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Sparks, Richard L; Patton, Jon; Ganschow, Leonore; Humbach, Nancy; Javorsky, James – Annals of Dyslexia, 2006
Fifty-four students were tested at specific time intervals over 10 years to determine best native language (NL) predictors of oral and written foreign language (FL) proficiency and FL aptitude. All participants completed two years of Spanish, French, or German. Each was administered measures of NL literacy, oral language, and cognitive ability in…
Descriptors: Written Language, Intervals, Cognitive Ability, Oral Language
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Ganschow, Leonore – Annals of Dyslexia, 1984
Results showed: (1) the dyslexic student produced syntactically complex structures comparable to nondyslexic writers; (2) primary semantic errors were inappropriate word choices and incorrect determiners; (3) the major problem with organization involved difficulties with expanding an idea and (4) metacognitive strategies included difficulties with…
Descriptors: Case Studies, College Students, Dyslexia, Learning Disabilities
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Sparks, Richard L.; Artzer, Marjorie; Patton, Jon; Ganschow, Leonore; Miller, Karen; Hordubay, Dorothy J.; Walsh, Geri – Annals of Dyslexia, 1998
A study examined the benefits of multisensory structured language (MSL) instruction in Spanish for 39 high school students at risk for foreign-language learning difficulties and 16 controls. On measures of oral and written foreign-language proficiency, the MSL and control groups scored significantly higher than those instructed using traditional…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, High Schools, Instructional Effectiveness, Multisensory Learning
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Sparks, Richard L.; Ganschow, Leonore – Annals of Dyslexia, 1993
This replication study and follow-up study found that, when a multisensory structured language approach to teaching Spanish was used with a group of at-risk high school students, the group's pretest and posttest scores on native language phonological processing, verbal memory and vocabulary, and foreign language aptitude measures showed…
Descriptors: Followup Studies, High Risk Students, High Schools, Instructional Effectiveness