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Harrison, Linda J.; McLeod, Sharynne; McAllister, Lindy; McCormack, Jane – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
This study sought to assess the level of correspondence between parent and teacher report of concern about young children's speech and specialist assessment of speech sound disorders (SSD). A sample of 157 children aged 4-5 years was recruited in preschools and long day care centres in Victoria and New South Wales (NSW). SSD was assessed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Impairments, Preschool Children, Child Care Centers
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Daniel, Graham R.; Wang, Cen – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
International evidence indicates there may be little or no academic benefit for children who are retained, and the possibility of negative long term socio-emotional outcomes for these children. Drawing on data from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 4464), this paper provides an Australian perspective on…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Grade Repetition, Kindergarten, Learning Problems
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Wong, Sandie; Press, Frances – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
In Australia, over 900,000 children attend some type of early childhood education and care service. Many of these children have learning difficulties and early childhood teachers play a significant role in identifying children's needs and working with other professionals to instigate and/or implement appropriate interventions. When educators and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Learning Problems, Preschool Teachers
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McLeod, Sharynne; Crowe, Kathryn; Masso, Sarah; Baker, Elise; McCormack, Jane; Wren, Yvonne; Roulstone, Susan; Howland, Charlotte – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
Speech sound disorders are a common communication difficulty in preschool children. Teachers indicate difficulty identifying and supporting these children. The aim of this research was to describe speech and language characteristics of children identified by their parents and/or teachers as having possible communication concerns. 275 Australian 4-…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Speech Impairments
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Wheldall, Kevin; Wheldall, Robyn; Madelaine, Alison; Reynolds, Meree; Arakelian, Sarah – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
An earlier series of pilot studies and small-scale experimental studies had previously provided some evidence for the efficacy of a small group early literacy intervention program for young struggling readers. The present paper provides further evidence for efficacy based on a much larger sample of young, socially disadvantaged, at-risk readers.…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Intervention, Literacy Education, Reading Difficulties
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Blick, Michele; Nicholson, Tom; Chapman, James; Berman, Jeanette – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
This study investigated the contribution of linguistic comprehension to the decoding skills of struggling readers. Participants were 36 children aged between eight and 12 years, all below average in decoding but differing in linguistic comprehension. The children read passages from the Neale Analysis of Reading Ability and their first 25 miscues…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Difficulties, Comprehension, Miscue Analysis
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Munro, John – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
Reading difficulties may have multiple causes. Effective approaches to reading intervention need to target the specific causes for individual readers. The Early Reading Intervention Knowledge program comprises three intervention pathways: a phonological-phonemic pathway, a phonic-orthographic pathway, and an oral language pathway. This study…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Reading Difficulties
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Harris, Geri Maria; Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
A severe deficit in handwriting is known as dysgraphia, a problem frequently associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Video self-modelling (VSM) has been proven effective for children with ASD in the strengthening of social skills, verbalizations, and daily living skills. Because VSM has demonstrated success in the acquisition of many types…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology, Intervention
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Dymock, Susan; Nicholson, Tom – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
The ubiquitous weekly spelling test assumes that words are best learned by memorisation and testing but is this the best way? This study compared two well-known approaches to spelling instruction, the rule based and visual memory approaches. A group of 55 seven-year-olds in two Year 3 classrooms was taught spelling in small groups for three…
Descriptors: Spelling Instruction, Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods
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Elben, Judy; Nicholson, Tom – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
The main purpose of this study was to examine whether the age at which children start to learn to read affects their later progress. The study was conducted in Zürich, Switzerland, and compared a first grade class in a local school with two first grade classes in a Montessori school. It was found that although the Montessori children had an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Alphabets, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Schaughency, Elizabeth; Suggate, Sebastian; Reese, Elaine – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
We examined earlier oral narrative and decoding and later reading in two samples spanning the first four years of reading instruction. The Year 1 sample (n = 44) was initially assessed after one year of instruction (M = 6; 1 years) and followed through their third year (M = 8; 1 years); the Year 2 sample (n = 34) assessed after two years of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Decoding (Reading), Oral Reading, Reading Fluency
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Woolley, Gary – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2016
The prevalence of children with autism spectrum disorders appears to be on the increase and educators are becoming more aware of their educational and social needs. In particular, many students with high-functioning autism have a deficit in reading comprehension. As a consequence, there is now a greater determination by educators to design the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Reading Comprehension
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Serry, Tanya A.; Liamputtong, Pranee; Rose, Miranda L.; Bretherton, Lesley – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2016
We examined the lived experiences of twelve parents of low-progress readers. Parents were recruited from five state schools in Melbourne and each participated in individual interviews. Analyses revealed that most children received Reading Recovery which was the first and often only option. Parents were divided regarding satisfaction with their…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Attitudes, Low Achievement, Reading Achievement
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Wheldall, Robyn; Glenn, Katharine; Arakelian, Sarah; Madelaine, Alison; Reynolds, Meree; Wheldall, Kevin – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2016
This study aimed to provide evidence regarding the efficacy of an early literacy preparation program, "PreLit", designed to improve the skills of young Australian children. Participants comprised 240 children in eight schools attending their first year of schooling. Children in the four experimental group schools received instruction in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Intervention, Emergent Literacy, Literacy Education
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Chapman, James W.; Tunmer, William E. – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2016
In critiquing our paper on "The literacy performance of ex-Reading Recovery students between two and four years following participation in the program: Is this intervention effective for students with early reading difficulties?", Schwartz argues that we have engaged in pursuing political and ideological agendas as part of our ongoing…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Programs, Reading Difficulties, Early Intervention
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