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Lenkeit, Jenny; Schwippert, Knut; Knigge, Michel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Research provides evidence that gender, immigrant background and socio-economic characteristics present multiple disadvantaging characteristics that change their relative importance and configurations over time. When evaluating inequalities researchers tend to focus on one particular aspect and often use composite measures when evaluating…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Brockmann, Michaela; Clarke, Linda; Winch, Christopher – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2009
The development of the European Qualification Framework (EQF) as a means of assessing the relative status of qualifications across the EU is described, together with its fundamental design characteristics, particularly the adoption of a "learning outcomes" approach. Ways in which it may be implemented, and possible difficulties in this,…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Barriers
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Valk, Aune – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2009
This paper focuses on the state of the art for recognition of prior experiential learning in European universities. Although recognition of prior learning and prior experiential learning have been officially stated as being important aims by national ministers of education in their Bologna Process communiques, implementation in the majority of…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Prior Learning, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries
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Doig, Brian – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, 2006
In this paper, I will argue that it is possible to use data from large-scale international and national mathematics assessment programmes, whose attention is on summative achievement, to provide formative information that informs teachers about the effects of their classroom practice. However, to have impact on, and be useful for, classroom…
Descriptors: Measurement, Mathematics Achievement, Formative Evaluation, Summative Evaluation
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Robertson, Isobel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, 2005
Scottish schools have provided performance data for five international surveys of attainment in mathematics since 1990. Performance measured against national targets and progression over time and between age-stages have been monitored nationally, on a regular basis, for 20 years, within the Assessment of Achievement Programme (AAP) (Scotland). The…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Surveys, Foreign Countries, International Studies