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McNulty Diaz, Erin – Applied Language Learning, 2017
The two main components of Processing Instruction (PI) are Explicit Information (EI) and Structured Input (SI). Most researchers have concluded that the SI is more responsible for learner gains than the EI (Benati, 2004a, 2004b; VanPatten & Oikennon, 1996; Wong, 2004). However, some researchers have found that EI does significantly impact…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Processing, Teaching Methods
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Gan, Zhengdong; Stapleton, Paul; Yang, Chi Cheung Ruby – Applied Language Learning, 2015
A much under-researched issue in higher education is the extent to which English-medium university courses help students improve their English proficiency in an ESL context. Adopting a longitudinal, mixed methods design in which quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed, the current study tracked English language improvement,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Longitudinal Studies
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Burnham, Kevin R. – Applied Language Learning, 2014
In this experiment we evaluate phonetic training as a tool for language learning. Specifically, we take a group of native speakers (NS) of English (n=24) currently enrolled in Arabic classes at American universities, and evaluate the effectiveness of a high variability phonetic training program (HVPT) to improve their perception of a difficult…
Descriptors: Phonetics, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Ahn, Seongmee – Applied Language Learning, 2012
Within the input and interaction research paradigm, how learners' individual differences play a role in using learning opportunities during interaction has become one of the main areas of investigation. Recasts have also received much attention in interaction research. This paper explores the extent to which individual differences in grammatical…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Language Aptitude, Grammar, Native Speakers
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Baker-Smemoe, Wendy; Cundick, Denisa K.; Evans, Norman; Henrichsen, Lynn; Dewey, Dan P. – Applied Language Learning, 2012
This study investigated the relationship between out-of-class L2 use and proficiency gains in learners of English as a second language (ESL) in an intensive English language program. In contrast to previous studies on this topic, which have found weak, non-existent or even inverse relationships between out-of-class language experience and L2…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), English (Second Language), Language Enrichment, Semi Structured Interviews
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Gonzales-Bueno, Manuela; Quintana-Lara, Marcela – Applied Language Learning, 2011
The goal of this study is to pilot test whether the instructional approach known as Processing Instruction could be adapted to the teaching of second language (L2) pronunciation. The target sounds selected were the Spanish tap and trill. Three groups of high school students of Spanish as a foreign language participated in the study. One group…
Descriptors: Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Pronunciation Instruction, Auditory Perception
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Cheng, An Chung; Mojica-Diaz, Clara C. – Applied Language Learning, 2006
It has been assumed that combining living in a native speech community with formal classroom instruction creates an ideal learning environment for foreign language learners. This study examines the extent to which formal instruction affects the oral discourse of advanced learners in target-language speaking environments. From a discourse…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Spanish, Second Language Learning, Verbs
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Barcroft, Joe – Applied Language Learning, 2003
This study examined input enhancement and second language (L2) vocabulary learning while exploring the role of "distinctiveness," the degree to which an item in the input diverges from the form in which other items in the input are presented, with regard to the nature and direction of the effects of enhancement. In this study,…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development, Spanish, Measures (Individuals)