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Shepherd, Debra Lynne – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
The regional and cultural closeness of Botswana and South Africa, as well as differences in their political histories and language policy stances, offers a unique opportunity to evaluate the role of language in reading outcomes. This study aims to empirically test the effect of exposure to mother tongue and English instruction on the reading…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Grade 4, Native Language
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Solheim, Oddny Judith; Lundetrae, Kjersti – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Gender differences in reading seem to increase throughout schooling and then decrease or even disappear with age, but the reasons for this are unclear. In this study, we explore whether differences in the way "reading literacy" is operationalised can add to our understanding of varying gender differences in international large-scale…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Reading Achievement
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Walzebug, Anke; Kasper, Daniel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
In "Progress in International Reading Literacy Study" (PIRLS) educational inequalities are measured, amongst others, through the relationship between students' reading achievements and the home resource for learning (HRL) scale. By applying the partial credit model and using the WLE estimates for the person parameters it is accepted that…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Caro, Daniel H.; Kyriakides, Leonidas; Televantou, Ioulia – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Omitted prior achievement bias is pervasive in international assessment studies and precludes causal inference. For example, reported negative associations between student-oriented teaching strategies and student performance are against expectations and might actually reflect omitted prior achievement bias. Namely, that these teaching strategies…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Grade 4
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Rutkowski, David – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
In this article I advocate for a new discussion in the field of international large-scale assessments; one that calls for a reexamination of international large-scale assessments (ILSAs) and their use. Expanding on the high-quality work in this special issue I focus on three inherent limitations to international large-scale assessments noted by…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Reading Achievement
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Lenkeit, Jenny; Schwippert, Knut; Knigge, Michel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Research provides evidence that gender, immigrant background and socio-economic characteristics present multiple disadvantaging characteristics that change their relative importance and configurations over time. When evaluating inequalities researchers tend to focus on one particular aspect and often use composite measures when evaluating…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Baird, Jo-Anne; Andrich, David; Hopfenbeck, Therese N.; Stobart, Gordon – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
Educational assessments define what aspects of learning will formally be given credit and therefore have a huge impact upon teaching and learning. Although the impact of high-stakes national and international assessments on teaching and learning is considered in the literature, remarkably, there is little research on the connection between…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning Theories, Psychological Evaluation, Test Theory
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Briggs, Derek C. – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
In the United States, students have historically taken large-scale assessments for many different purposes. One purpose that is shared with many other countries is a desire to monitor aggregate trends in educational attainment in core subject domains such as literacy, mathematics, and science. In this commentary, the author examines testing,…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning Theories, Learning, Psychometrics
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Pellegrino, James W. – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
In this commentary on this issue's focus article by Baird et al., Pellegrino focuses first on the fundamental nature of educational assessment and its connection to theories, models, and data on learning. He then discusses the contemporary views of learning in the form of learning progressions as they relate to assessment development. In the third…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning Theories, International Assessment, Learning
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Schoenfeld, Alan H. – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
The challenge of "educational" assessments--assessments that advance the purposes of learning and instruction--is to provide useful information regarding students' progress towards the goals of instruction in ways that are reliable and not idiosyncratic. In this commentary, the author indicates that the challenges are actually more…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning, Student Evaluation, Psychometrics
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Alderson, J. Charles; Brunfaut, Tineke; Harding, Luke – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
In this commentary, the authors have set out some areas where they see overlaps between the original position paper and the current discussion around theory and practice in language assessment, the key consideration of washback, and the need for a greater awareness of, and engagement with, the assessment literacy of policy-makers and other key…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning Theories, Language Tests, Second Languages
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Goldstein, Harvey – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
The author's commentary focuses more on the quantitative discussion about educational assessment of the original article than on the idea of the assessment for learning, which did not raise any substantial issues. He starts by offering some general comments on the paper. He feels the authors made a number of assumptions about quantitative…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Statistical Analysis, International Assessment, Learning Theories
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Resnick, Lauren B.; Schantz, Faith – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
It is nearly impossible today to discuss education without considering testing and evaluation. In the opening article of this volume, professors Baird, Andrich, Hopfenbeck, and Stobart (2017) lay out the challenge of putting learning and teaching first, tracing the development of the science of educational assessment and raising the question…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning, Educational Quality, Testing
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Baird, Jo-Anne; Andrich, David; Hopfenbeck, Therese N.; Stobart, Gordon – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
In response to the commentaries to their original article, the authors thank the commentators for their remarks and note that there is some general consensus across the commentaries around some major themes: (1) the lack of articulation between assessment and learning theories, particularly in relation to large-scale testing used for…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Learning Theories, Test Theory, International Assessment
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Kane, Michael T. – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2017
In response to an argument by Baird, Andrich, Hopfenbeck and Stobart (2017), Michael Kane states that there needs to be a better fit between educational assessment and learning theory. In line with this goal, Kane will examine how psychometric constraints might be loosened by relaxing some psychometric "rules" in some assessment…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Psychometrics, Standards, Test Reliability
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