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Verpalen, Anick; Van de Vijver, Fons; Backus, Ad – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
We set out to address the adequacy of dyslexia screening in Dutch and non-western immigrant children, using the Dutch Dyslexia Screening Test (DST-NL) and outcomes of the Dutch dyslexia protocol, both of which are susceptible to cultural bias. Using the protocol as standard, we conducted an ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristics) analysis in…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Dyslexia, Indo European Languages, Cultural Background
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Inácio, Filomena; Faísca, Luís; Forkstam, Christian; Araújo, Susana; Bramão, Inês; Reis, Alexandra; Petersson, Karl Magnus – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
This study investigates the implicit sequence learning abilities of dyslexic children using an artificial grammar learning task with an extended exposure period. Twenty children with developmental dyslexia participated in the study and were matched with two control groups--one matched for age and other for reading skills. During 3 days, all…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Grammar, Task Analysis, Matched Groups
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Gates, Louis – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The accompanying article introduces highly transparent grapheme-phoneme relationships embodied within a Periodic table of decoding cells, which arguably presents the quintessential transparent decoding elements. The study then folds these cells into one highly transparent but simply stated singularity generalization--this generalization unifies…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Charts, Generalization, Decoding (Reading)
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Hebert, Megan; Zhang, Xiaozhou; Parrila, Rauno – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The current study aimed to examine performance times during text reading and question answering of students with and without a history of reading difficulties. Forty-three university students with a history of reading difficulties (HRD) were compared to 124 university students without a history of reading difficulties on measures of word and…
Descriptors: College Students, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Reading Rate
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Kuster, Sanne M.; van Weerdenburg, Marjolijn; Gompel, Marjolein; Bosman, Anna M. T. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
In two experiments, the claim was tested that the font "Dyslexie", specifically designed for people with dyslexia, eases reading performance of children with (and without) dyslexia. Three questions were investigated. (1) Does the Dyslexie font lead to faster and/or more accurate reading? (2) Do children have a preference for the Dyslexie…
Descriptors: Layout (Publications), Visual Aids, Dyslexia, Reading Rate
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Research and clinical practitioners have mixed views whether reading and spelling difficulties should be combined or seen as separate. This study examined the following: (a) if double dissociation between reading and spelling can be identified in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and (b) the cognitive and noncognitive precursors of this…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Difficulties
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Sayeski, Kristin L.; Earle, Gentry A.; Eslinger, R. Paige; Whitenton, Jessy N. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Matching phonemes (speech sounds) to graphemes (letters and letter combinations) is an important aspect of decoding (translating print to speech) and encoding (translating speech to print). Yet, many teacher candidates do not receive explicit training in phoneme-grapheme correspondence. Difficulty with accurate phoneme production and/or lack of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Preservice Teachers, Mastery Learning, Knowledge Level
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van Gorp, Karly; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
The direct, retention, and transfer effects of repeated word and pseudoword reading were studied in a pretest, training, posttest, retention design. First graders (48 good readers, 47 poor readers) read 25 CVC words and 25 CVC pseudowords in ten repeated word reading sessions, preceded and followed by a transfer task with a different set of items.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Grade 1
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Quémart, Pauline; Casalis, Séverine – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Spelling is a challenge for individuals with dyslexia. Phoneme-to-grapheme correspondence rules are highly inconsistent in French, which make them very difficult to master, in particular for dyslexics. One recurrent manifestation of this inconsistency is the presence of silent letters at the end of words. Many of these silent letters perform a…
Descriptors: Spelling, Dyslexia, Morphology (Languages), Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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Cavalli, Eddy; Duncan, Lynne G.; Elbro, Carsten; El Ahmadi, Abdessadek; Colé, Pascale – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A phonological deficit constitutes a primary cause of developmental dyslexia, which persists into adulthood and can explain some aspects of their reading impairment. Nevertheless, some dyslexic adults successfully manage to study at university level, although very little is currently known about how they achieve this. The present study…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Skills, Phonological Awareness, Morphology (Languages)
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Papagiannopoulou, Eleni A.; Lagopoulos, Jim – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
To elucidate the timing and the nature of neural disturbances in dyslexia and to further understand the topographical distribution of these, we examined entire brain regions employing the non-invasive auditory oddball P300 paradigm in children with dyslexia and neurotypical controls. Our findings revealed abnormalities for the dyslexia group in…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Gilger, Jeffrey W. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A panel of practioners and researchers convened to consider how to advance a broader understanding of the neurocognitive profile of people with dyslexia. While a great deal of research has been conducted on the reading process, the panel recognized that the "dyslexia brain" may be unique in other ways as well. In particular, the panel…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Difficulties, Disabilities, Brain
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Wery, Jessica J.; Diliberto, Jennifer A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A single-subject alternating treatment design was used to investigate the extent to which a specialized dyslexia font, OpenDyslexic, impacted reading rate or accuracy compared to two commonly used fonts when used with elementary students identified as having dyslexia. OpenDyslexic was compared to Arial and Times New Roman in three reading tasks:…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Rate, Accuracy, Reading Skills
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Yeari, Menahem; Isser, Michal; Schiff, Rachel – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A controversy has recently developed regarding the hypothesis that developmental dyslexia may be caused, in some cases, by a reduced visual attention span (VAS). To examine this hypothesis, independent of phonological abilities, researchers tested the ability of dyslexic participants to recognize arrays of unfamiliar visual characters. Employing…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Attention Span, Visual Perception, Visual Discrimination
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Katan, Pesia; Kahta, Shani; Sasson, Ayelet; Schiff, Rachel – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Graph complexity as measured by topological entropy has been previously shown to affect performance on artificial grammar learning tasks among typically developing children. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of graph complexity on implicit sequential learning among children with developmental dyslexia. Our goal was to determine…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Grammar, Sequential Learning, Children
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