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Tibi, Sana; Edwards, Ashley A.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Kirby, John R. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The distinctive features of the Arabic language and orthography offer opportunities to investigate multiple word characteristics at the item level. The aim of this paper was to model differences in word reading at the item level among 3rd grade native Arabic-speaking children (n = 303) using cross-classified generalized random-effects (CCGRE)…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Morphology (Languages), Native Speakers, Elementary School Students
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Steacy, Laura M.; Fuchs, Douglas; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Kearns, Devin M.; Elleman, Amy M.; Edwards, Ashley A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine word learning efficiency in at-risk first grade students (N = 93) participating in a yearlong study evaluating a multicomponent intervention targeting word reading and decoding skills. As part of each intervention lesson, students participated in a 1 to 3-min sight word reading activity in which…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Grade 1
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Compton, Donald L.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Kearns, Devin M.; Olson, Richard K. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The orthographic choice (OC) task--requiring individuals to choose the correct spelling between a word and a pseudohomophone foil (e.g., "goat" vs. "gote")--has been used as an outcome measure of orthographic learning and as a predictor of individual differences in word reading development. Some consider the OC task a measure…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Spelling, Reading Skills, Word Recognition
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Petscher, Yaacov; Compton, Donald L.; Steacy, Laura; Kinnon, Hannah – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
Models of word reading that simultaneously take into account item-level and person-level fixed and random effects are broadly known as explanatory item response models (EIRM). Although many variants of the EIRM are available, the field has generally focused on the doubly explanatory model for modeling individual differences on item responses.…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Reading Skills, Individual Differences, Models
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van der Kleij, S. W.; Segers, E.; Groen, M. A.; Verhoeven, L. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2019
The goal of this study was to examine the post-treatment development of word and pseudoword accuracy and fluency and its cognitive and linguistic predictors in Dutch children with dyslexia compared with typical readers in the upper primary grades. Word and pseudoword reading accuracy and fluency were assessed at the start and end of grade 5 and at…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Fluency, Reading Skills, Accuracy
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Conrad, Amy Lynn – Annals of Dyslexia, 2019
Children with isolated cleft of the lip and/or palate (iCL/P) are at increased risk for reading impairment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of early risk factors (hearing, speech, and early literacy) on reading performance compared to unaffected participants with average (uAR) and impaired (uIR) reading. Reading achievement…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Congenital Impairments, Reading Difficulties, Dyslexia
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Lockiewicz, Marta; Jaskulska, Martyna – Annals of Dyslexia, 2019
The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between NL (Native Language: Polish) phonological processing skills (verbal and phonological short-term memory, phoneme segmentation and blending, rapid automatised naming (RAN)) and the accuracy and fluency of NL and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) word and nonword decoding and word…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Correlation, Phonological Awareness, Phonemes
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Lauterbach, Alexandra A.; Park, Yujeong; Lombardino, Linda J. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
This study aimed to (a) explore the roles of cognitive and language variables in predicting reading abilities of two groups of individuals with reading disabilities (i.e., dyslexia and specific language impairment) and (b) examine which variable(s) is the most predictive in differentiating two groups. Inclusion/exclusion criteria applied to…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties, Language Impairments
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Giménez, A.; Ortiz, A.; López-Zamora, M.; Sánchez, A.; Luque, J. L. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Children from families whose members have reading impairments are found to be poorer performers, take less advantage of instruction, and require more time to reach the reading level of children whose relatives are good readers. As a family's reading history may not be available, a self-report of reading abilities is used to identify children's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parents, Reading Difficulties, Predictor Variables
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Silva, Susana; Faísca, Luís; Araújo, Susana; Casaca, Luis; Carvalho, Loide; Petersson, Karl Magnus; Reis, Alexandra – Annals of Dyslexia, 2016
Two different forms of parafoveal dysfunction have been hypothesized as core deficits of dyslexic individuals: reduced parafoveal preview benefits ("too little parafovea") and increased costs of parafoveal load ("too much parafovea"). We tested both hypotheses in a single eye-tracking experiment using a modified serial rapid…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Eye Movements, Hypothesis Testing, Adults
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Tamboer, Peter; Vorst, Harrie C. M.; Oort, Frans J. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
Methods for identifying dyslexia in adults vary widely between studies. Researchers have to decide how many tests to use, which tests are considered to be the most reliable, and how to determine cut-off scores. The aim of this study was to develop an objective and powerful method for diagnosing dyslexia. We took various methodological measures,…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Foreign Countries, Adults, College Students
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Wolff, Ulrika – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
Although phonemic awareness is a well-known factor predicting early reading development, there is also evidence that Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) is an independent factor that contributes to early reading. The aim of this study is to examine phonemic awareness and RAN as predictors of reading speed, reading comprehension and spelling for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Skills, Naming, Early Reading
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Chik, Pakey Pui-man; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Yeung, Pui-sze; Wong, Yau-kai; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa; Lo, Lap-yan – Annals of Dyslexia, 2012
This study aimed at identifying important skills for reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic children and their typically developing counterparts matched on age (CA controls) or reading level (RL controls). The children were assessed on Chinese reading comprehension, cognitive, and reading-related skills. Results showed that the dyslexic…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension, Thinking Skills
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Le Jan, Guylaine; Le Bouquin-Jeannes, Regine; Costet, Nathalie; Troles, Nolwenn; Scalart, Pascal; Pichancourt, Dominique; Faucon, Gerard; Gombert, Jean-Emile – Annals of Dyslexia, 2011
Dyslexia is a specific disorder of language development that mainly affects reading. Etiological researches have led to multiple hypotheses which induced various diagnosis methods and rehabilitation treatments so that many different tests are used by practitioners to identify dyslexia symptoms. Our purpose is to determine a subset of the most…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Dyslexia, Language Acquisition, Etiology
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Katzir, Tami; Kim, Youngsuk; Wolf, Maryanne; O'Brien, Beth; Kennedy, Becky; Lovett, Maureen; Morris, Robin – Annals of Dyslexia, 2006
This study examined the relative contributions of phonological awareness, orthographic pattern recognition, and rapid letter naming to fluent word and connected-text reading within a dyslexic sample of 123 children in second and third grades. Participants were assessed on a variety of fluency measures and reading subskills. Correlations and…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Fluency, Reading Difficulties, Pattern Recognition
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