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ERIC Number: EJ1184757
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1041-679X
Compliment Responses of Non-­Native Speakers of Japanese in Natural Conversation versus Classroom Talk
Kitajima, Ryu
Applied Language Learning, v28 n2 p49-72 2018
The field of L2 pragmatics demonstrates the effect of instructional intervention on the development of L2 learners' pragmatic competence. Nevertheless, effective instruction requires knowledge of pragmatic performances of L2 learners in naturally occurring conversations, in comparison to those of the target community speakers. This study, using a conversation analytic approach, examines responses of American students of Japanese to compliments issued by native speakers (NS) of Japanese in a dyadic interaction in three different settings: naturally occurring conversations between NSs and nonnative speakers (NNS) outside of classroom, free-topic conversations, and fixed-topic conversations between NSs and NNSs in a classroom setting. The results show that naturally occurring conversations outside of the classroom occasionally provide NNSs with a dispreferred environment which orients them to steer the interactional trajectory to negotiate and create affiliative relations with the interlocutors, using so-called evading strategies, which are often used among speakers of the target community. In contrast, such a sequential environment was not observed in the conversations in a classroom setting.
Defense Language Institute, Foreign Language Center. Academic Journals, 1759 Lewis Road Suite 142, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, CA 93944-5006. Tel: 831-242-5638; Fax: 831-242-5850; e-mail:; Website:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language