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Abu Bakar, Mardiana; Yong Kwok, Boon; Abu Bakar, Aznan – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2020
Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) has been the backbone of Singapore's push to build an industrialised workforce and is currently responsible for the post-secondary education of 65% of its Primary 1 cohort. Admissions to polytechnics increased from 5% of Primary 1 cohort in 1980 to 40% today while the Institute of Technical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Job Skills, Employment Qualifications
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Lee, Jaekyung; Kang, Chungseo – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2019
This study challenges prior evidence on the impact of Korea's high-stakes school accountability policy as a tool to improve overall achievement and close achievement gaps. Applying difference-in-differences method, the study compares Korean high school students' reading and math test score trends before and after the policy based on the National…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Accountability, Educational Policy, High Stakes Tests
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Wong, Yi-Lee; Zhou, Yisu – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2017
While the existence of a class, gender, or ethnic gap in educational attainment is well documented for many societies, how the practice of grade retention contributes to these patterns of educational inequality has been inadequately addressed. Given that grade retention is commonly practised in Macao, Macao is used as a case for illustration.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade Repetition, Equal Education, Secondary School Students
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Berge, Britt-Marie; Chounlamany, Kongsy; Khounphilaphanh, Bounchanh; Silfver, Ann-Louise – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2017
This article explores possibilities and constraints for the inclusion of female and ethnic minority students in Lao education in order to provide education for all. Females and ethnic minorities have traditionally been disadvantaged in Lao education and reforms for the inclusion of these groups are therefore welcome. The article provides rich…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Females, Minority Group Students, Minority Group Teachers
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Yang, Hsing-Chen; You, Mei-Hui – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2017
With discourse analyses, this paper attempts to review the research development of relationship education in Taiwan for nearly a decade after the "Gender Equity Education Act" was announced in 2004, including the research topics generated, the knowledge accumulated, and the results achieved. This paper focuses not only on how the power…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Interpersonal Relationship, Foreign Countries, Discourse Analysis
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Lim, Leonel – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2013
Meritocracy functions in Singapore as the key principle of governance and educational distribution. However, the concept of meritocracy itself contains a number of inherent contradictions, most evidently witnessed in the tension between its egalitarian and elitist strands. This tension is documented in the recommendations of Singapore's recent…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Ideology
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Jeong, Dong Wook; Kim, Young-sik; Hong, Ji-young – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2013
A dearth of literature examines across-school disparities in education resources within local government agencies, particularly in Asia Pacific countries. Little is known about what leads to their inequitable distributions. In this article, we provide some answers by decomposing the inequalities of school resources. In Korea, individual schools…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Equal Education, Educational Equity (Finance), Resource Allocation
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Turner, Rolf; Shulruf, Boaz; Li, Meisong; Yuan, Johnson – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2012
University entrance criteria can be a contentious topic, particularly in respect of equity. In this paper we discuss studies which demonstrate that revisions of entrance criteria which are designed with no explicit reference to equity issues can have a surprisingly positive impact on the fractions of disadvantaged subgroups admitted. We…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Statistical Significance, Foreign Countries, Equal Education
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Chan, Wing Kit; Ngok, Kinglun – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2011
Since 1999, the expansion of higher education has been viewed as an important step in accumulating human capital for China that was to gradually open its domestic sectors to the global market at a turbulent time at the turn of the century. Recent studies suggest that the improvement of human capital has succeeded in preparing China with a solid…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Human Capital, Equal Education, Disadvantaged
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Tan, Jason – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2010
Compulsory education was legislated in Singapore in 2000. This came several decades after the attainment of universal primary education and after numerous assertions on the part of the government that such legislation was unnecessary. Also interesting is that the period of compulsory education was limited to six years. The article discusses the…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Role of Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Legislation
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Tsung, Linda; Clarke, Matthew – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2010
A vast array of cultural traditions and languages can be found among China's 55 legally recognized minority nationalities. Mother tongue education has been the norm for several of the large minority groups (namely, Koreans, Kazaks, Mongolians, Tibetans, and Uyghurs) for most of the time since 1949. This article, which is based on empirical data,…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Ethnicity
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Lin, Tingjin – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2009
Elitism argues that the values and experiences of the political elite shape policy, while institutionalism contends that an individual's behaviour is constrained by institutional settings. This article shows that both perspectives work well overall, while offering persuasive arguments, but the former is dominated by the latter. This explains the…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Ideology, Foreign Countries, Politics of Education
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Chae, Jae-Eun; Hong, Hee Kyung – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2009
This article explores the role of the Korean government in expanding private higher education over time and attempts to examine the impact of such expansion on access to and equity in higher education. The enrolment rate in Korean higher education has increased to over 80% within the past 60 years. This can be attributed to two factors: the rapid…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Universities, Private Colleges, Academic Aspiration
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Shields, Robin; Rappleye, Jeremy – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2008
This paper investigates the relationship between educational policy, equity, and national development in Nepal. It argues that current inequities in educational opportunities and outcomes are largely attributable to persistent inequities and biases in the educational policy framework. We begin by surveying the complex, multifaceted reality of…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Opportunities, Educational Policy
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Koirala-Azad, Shabnam – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2008
This paper is based on a participatory research project with four Nepali high school students. This study provides analyses and perspectives of the "insiders", unlike most research on higher education, which is produced through the government. These student testimonies not only expose some of the deep inequalities in educational quality…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries, Educational Opportunities