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Singh, Sonia; Walk, Anne M.; Conway, Christopher M. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
Previous research suggests that individuals with developmental dyslexia perform below typical readers on non-linguistic cognitive tasks involving the learning and encoding of statistical-sequential patterns. However, the neural mechanisms underlying such a deficit have not been well examined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the…
Descriptors: Statistics, Dyslexia, Cognitive Processes, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Menashe, Shay – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The aim of this study was to gain additional knowledge about the asynchrony phenomenon in developmental dyslexia, especially when spatial selective attention is manipulated. Adults with developmental dyslexia and non-impaired readers underwent two experimental tasks, one including alphabetic stimuli (pre-lexical consonant-vowel syllables) and the…
Descriptors: Adults, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Attention Control
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Georgiou, George K.; Ghazyani, Raabia; Parrila, Rauno – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine different hypotheses in relation to RAN deficits in dyslexia. Thirty university students with dyslexia and 32 chronological-age controls were assessed on RAN Digits and Colors as well as on two versions of RAN Letters and Objects (one with five items repeated 16 times and one with 20 items repeated four…
Descriptors: College Students, Dyslexia, Control Groups, Articulation (Speech)
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Ring, Jeremiah; Black, Jeffrey L. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
Research demonstrates that phonological skills provide the basis of reading acquisition and are a primary processing deficit in dyslexia. This consensus has led to the development of effective methods of reading intervention. However, a single phonological deficit is not sufficient to account for the heterogeneity of individuals with dyslexia, and…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Disability Identification, Intervention, Reading Difficulties
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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The present study examined the predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding in which participants are taught three novel letters and how to synthesize the corresponding letter sounds into new words. One version of this dynamic test was administered to 158 kindergarten children before the onset of formal reading instruction along with…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Verpalen, Anick; Van de Vijver, Fons; Backus, Ad – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
We set out to address the adequacy of dyslexia screening in Dutch and non-western immigrant children, using the Dutch Dyslexia Screening Test (DST-NL) and outcomes of the Dutch dyslexia protocol, both of which are susceptible to cultural bias. Using the protocol as standard, we conducted an ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristics) analysis in…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Dyslexia, Indo European Languages, Cultural Background
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Inácio, Filomena; Faísca, Luís; Forkstam, Christian; Araújo, Susana; Bramão, Inês; Reis, Alexandra; Petersson, Karl Magnus – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
This study investigates the implicit sequence learning abilities of dyslexic children using an artificial grammar learning task with an extended exposure period. Twenty children with developmental dyslexia participated in the study and were matched with two control groups--one matched for age and other for reading skills. During 3 days, all…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Grammar, Task Analysis, Matched Groups
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Gates, Louis – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The accompanying article introduces highly transparent grapheme-phoneme relationships embodied within a Periodic table of decoding cells, which arguably presents the quintessential transparent decoding elements. The study then folds these cells into one highly transparent but simply stated singularity generalization--this generalization unifies…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Charts, Generalization, Decoding (Reading)
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Hebert, Megan; Zhang, Xiaozhou; Parrila, Rauno – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The current study aimed to examine performance times during text reading and question answering of students with and without a history of reading difficulties. Forty-three university students with a history of reading difficulties (HRD) were compared to 124 university students without a history of reading difficulties on measures of word and…
Descriptors: College Students, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Reading Rate
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Kuster, Sanne M.; van Weerdenburg, Marjolijn; Gompel, Marjolein; Bosman, Anna M. T. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
In two experiments, the claim was tested that the font "Dyslexie", specifically designed for people with dyslexia, eases reading performance of children with (and without) dyslexia. Three questions were investigated. (1) Does the Dyslexie font lead to faster and/or more accurate reading? (2) Do children have a preference for the Dyslexie…
Descriptors: Layout (Publications), Visual Aids, Dyslexia, Reading Rate
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Chung, Kevin Kien Hoa; Lo, Jason C. M.; McBride, Catherine – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
Dyslexia is a developmental disability affecting the acquisition of reading and writing skills, and its developmental nature makes longitudinal research of great importance. This study therefore investigated the cognitive-linguistic profiles of the typical-functioning dyslexics and high-functioning dyslexics with longitudinal cohorts of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Longitudinal Studies, Identification, Chinese
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van Setten, Ellie R. H.; Hakvoort, Britt E.; van der Leij, Aryan; Maurits, Natasha M.; Maassen, Ben A. M. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The present study investigates whether grade 6 reading outcomes, reading fluency, and reading comprehension can be predicted by grade 3 reading fluency, familial risk of dyslexia (FR), and grade 3 reading related skills: rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), and vocabulary. In a sample of 150 children, of whom 83 had a…
Descriptors: Grade 6, At Risk Students, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension
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Castillo, Anabel; Gilger, Jeffrey W. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
This study examined adult perceptions of dyslexia among US adults. Participants (n = 623) answered survey questions pertaining to characteristics, views, and possible causes of DYS. Exploratory factor analysis revealed five distinct factors: (1) psychosocial causes, (2) external causes, (3) biological causes, (4) consequences, and (5)…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Gender Differences, Ethnicity, Adults
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Duranovic, Mirela; Senka, Smajlagic; Babic-Gavric, Branka – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
Recent research studies have shown that increased letter spacing has a positive effect on the reading ability of dyslexic individuals. This study aims to investigate the effect of spacing on the readability of different fonts for children with and without dyslexia. Results did not support the hypothesis of better performance among children with…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Dyslexia, Layout (Publications), Readability
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Research and clinical practitioners have mixed views whether reading and spelling difficulties should be combined or seen as separate. This study examined the following: (a) if double dissociation between reading and spelling can be identified in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and (b) the cognitive and noncognitive precursors of this…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Difficulties
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