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Holman, Don – Applied Language Learning, 2017
Whereas the Interagency Language Roundtable Language Skill Level Descriptions broke new ground for assessing proficiency in foreign languages, the need for user-oriented (rather than assessment-oriented) proficiency scales has led, especially in Europe, to the creation of scales consisting of positively formulated "can-do" statements,…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Language Skills
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Hubert, Michael D.; Vigil, Donny – Applied Language Learning, 2017
Adult second/foreign language acquisition is extremely challenging for many learners, with pronunciation often the one aspect in which otherwise very proficient language users fall short. Although a great deal of research has found that formal instruction in phonetics/phonology may improve learner pronunciation, no study has yet addressed the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Pronunciation Instruction
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McNulty Diaz, Erin – Applied Language Learning, 2017
The two main components of Processing Instruction (PI) are Explicit Information (EI) and Structured Input (SI). Most researchers have concluded that the SI is more responsible for learner gains than the EI (Benati, 2004a, 2004b; VanPatten & Oikennon, 1996; Wong, 2004). However, some researchers have found that EI does significantly impact…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Processing, Teaching Methods
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Santizo, Isabelle Poupard – Applied Language Learning, 2017
This quantitative study focuses on the relationship between foreign language learners' aptitude and proficiency test scores. Four groups of 136 beginning students received six months of Initial Acquisition Training (IAT) in four different language categories, according to the level of complexity for an English speaker: French (Category I),…
Descriptors: Correlation, Language Aptitude, Language Proficiency, French
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Miller, Zachary F. – Applied Language Learning, 2016
This study examined whether cadets at a U.S. service academy perceived attitudinal differences toward their military and civilian L2 instructors along three variables: foreign language expertise, communicative anxiety, and relatability. Cadets' proficiency levels (divided by beginning and intermediate classes) and current instructor (civilian or…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Statistical Analysis
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Koyama, Nobuko – Applied Language Learning, 2016
This case study presents a description and outline of a dubbing activity in which students utilized their basic linguistic skills holistically. Authentic materials such as television dramas and feature films are "a rich repository of various speech acts, lexicon and linguistic emotivity" (Koyama, 2009) and as such have the potential to…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Japanese, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Danan, Martine – Applied Language Learning, 2016
Through an analysis of students' reactions to transcription exercises, this exploratory study examined some of the differences between two forms of written help enhancing listening passages--second language (L2) captions and transcripts. This primarily qualitative analysis highlighted the role that student proficiency levels may have played in…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Listening Comprehension, Language Proficiency, Layout (Publications)
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David, Virginia – Applied Language Learning, 2016
This study compares learners' writing in an impromptu, timed writing (ITW) exam and in a process-based, timed writing (PBTW) exam to investigate the differences between these two types of assessments. A secondary objective of this study is to examine the test takers' attitudes towards the two exams. Forty participants taking ESL writing classes…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Second Language Learning, Essays, Writing Evaluation
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Hedgcock, John S.; Lefkowitz, Natalie – Applied Language Learning, 2016
Research on heritage language (HL) development and education has characterized the unique linguistic, sociocultural, and affective profiles of heritage-language (HL) students, yet foreign-language (FL) education has only begun to understand HL students in relation to non-heritage students (Carreira & Kagan, 2011; Felix, 2008). To deepen our…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Language Attitudes
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Hernández, Todd A. – Applied Language Learning, 2016
Previous studies have shown that study abroad has a positive effect on second language (L2) learning outcomes for students who spend at least a semester abroad. It is unclear, however, whether a short-term experience also has a measurable impact on L2 development. The present study examines the relationship between speaking proficiency gains made…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Summer Programs, Study Abroad
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Yang, Li; Zhu, Jia – Applied Language Learning, 2016
This study investigates the effects of instruction on learners' pragmatic competence by integrating pragmatic consciousness-raising (PCR) activities into a beginning-level Chinese language course during one academic semester. The study also examines the effect of integrating the PCR activities, i.e., before or after the instruction of a…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Consciousness Raising, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Oxford, Rebecca L. – Applied Language Learning, 2015
Emotion is "the primary human motive" (MacIntyre, 2002, p. 61). The human brain is an emotional brain, creating relationships among thought, emotion, and motivation in a complex dynamic system (Dörnyei, 2009). Emotion "functions as an amplifier, providing the intensity, urgency, and energy to propel our behavior" in…
Descriptors: Emotional Development, Psychiatry, Second Language Learning, Emotional Response
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Bohn, Mariko Tajima – Applied Language Learning, 2015
This study examines student perspectives on gender differences in Japanese speech. Expanding on a small-scale survey by Siegal & Okamoto (2003) that investigated the views of eleven Japanese-language college teachers, this study analyzes 238 questionnaire responses from 220 Japanese-language students at four universities and a US government…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Gender Differences, Language Styles
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Gan, Zhengdong; Stapleton, Paul; Yang, Chi Cheung Ruby – Applied Language Learning, 2015
A much under-researched issue in higher education is the extent to which English-medium university courses help students improve their English proficiency in an ESL context. Adopting a longitudinal, mixed methods design in which quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed, the current study tracked English language improvement,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Longitudinal Studies
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Vefali, Gülsen Musayeva; Ayan, Hatice Ç. – Applied Language Learning, 2015
This survey study aimed to explore EFL learners' (de)motivation in the preparatory classes at a tertiary institution in Northern Cyprus. It administered questionnaires to 105 preparatory learners and 30 language teachers. The statistical analysis revealed the Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient of 0.88 for the Learners' version, and 0.89 for…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Surveys, Teacher Attitudes
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