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Schmalz, Xenia; Robidoux, Serje; Castles, Anne; Marinus, Eva – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
Learning to read in most alphabetic orthographies requires not only the acquisition of simple grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPCs) but also the acquisition of context-sensitive GPCs, where surrounding letters change a grapheme's pronunciation. We aimed to explore the use and development of simple GPCs (e.g. a [right arrow] /ae/) and…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, English, German, Beginning Reading
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Guan, Connie Qun; Fraundorf, Scott H.; Perfetti, Charles A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
In light of the dramatic growth of Chinese learners worldwide and a need for a cross-linguistic research on Chinese literacy development, this study investigated (a) the effects of character properties (i.e., orthographic consistency and transparency) on character acquisition, and (b) the effects of individual learner differences (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Chinese, Language Acquisition, Pattern Recognition, Alphabets
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Tibi, Sana; Edwards, Ashley A.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Kirby, John R. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The distinctive features of the Arabic language and orthography offer opportunities to investigate multiple word characteristics at the item level. The aim of this paper was to model differences in word reading at the item level among 3rd grade native Arabic-speaking children (n = 303) using cross-classified generalized random-effects (CCGRE)…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Morphology (Languages), Native Speakers, Elementary School Students
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Steacy, Laura M.; Fuchs, Douglas; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Kearns, Devin M.; Elleman, Amy M.; Edwards, Ashley A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine word learning efficiency in at-risk first grade students (N = 93) participating in a yearlong study evaluating a multicomponent intervention targeting word reading and decoding skills. As part of each intervention lesson, students participated in a 1 to 3-min sight word reading activity in which…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Grade 1
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Compton, Donald L.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Kearns, Devin M.; Olson, Richard K. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The orthographic choice (OC) task--requiring individuals to choose the correct spelling between a word and a pseudohomophone foil (e.g., "goat" vs. "gote")--has been used as an outcome measure of orthographic learning and as a predictor of individual differences in word reading development. Some consider the OC task a measure…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Spelling, Reading Skills, Word Recognition
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Petscher, Yaacov; Compton, Donald L.; Steacy, Laura; Kinnon, Hannah – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
Models of word reading that simultaneously take into account item-level and person-level fixed and random effects are broadly known as explanatory item response models (EIRM). Although many variants of the EIRM are available, the field has generally focused on the doubly explanatory model for modeling individual differences on item responses.…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Reading Skills, Individual Differences, Models
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Peltier, Tiffany K.; Heddy, Benjamin C.; Peltier, Corey – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
Recently, many states passed laws requiring pre- and in-service teachers to receive professional development in dyslexia awareness. Even though misconceptions regarding dyslexia are widespread, there is a paucity of research on how to effectively remove misconceptions and replace them with accurate knowledge. The purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Preservice Teachers, Misconceptions, Concept Formation
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Galliussi, Jessica; Perondi, Luciano; Chia, Giuseppe; Gerbino, Walter; Bernardis, Paolo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
Over the last years, several studies have suggested a possible link between dyslexia and deficits in low-level visual processing (e.g., excessive crowding). At the same time, specially designed "dyslexia-friendly" fonts appeared on the market. This class of fonts presents two main features: the particular graphic characteristics of the…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Proximity, Layout (Publications), Design
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Moojen, Sônia Maria Pallaoro; Gonçalves, Hosana Alves; Bassôa, Ana; Navas, Ana Luiza; de Jou, Graciela; Miguel, Emílio Sánchez – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The aim of this study was to investigate (1) whether a sample of highly educated individuals with dyslexia living under optimal personal, educational, cultural, and socioeconomic conditions continues to display core deficits in reading and writing skills during adulthood (extending prior results in Dutch, English, Hebrew, and Spanish to the…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Academic Achievement, Basic Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Holopainen, Leena; Hoang, Nhi; Koch, Arno; Kofler, Doris – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
Previous studies have showed that early problems with word decoding can lead to poor performance in text reading and comprehension and suggest that poor readers often struggle with reading deficits throughout their school years. Therefore, early detection of those children who are at risk for slow reading development and/or who belong to the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Difficulties, Finno Ugric Languages, German
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Wong, Richard Kwok-Shing; Russak, Susie – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The contribution of teacher knowledge to learning outcomes at the beginning stages of literacy acquisition is of growing concern because the ability to provide quality instruction is central to successful literacy acquisition, particularly for pupils with dyslexia. To date, the majority of research has focused on teachers of English as a first…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
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Parrila, Rauno; Dudley, Dean; Song, Shuang; Georgiou, George K. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
We provide a meta-analytic review of all group-comparison studies that used reading-level match design, were conducted in highly consistent European orthographies, included children with dyslexia younger than 13 years of age as participants, and included measures of one or more of the potential causes of dyslexia. We identified 21 studies meeting…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Dyslexia, Children, Phonological Awareness
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Krenca, Klaudia; Gottardo, Alexandra; Geva, Esther; Chen, Xi – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive value of a dynamic test of English and French lexical specificity on at-risk reading classification in 13 at-risk and 44 not at-risk emerging English (L1)-French (L2) bilingual Grade 1 children (M = 75.87 months, SD = 3.18) enrolled in an early French immersion program in Canada.…
Descriptors: French, Dyslexia, English, Native Language
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Moura, Octávio; Pereira, Marcelino; Moreno, Joana; Simões, Mário R. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
The present study aimed to investigate the double-deficit hypothesis (DDH) in an orthography of intermediate depth. Eighty-five European Portuguese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia, aged 7 to 12, were tested on measures of phonological awareness (PA), naming speed (NS), reading, and spelling. The results indicated that PA and NS were…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Portuguese, Children, Developmental Disabilities
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Saha, Neena; Cutting, Laurie – Annals of Dyslexia, 2019
Calls for empirical investigations of the Common Core standards (CCSSs) for English Language Arts have been widespread, particularly in the area of text complexity in the primary grades (e.g., Hiebert & Mesmer "Educational Research," 42(1), 44-51, 2013). The CCSSs mention that qualitative methods (such as Fountas and Pinnell) and…
Descriptors: Networks, Meta Analysis, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency
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