack of mental health provider training and self-efficacy in providing adapted services to autistic individuals. One method…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comorbidity, Mental Disorders
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Guttentag, Sara; Bishop, Somer; Doggett, Rebecca; Shalev, Rebecca; Kaplan, Megan; Dyson, Margaret; Cohen, Morgan; Lord, Catherine; Di Martino, Adriana – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder often co-occur, challenging timely, and accurate diagnosis. We assessed the performance of three parent-report measures in discriminating autism spectrum disorder from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder without autism spectrum disorder (ADHD[subscritpt w/oASD])…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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