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Baker-Smemoe, Wendy; Cundick, Denisa K.; Evans, Norman; Henrichsen, Lynn; Dewey, Dan P. – Applied Language Learning, 2012
This study investigated the relationship between out-of-class L2 use and proficiency gains in learners of English as a second language (ESL) in an intensive English language program. In contrast to previous studies on this topic, which have found weak, non-existent or even inverse relationships between out-of-class language experience and L2…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), English (Second Language), Language Enrichment, Semi Structured Interviews
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Martinsen, Rob A.; Baker, Wendy; Dewey, Dan P.; Bown, Jennifer; Johnson, Cary – Applied Language Learning, 2010
This study compared the amount of the second language (L2) use and linguistic gains made by students in three short-term language immersion programs: (1) traditional study abroad, (2) service-oriented study abroad, and (3) foreign language (FL) housing. These were chosen because they represent three distinct program types, providing students with…
Descriptors: Immersion Programs, Comparative Analysis, Service Learning, Housing
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Carrell, Patricia L.; Dunkel, Patricia A.; Mollaun, Pamela – Applied Language Learning, 2004
With the goal of improving the reliability and validity of tests of English as a foreign language, in particular with respect to the question of whether to allow notetaking on EFL/ESL computer-based listening comprehension tests, the present study examined the effects on ESL listening comprehension of notetaking (allowed or disallowed) in relation…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Listening Comprehension Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Notetaking