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Showing 1 to 15 of 72 results Save | Export
Kogan, Vladimir; Lavertu, Stéphane; Peskowitz, Zachary – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
Political scientists have largely overlooked the democratic challenges inherent in the governance of U.S. public education--despite profound implications for educational delivery and, ultimately, social mobility and economic growth. In this study, we consider whether the interests of adult voters who elect school boards in each community are…
Descriptors: Democratic Values, Public Education, Voting, Boards of Education
Eble, Alex; Escueta, Maya – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
Aspirations shape important future-oriented behaviors, including educational investment. Higher family aspirations for children predict better educational outcomes in multiple developing countries. Unfortunately, aspirations sometimes outstrip people's ability to pursue them. We study the relationship between family aspirations for children and…
Descriptors: Parent Aspiration, Poverty, Academic Aspiration, Developing Nations
Sun, Min; Kennedy, Alec; Loeb, Susanna – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
School Improvement Grants (SIG) represent one type of governments' capacity-building investment to spur sustainable changes in America's persistently under-performing public schools. This study examines both short- and long-run effects of the first two cohorts of SIG schools from two states and two urban districts across the country. Using dynamic…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Grants, Longitudinal Studies, Outcomes of Education
Kuhfeld, Megan; Soland, James; Tarasawa, Beth; Johnson, Angela; Ruzek, Erik; Liu, Jing – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
With 55 million students in the United States out of school due to the COVID-19 pandemic, education systems are scrambling to meet the needs of schools and families, including planning how best to approach instruction in the fall given students may be farther behind than in a typical year. Yet, education leaders have little data on how much…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Academic Achievement
Latham, Scott; Corcoran, Sean P.; Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn; Jennings, Jennifer L. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
New York City's universal pre-kindergarten program, which increased full-day enrollment from 19,000 to almost 70,000 children, is ambitious in both scale and implementation speed. We provide new evidence on the distribution of pre-K quality in NYC by student race/ethnicity, and investigate the extent to which observed differences are associated…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Educational Quality
White, Terrenda C.; Bristol, Travis J.; Britton, Tolani A. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
Researchers have noted the importance of equity-based approaches to social and emotional learning (SEL), which emphasize the role of school environment, including adult beliefs, in student well-being. This article builds on this work by examining 129 teachers' perceptions of efficacy in SEL. While participants worked in urban schools, were…
Descriptors: Social Emotional Learning, Urban Schools, Teacher Attitudes, Disadvantaged
Dalane, Kari; Marcotte, Dave E. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
Over the past three decades, children from low-income families and those from more affluent families have increasingly been attending different public schools. While recent work has helped us understand patterns of income segregation between districts and schools within districts, we know very little about segregation of students as they…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Public Schools, Family Income, Educational Discrimination
Santibanez, Lucrecia; Guarino, Cassandra – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
In March 2020, most schools in the United States closed their doors and transitioned to distance learning in an effort to contain COVID-19. During the transition a significant number of students did not fully engage in these learning opportunities due to resource or other constraints. An urgent question for schools around the nation is how much…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Distance Education
Johnson, Angela – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
This study reports achievement levels and fall-to-spring gains in grades K to 8 for three groups of English Learners (ELs): (a) ever-ELs who were ever eligible for service; (b) current-ELs who continue to require service; and (b) dually-identified students eligible for both EL and Special Education services. I leverage unique data that include…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Achievement Gap, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
Kraft, Matthew A.; Simon, Nicole S.; Lyon, Melissa Arnold – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
COVID-19 shuttered schools across the United States, upending traditional approaches to education. We examine teachers' experiences during emergency remote teaching in the spring of 2020 using responses to a working conditions survey from a sample of 7,841 teachers across 206 schools and 9 states. Teachers reported a range of challenges related to…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Teaching Conditions, School Closing
Gurantz, Oded; Wielga, Christopher – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
COVID has led colleges to brace for potential enrollment declines in the Fall, which would devastate budgets and potentially decrease the likelihood a student ever earns a degree. We take an early look at California's FAFSA applications up through mid-June, to anticipate how students may be responding to this crisis. We find that COVID did not…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Student Financial Aid, Financial Aid Applicants
Hartney, Michael T.; Finger, Leslie K. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique opportunity to examine how local governments respond to a public health crisis amid high levels of partisan polarization and an increasing tendency for local issues to become nationalized. As an arena that has, in recent years, been relatively separate from national partisan divides, public schools provide a…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Public Education, Government Role
Doss, Christopher; Fricke, Hans; Loeb, Susanna – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
This study assesses the effects of two text-messaging programs for parents that aim to support the development of math skills in prekindergarten students. One program focuses purely on math, while the other takes an identical approach but focuses on a combination of math, literacy, and social-emotional skills. We find no evidence that the…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Mathematics Skills, Preschool Children
Bird, Kelli A.; Castleman, Benjamin L.; Lohner, Gabrielle – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic led to an abrupt shift from in-person to virtual instruction in Spring 2020. Using a difference-in-differences framework that leverages within-course variation on whether students started their Spring 2020 courses in person or online, we estimate the impact of this shift on the academic performance of Virginia's community…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Online Courses, Electronic Learning
Jackson, C. Kirabo; Porter, Shanette C.; Easton, John Q.; Kiguel, Sebastian – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2020
We estimate the longer-run effects of attending an effective high school (one that improves a combination of test scores, survey measures of socio-emotional development and behaviours in 9th grade) for students who are more versus less "educationally advantaged" (i.e., likely to attain more years of education based on 8th-grade…
Descriptors: High Schools, School Effectiveness, At Risk Students, Graduation Rate
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