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Tamboer, Peter; Scholte, H. Steven; Vorst, Harrie C. M. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2015
In voxel-based morphometry studies of dyslexia, the relation between causal theories of dyslexia and gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume alterations is still under debate. Some alterations are consistently reported, but others failed to reach significance. We investigated GM alterations in a large sample of Dutch students (37 dyslexics…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Brain, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis
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Callens, Maaike; Tops, Wim; Stevens, Michaël; Brysbaert, Marc – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
An increasing number of students with dyslexia register in higher education. As a consequence, information on their pattern of strengths and weaknesses is essential to construct adequate assessment and diagnostic protocols. In a sample of 100 first-year bachelor students with dyslexia and 100 control students, a large pool of cognitive skills were…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Dyslexia, Comparative Analysis, Cognitive Ability
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Holden, John G.; Greijn, Lieke T.; van Rooij, Marieke M. J. W.; Wijnants, Maarten L.; Bosman, Anna M. T. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
The shape of a word pronunciation time distribution supplies information about the dynamic interactions that support reading performance. Speeded word-naming pronunciation and response time distributions were collected from 20 sixth grade Dutch students with dyslexia and 23 age-matched controls. The participants' pronunciation times were modeled…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Pronunciation, Reading Skills
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Chung, Kevin K. H.; Lo, Jason C. M.; Ho, Connie S.-H.; Xiao, Xiaoyun; Chan, David W. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
This study aims to investigate the relation of syntactic and discourse skills to morphological skills, rapid naming, and working memory in Chinese adolescent readers with dyslexia and to examine their cognitive-linguistic profiles. Fifty-two dyslexic readers (mean age, 13;42) from grade 7 to 9 in Hong Kong high schools were compared with 52…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Naming, Short Term Memory, Syntax
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Kast, Monika; Baschera, Gian-Marco; Gross, Markus; Jancke, Lutz; Meyer, Martin – Annals of Dyslexia, 2011
Our spelling training software recodes words into multisensory representations comprising visual and auditory codes. These codes represent information about letters and syllables of a word. An enhanced version, developed for this study, contains an additional phonological code and an improved word selection controller relying on a phoneme-based…
Descriptors: Spelling Instruction, Computer Assisted Instruction, Dyslexia, Computer Software
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Stothers, Margot; Klein, Perry D. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
It is not clear from research whether, or to what extent, reading comprehension is impaired in adults who have learning disabilities (LD). The influence of perceptual organization (PO) and phonological awareness (PA) on reading comprehension was investigated. PO and PA are cognitive functions that have been examined in previous research for their…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Stimuli, Learning Disabilities, Reading Tests
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Molfese, Dennis L.; Molfese, Victoria J.; Key, Sasha; Modglin, Arlene; Kelley, Spencer; Terrell, Shona – Annals of Dyslexia, 2002
This article focuses on methods useful for identifying differences in the development of language reading abilities in children that rely on measures of brain responses and behavioral assessments. Findings from these methods are described and indicate that even behaviors strongly influenced by biological mechanisms can be influenced through…
Descriptors: Biological Influences, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Processes, Dyslexia
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Nicolson, Roderick I.; Fawcett, Angela J. – Annals of Dyslexia, 1994
Thirty-five children with dyslexia (mean ages 8, 12, and 16 years) and normally achieving children matched for IQ and age were tested on basic skills. Subjects' performance on such tasks as phoneme segmentation, picture naming speed, tachistoscopic word recognition, speeded bead threading, and balance showed less complete automatization than did…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Dyslexia, Elementary Secondary Education, Phonology
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Aaron, P. G. – Annals of Dyslexia, 1987
Fourteen poor-reading college students were assigned to a dyslexia group or a nonspecific reading-disabled group based on intelligence quotient (IQ). The groups were compared to controls on cognitive and reading-related skills. Results showed that poor decoding skill characterized the dyslexic reader, whereas the nondyslexic poor reader displayed…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Decoding (Reading)