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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The present study examined the predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding in which participants are taught three novel letters and how to synthesize the corresponding letter sounds into new words. One version of this dynamic test was administered to 158 kindergarten children before the onset of formal reading instruction along with…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Cavalli, Eddy; Duncan, Lynne G.; Elbro, Carsten; El Ahmadi, Abdessadek; Colé, Pascale – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A phonological deficit constitutes a primary cause of developmental dyslexia, which persists into adulthood and can explain some aspects of their reading impairment. Nevertheless, some dyslexic adults successfully manage to study at university level, although very little is currently known about how they achieve this. The present study…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Skills, Phonological Awareness, Morphology (Languages)
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Elbro, Carsten; Daugaard, Hanne Trebbien; Gellert, Anna S. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2012
Dyslexia is hard to diagnose in a second language. Poor performance on a test of reading may be caused by poor language proficiency in the second language or by limited schooling rather than by poor reading ability per se. This confound was supported in a study of 88 adult second language learners and 65 native language speakers. The incidence of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Second Languages, Language Proficiency, Reading Ability
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Elbro, Carsten; And Others – Annals of Dyslexia, 1994
Compared to controls, adults (n=102) who reported a history of difficulties in learning to read were disabled in phonological coding, but less disabled in reading comprehension. Adults with poor phonological coding skills had basic deficits in phonological representations of spoken words, even when semantic word knowledge, phonemic awareness,…
Descriptors: Adults, Decoding (Reading), Dyslexia, Phonology