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Serry, Tanya; Oates, Jennifer; Ennals, Priscilla; Venville, Annie; Williams, Anne; Fossey, Ellie; Steel, Gillian – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2018
This study explored the experiences of university students who identified as always having had reading difficulties. Thirty-three participants, all from one Australian university, were surveyed and 10 were also interviewed. Findings revealed that many shared academic challenges related to studying, along with a belief that their difficulties were…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Surveys, Interviews, Barriers
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Chapman, James W.; Greaney, Keith T.; Arrow, Alison W.; Tunmer, William E. – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2018
New Zealand's approach to literacy instruction is predominantly whole language. Explicit code-orientated literacy instruction is not favoured, however, most teachers are believed to include phonics in their literacy lessons. No study has been reported on phonics use in New Zealand schools. Survey responses on the use of phonics instruction from…
Descriptors: Phonics, Cues, Literacy Education, Whole Language Approach
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Brenchley, Celia; Costello, Shane – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2018
Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD) have a relatively rare incidence, estimated to be approximately 1.7% of all learning disabilities. Symptoms of the disorder are perceptual, social and emotional. These symptoms differ according to the developmental age, with 85% of cases being diagnosed in secondary school when education becomes more…
Descriptors: Intervention, Nonverbal Ability, Learning Disabilities, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Gibbs, Kathryn – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2018
Students with AD/HD experience difficulty concentrating in the classroom due to unwanted behaviours. This article focuses on what six Australian adolescent boys have to say about teacher and teaching factors that enabled them to regain focus (if distracted) and concentrate on classroom learning. A multiple, instrumental case-study was used to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Males, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Lim, Lisa; Arciuli, Joanne; Munro, Natalie – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2018
This exploratory study compares the shared book reading behaviours of five school aged children with DS (aged 11 years 6 months to 15 years 6 months) before and after participation in an intervention which included selected components of the MultiLit Reading Tutor Program. The program was delivered 1:1 to participants each week over a 12 week…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Down Syndrome, Reading Programs, Tutoring
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Harrison, Linda J.; McLeod, Sharynne; McAllister, Lindy; McCormack, Jane – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
This study sought to assess the level of correspondence between parent and teacher report of concern about young children's speech and specialist assessment of speech sound disorders (SSD). A sample of 157 children aged 4-5 years was recruited in preschools and long day care centres in Victoria and New South Wales (NSW). SSD was assessed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Impairments, Preschool Children, Child Care Centers
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Daniel, Graham R.; Wang, Cen – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
International evidence indicates there may be little or no academic benefit for children who are retained, and the possibility of negative long term socio-emotional outcomes for these children. Drawing on data from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 4464), this paper provides an Australian perspective on…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Grade Repetition, Kindergarten, Learning Problems
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Wong, Sandie; Press, Frances – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
In Australia, over 900,000 children attend some type of early childhood education and care service. Many of these children have learning difficulties and early childhood teachers play a significant role in identifying children's needs and working with other professionals to instigate and/or implement appropriate interventions. When educators and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Learning Problems, Preschool Teachers
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McLeod, Sharynne; Crowe, Kathryn; Masso, Sarah; Baker, Elise; McCormack, Jane; Wren, Yvonne; Roulstone, Susan; Howland, Charlotte – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
Speech sound disorders are a common communication difficulty in preschool children. Teachers indicate difficulty identifying and supporting these children. The aim of this research was to describe speech and language characteristics of children identified by their parents and/or teachers as having possible communication concerns. 275 Australian 4-…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Speech Impairments
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Wheldall, Kevin; Wheldall, Robyn; Madelaine, Alison; Reynolds, Meree; Arakelian, Sarah – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
An earlier series of pilot studies and small-scale experimental studies had previously provided some evidence for the efficacy of a small group early literacy intervention program for young struggling readers. The present paper provides further evidence for efficacy based on a much larger sample of young, socially disadvantaged, at-risk readers.…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Intervention, Literacy Education, Reading Difficulties
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Blick, Michele; Nicholson, Tom; Chapman, James; Berman, Jeanette – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
This study investigated the contribution of linguistic comprehension to the decoding skills of struggling readers. Participants were 36 children aged between eight and 12 years, all below average in decoding but differing in linguistic comprehension. The children read passages from the Neale Analysis of Reading Ability and their first 25 miscues…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Difficulties, Comprehension, Miscue Analysis
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Munro, John – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
Reading difficulties may have multiple causes. Effective approaches to reading intervention need to target the specific causes for individual readers. The Early Reading Intervention Knowledge program comprises three intervention pathways: a phonological-phonemic pathway, a phonic-orthographic pathway, and an oral language pathway. This study…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Reading Difficulties
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Harris, Geri Maria; Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
A severe deficit in handwriting is known as dysgraphia, a problem frequently associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Video self-modelling (VSM) has been proven effective for children with ASD in the strengthening of social skills, verbalizations, and daily living skills. Because VSM has demonstrated success in the acquisition of many types…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology, Intervention
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Dymock, Susan; Nicholson, Tom – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
The ubiquitous weekly spelling test assumes that words are best learned by memorisation and testing but is this the best way? This study compared two well-known approaches to spelling instruction, the rule based and visual memory approaches. A group of 55 seven-year-olds in two Year 3 classrooms was taught spelling in small groups for three…
Descriptors: Spelling Instruction, Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods
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Elben, Judy; Nicholson, Tom – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
The main purpose of this study was to examine whether the age at which children start to learn to read affects their later progress. The study was conducted in Zürich, Switzerland, and compared a first grade class in a local school with two first grade classes in a Montessori school. It was found that although the Montessori children had an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Alphabets, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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