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Showing 1 to 15 of 198 results Save | Export
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Vézina, Marie-Pier; Poulin, François – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Current knowledge of intraindividual longitudinal patterns of civic participation (CP) and their predictors remains limited. As life cycle trends are showing a decline in civic/political involvement during early adulthood years, increased understanding of these aspects could enhance efforts to promote greater and/or sustained CP trajectories among…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Citizen Participation, Young Adults, Predictor Variables
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Denault, Anne-Sophie; Poulin, François – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
To examine whether trajectories of participation in organized activities during the high school years and beyond (from ages 14 to 20) predicted outcomes at age 21 (externalizing problems, internalizing problems, civic engagement, number of years of education, and perception of physical health), 354 youths (60% girls) were surveyed annually over…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Young Adults, Participation
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Yeomans-Maldonado, Gloria; Justice, Laura M.; Logan, Jessica A. R. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
The current study was designed to determine whether classroom quality (i.e., the quality of teacher--child interactions) served as a mediator of peer effects with respect to preschool children's gain in language skills over an academic year. Participants were 670 preschool-age children (64.6% boys; "M" = 4 years, 4 months, "SD"…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Preschool Children, Language Skills, Special Education
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Forgeard, Marie J. C.; Benson, Lizbeth – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
A minimal amount is known regarding the mechanisms underlying the potential benefits of extracurricular activities (ECAs) for adolescents' psychological adjustment. This preliminary cross-sectional study, during which 512 undergraduates retrospectively reported information about high school ECAs, used structural equation modeling to show that…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Adjustment (to Environment), Psychological Patterns, Undergraduate Students
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Cornu, Véronique; Schiltz, Christine; Pazouki, Tahereh; Martin, Romain – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Visuo-spatial training is considered a promising approach to provide young children with a sound foundation for later mathematical learning. We developed and implemented a tablet-based visuo-spatial intervention in kindergarten classrooms aiming to foster the development of children's visuo-spatial and numerical abilities. A sample of N = 125…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Training, Young Children
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Ettekal, Andrea Vest; Simpkins, Sandra D.; Schaefer, David R. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Overweight youth are often socially marginalized and have fewer friends than their nonoverweight peers. Participation in organized activities may be one way to promote friendships for overweight youth. In this study, we used a large nationally representative sample to test whether two aspects of participation promoted friendships, namely the…
Descriptors: Obesity, Social Bias, Peer Relationship, Youth
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Hagler, Matthew; Raposa, Elizabeth B.; Rhodes, Jean – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Youth who form bonds with supportive, nonparent adults within their existing social networks (i.e., natural mentors) experience a range of positive outcomes, but a relatively minimal amount is known regarding the psychosocial factors that prospectively predict the formation of natural mentoring relationships. Analyzing longitudinal youth data from…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Profiles, Adolescent Development, Social Development
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Luo, Rufan; McFadden, Karen E.; Bandel, Eileen T.; Vallotton, Claire – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We examined whether the early learning environment predicts children's 5th grade skills in 2,204 families from ethnically diverse, low-income backgrounds; tested the mediating roles of children's pre-kindergarten school-related skills and later learning environment; and asked whether lagged associations generalize across White, Black, Hispanic…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
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White, Elizabeth S.; Mistry, Rashmita S. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We examined the degree to which civic learning activities and civic discussion in the classroom were associated with children's civic engagement in the upper elementary grades. We also explored the types of civic activities used by teachers during middle childhood. Survey data were collected from 359 ethnically and economically diverse 4th-6th…
Descriptors: Civics, Learning Activities, Correlation, Learner Engagement
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Phillips, Deborah A.; Anderson, Sara; Gormley, William T., Jr. – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
To examine associations between participation in Tulsa's preschool programs and a set of middle-school attitudes, we used propensity score weighting to compare the Tulsa Public Schools (TPS) pre-K participants and, separately, the Community Action Project (CAP) Head Start participants to students who had attended neither TPS pre-K nor Head Start…
Descriptors: Correlation, Preschool Education, Middle School Students, Comparative Analysis
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Seider, Scott; Graves, Daren; El-Amin, Aaliyah; Soutter, Madora; Tamerat, Jalene; Jennett, Pauline; Clark, Shelby; Malhotra, Saira; Johannsen, Jamie – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
Sociopolitical consciousness refers to an individual's ability to critically analyze the political, economic, and social forces shaping society and one's status in it. A growing body of scholarship reports that high levels of sociopolitical consciousness are predictive in marginalized adolescents of a number of key outcomes including resilience…
Descriptors: Race, Social Class, Social Bias, Racial Bias
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Mello, Zena R.; Walker, Erica B.; Finan, Laura J.; Stiasny, AnneMarie; Wiggers, Isaac C. S.; McBroom, KrisAnn A.; Worrell, Frank C. – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
In this study, we compared the time perspectives of runaway and nonrunaway adolescents by examining relationships among time perspective, psychological outcomes, and risky behavior within runaways. Participants included 163 runaway and 581 nonrunaway adolescents who completed a self-report survey. Several dimensions of time perspective were…
Descriptors: Runaways, Adolescents, Time Perspective, Psychological Patterns
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McDermott, Elana R.; Anderson, Sara; Zaff, Jonathan F. – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
A large body of work has examined factors that push and pull youth to drop out. However, a relatively minimal amount of work has examined whether and how these factors cluster in individuals' lives preceding or concurrent to leaving school. This study used Latent Class Analysis with a national sample (N = 1,942) to examine how push, pull, and…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Individual Characteristics, Classification, Multivariate Analysis
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Urban, Jennifer Brown; Linver, Miriam R.; Thompson, Julie; Davidson, Ronnie; Lorimer, David – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
The importance of engaging in high quality program evaluation is a generally accepted principle underscored by external pressure from funders. High quality evaluation necessarily begins with good evaluation planning. This paper outlines Evolutionary Evaluation and specifically the Systems Evaluation Protocol, an approach that emphasizes…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Values Education, Systems Approach, Case Studies
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Albright, Jamie Nicole; Hurd, Noelle M. – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
Students from underrepresented groups are increasingly enrolling in 4-year institutions, yet they may face additional stressors upon entering college compared to majority peers. Supportive relationships with peers, parents, and natural mentors may foster successful adjustment to college among such students. The current study examined patterns of…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Disproportionate Representation, Mental Health, College Freshmen
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