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Showing 1 to 15 of 129 results Save | Export
Lynch, Kathleen; An, Lily; Mancenido, Zid – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
We present results from a meta-analysis of 37 experimental and quasi-experimental studies of summer programs in mathematics for children in Grades pre-K-12, examining what resources and characteristics predict stronger student achievement. Children who participated in summer programs that included mathematics activities experienced significantly…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Mathematics Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Preschool Education
Comstock, Meghan; Shores, Kenneth A.; Polanco, Camila; Litke, Erica; Hill, Kirsten Lee; Desimone, Laura M. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
As states and districts expand their goals for equitable mathematics instruction to focus on cultural responsiveness and rigor, it is critical to understand how teachers integrate multiple teaching approaches. Drawing on survey data from a larger study of professional learning, we use mixture modeling to identify seven unique ways that middle…
Descriptors: Culturally Relevant Education, Mathematics Instruction, Self Efficacy, Equal Education
Sims, Sam; Fletcher-Wood, Harry; O'Mara-Eves, Alison; Cottingham, Sarah; Stansfield, Claire; Goodrich, Josh; Van Herwegen, Jo; Anders, Jake – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
Multiple meta-analyses have now documented small positive effects of teacher professional development (PD) on pupil test scores. However, the field lacks any validated explanatory account of what differentiates more from less effective in-service training. As a result, researchers have little in the way of advice for those tasked with designing or…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Meta Analysis, Educational Theories, Comparative Analysis
Rury, Derek – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
To study beliefs about ability and STEM major choice, I conduct a field experiment where I provide students with information that they are above average in their top fields of study. I find that STEM students are more likely to switch out of their major and that non-STEM students fail to switch into STEM at the same rates as other fields. I also…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), College Students, Academic Ability
Phipps, Aaron – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
Using administrative data from D.C. Public Schools, I use exogenous variation in the presence and intensity of teacher monitoring to show it significantly improves student test scores and reduces suspensions. Uniquely, my setting allows me to separately identify the effect of pre-evaluation monitoring from post-evaluation feedback. Monitoring's…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Public Schools, Teacher Evaluation, Accountability
Arold, Benjamin W.; Woessmann, Ludger; Zierow, Larissa – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
We study whether compulsory religious education in schools affects students' religiosity as adults. We exploit the staggered termination of compulsory religious education across German states in models with state and cohort fixed effects. Using three different datasets, we find that abolishing compulsory religious education significantly reduced…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Religious Education, Educational Change, Foreign Countries
Gottfried, Michael; Little, Michael; Ansari, Arya – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2022
The benefits of student-teacher ethnoracial matching on student outcomes--ranging from academic achievement to postsecondary attainment--are well documented. Yet, we know far less about the role of student-teacher ethnoracial matching in the earliest grades school and on less about effects on non-academic outcomes. The purpose of this study is to…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Ethnicity, Racial Composition, Minority Group Teachers
Kogan, Vladimir; Lavertu, St├ęphane; Peskowitz, Zachary – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
Political scientists have largely overlooked the democratic challenges inherent in the governance of U.S. public education--despite profound implications for educational delivery and, ultimately, social mobility and economic growth. In this study, we consider whether the interests of adult voters who elect school boards in each community are…
Descriptors: Democratic Values, Public Education, Voting, Boards of Education
Eble, Alex; Escueta, Maya – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
Aspirations shape important future-oriented behaviors, including educational investment. Higher family aspirations for children predict better educational outcomes in multiple developing countries. Unfortunately, aspirations sometimes outstrip people's ability to pursue them. We study the relationship between family aspirations for children and…
Descriptors: Parent Aspiration, Poverty, Academic Aspiration, Developing Nations
Hill, Heather C.; Mancenido, Zid; Loeb, Susanna – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
Despite calls for more evidence regarding the effectiveness of teacher education practices, causal research in the field remains rare. One reason is that we lack designs and measurement approaches that appropriately meet the challenges of causal inference in the context of teacher education programs. This article provides a framework for how to…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Practices, Program Effectiveness, Teacher Education Programs
Camp, Andrew; Zamarro, Gema – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
A growing body of research and popular reporting shows racial differences in school modality choices during the COVID-19 crisis, with white students more likely to attend school in person. This in-person learning gap raises serious equity concerns. We use unique panel survey data to explore possible explanations. We find that a combination of…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Ethnicity, Racial Differences
Levinson, Meira; Geller, Alan C.; Allen, Joseph G. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
At least 25 million K-12 students in the U.S.--disproportionately children of color from low-income families--have been physically out of school for a full year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These children are at risk of significant academic, social, mental, and physical harm now and in the long-term; it is thus essential that all students gain…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, School Safety
von Hippel, Paul T. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
In an effort to reduce viral transmission, many schools are planning to reduce class size if they have not reduced it already. Yet the effect of class size on transmission is unknown. To determine whether smaller classes reduce school absence, especially when community disease prevalence is high, we merge data from the Project STAR randomized…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Disease Control, Class Size
Bulman, George; Fairlie, Robert – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
Enrollment increased slightly at both the California State University and University of California systems in fall 2020, but the effects of the pandemic on enrollment in the California Community College system are mostly unknown and might differ substantially from the effects on 4-year colleges. This paper provides the first analysis of how the…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Community Colleges, Enrollment Trends
Schueler, Beth; West, Martin R. – Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2021
We study an early effort amid the COVID-19 pandemic to develop new approaches to virtually serving students, supporting teachers, and promoting equity. This five-week, largely synchronous, summer program served 11,769 rising 4th-9th graders. "Mentor teachers" provided PD and videos of themselves teaching daily lessons to "partner…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Educational Technology
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