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Mahmud, Rafsan; Bray, Mark – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2017
Private supplementary tutoring has long existed in Bangladesh, as elsewhere in the world, but in recent decades has become much more visible. Much tutoring "shadows" or reproduces formal schooling as fee-based academic teaching outside school hours. This paper focuses on school factors that shape demand for private supplementary tutoring…
Descriptors: Tutoring, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Kwo, Ora; Bray, Mark – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2014
While research is increasingly available on the scale and costs of private supplementary tutoring, less information focuses on its pedagogical dimensions. This paper addresses patterns in Hong Kong. The paper begins with the quantitative picture solicited through questionnaires for students in Grades 9 and 12, and then turns to data from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Tutoring, Questionnaires
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Bray, Mark; Manzon, Maria – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2014
The institutional framework of the field of comparative education has developed significantly in recent decades. One manifestation of development has been the establishment and activities of professional societies. This paper focuses on 12 societies that operate in Asia and the Pacific. Some of these societies have long histories while others are…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Periodicals, Conferences (Gatherings)