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Genevieve McArthur; Amy Doust; Erin Banales; Serje Robidoux; Saskia Kohnen – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
Studies of the association between dyslexia and mental health have typically tried to minimise the influence of dyslexia comorbidities on the outcomes. However, in the "real world", many children with dyslexia have these comorbidities. In this study, we tested (1) if children with dyslexia with three common comorbidities -- inattention,…
Descriptors: Comorbidity, Dyslexia, Correlation, Mental Health
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Tuija Aro; Ahmet Bilal Özbek; Minna Torppa – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
We studied the associations between childhood-identified learning disabilities and adult-age mental health and whether adult-age reading and math skills, coping styles, or resilience influenced the associations. The participants were 159 Finnish adults (60.4% males). Of them, 48 (30%) had a reading disability (RD), 22 (14%) had a math disability…
Descriptors: Adults, Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities, Intelligence Quotient
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Sarah Fishstrom; Philip Capin; Anna-Mari Fall; Gregory Roberts; Amie E. Grills; Sharon Vaughn – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
This study examined the relations between reading anxiety, general anxiety, and test anxiety in a sample of students with reading difficulties (n = 536). It also tested if dimensions of anxiety were differentially related to word reading accuracy and fluency, text reading fluency, or reading comprehension. The results indicated that the three…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Difficulties, Anxiety, Reading
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Abebayehu Messele Mekonnen; Linda Visser; Janin Brandenburg – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
Individuals with dyslexia have been shown to have an increased risk for developing internalizing problems. Various studies have revealed the powerful role that culture plays in determining the type of anxiety and coping strategies adopted by various groups of individuals. However, compared to the vast number of studies conducted in individualistic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Dyslexia, Control Groups
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Apostolos Kargiotidis; George Manolitsis – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
The present study examined whether literacy difficulties in both grades 2 and 3 are associated with social and generalized anxiety within the school environment in grade 5 and if children with different literacy difficulties differ in anxiety levels compared to typically developing children in grade 5 after controlling for inattention. Sixty-nine…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Reading Difficulties, Grade 2, Grade 3
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Miao Li; Wei Zhao; Mengmeng Liu; Lele Zhang; Gen Li – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
This study explored the relationship between mental health, i.e., depression and anxiety, and reading difficulties (RD) in Chinese elementary school children. Participants were 1535 grades 3, 4, and 5 students from three elementary schools in Xi'an, China. Children with and without RD were compared to their depression and anxiety. Additionally,…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Children, Reading Difficulties, Depression (Psychology)
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Ana Paula Alves Vieira; Peng Peng; Andrea Antoniuk; Jodi DeVries; Kyriakoula Rothou; Rauno Parrila; George Georgiou – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine if individuals with reading difficulties (RD), mathematics difficulties (MD), or unspecified learning difficulties (ULD) experience internalizing problems (i.e., anxiety, depression, somatic complaints, and social withdrawal) to the same extent, and if the effect sizes are influenced by…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Reading Difficulties, Mathematics Skills, Anxiety
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Goodrich, J. Marc; Fitton, Lisa; Thayer, Lauren – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
Understanding factors that influence reading achievement among bilingual children is considerably more complex than it is for monolingual children. Research on dual language development indicates that bilingual children's oral language abilities are often distributed across languages in varied ways, due to heterogeneity of dual language exposure…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Bilingual Students, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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MacKay, Elizabeth; Chen, Xi; Deacon, S. Hélène – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
In Canada, approximately 12% of school-aged children are enrolled in French Immersion (FI), with some provinces estimating close to 30%. FI programs are intended to produce bilingual individuals who can functionally communicate in both of Canada's official languages. Yet, we are currently underinformed as to how to identify children with French…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immersion Programs, French, Reading Difficulties
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Shakory, Sharry; Krenca, Klaudia; Marinova-Todd, Stefka H.; Chen, Xi – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
Extensive research has demonstrated the importance of struggling reader identification in monolingual children Compton et al. ("Journal of Educational Psychology," 102, 327-340, 2010). However, very few studies have explored identification of struggling readers in bilinguals. The aim of this study was to investigate (1) the overlap of…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Bilingual Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Cheah, Zebedee Rui En; Ye, Yanyan; Lui, Kelvin Fai Hong; McBride, Catherine; Maurer, Urs – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
Previous work has predominantly focused on word reading in studying literacy difficulties; very little work has focused on spelling difficulty instead. The present study adopted spelling (dictation) as the criterion to classify poor literacy skills in Hong Kong Chinese-English bilingual children. We examined the cognitive-linguistic skills…
Descriptors: Spelling, Bilingualism, Chinese, English
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Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Huan; Relyea, Jackie Eunjung; Wui, Ma. Glenda Lopez; Yan, Yan; Nam, Rosa; Enriquez, Araceli; Kharabi-Yamato, Lana – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
The current study aimed to investigate whether exposure to spellings would boost memory of meanings and spellings of morphologically complex words, and when spellings are present, whether drawing attention to the morphology of derivative words would activate morphological analysis and therefore enhance word learning. Participants were 36 fourth…
Descriptors: Spelling, Memory, Morphology (Languages), Grade 4
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Li, Miao; Chan, Jessica; Kirby, John R. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
Summary writing is an important tactic for learning from text and the summaries provide information on students' comprehension and learning processes. We investigated the nature of the summaries produced by bilingual adolescents, and whether their summaries were related to their reading abilities in their first and second languages. In each…
Descriptors: Writing Achievement, Bilingual Students, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading)
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Relyea, Jackie Eunjung; Cho, Eunsoo; Zagata, Elizabeth – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
Although the important role of children's executive function (EF) in their reading development has been well-established, less is known about the extent to which multilingual children's EF components vary and whether the variability in different EF abilities explains multilingual children's English reading achievement. The present study explored…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Multilingualism, Executive Function
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Álvarez-Cañizo, Marta; Afonso, Olivia; Suárez-Coalla, Paz – Annals of Dyslexia, 2023
Different studies have demonstrated that people with dyslexia have difficulties in acquiring fluent reading and writing. These problems are also evident when they learn a second language. The aim of our study was to investigate if there is a linguistic transfer effect for writing in children with dyslexia when they face tasks in English (L2), as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Writing Skills, Language Proficiency, Second Language Learning
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