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Hossain, Bushra; Chen, Yingtong; Bent, Stephen; Parenteau, China; Widjaja, Felicia; Haft, Stephanie L.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Hendren, Robert L. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Prior studies have suggested that grit and resilience predict both academic and career success. However, these qualities have not been examined in children with reading disorder (RD). We therefore investigated whether grit and resilience were associated with anxiety, depression, academic performance, and quality of life (QOL) in these students.…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), Persistence, Individual Characteristics, Reading Difficulties
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Rosenberg, Lindsay; Kruk, Richard S. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Morpho-orthographic segmentation, rapid parsing of complex written words into their morphological components, is a potential source of difference in word recognition between struggling and typical readers. Although typical readers use morpho-semantic representations and morpho-orthographic segmentation in processing morphologically complex words,…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Morphology (Languages), Orthographic Symbols, Grade 2
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Provazza, Serena; Carretti, Barbara; Giofrè, David; Adams, Anne-Marie; Montesano, Lorena; Roberts, Daniel – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
The extent to which impaired visual and phonological mechanisms may contribute to the manifestation of developmental dyslexia across orthographies of varying depth has yet to be fully established. By adopting a cross-linguistic approach, the current study aimed to explore the nature of visual and phonological processing in developmental dyslexic…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Visual Perception, Visual Impairments, Dyslexia
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Ottosen, Helle Fredslund; Bønnerup, Katrine H.; Weed, Ethan; Parrila, Rauno – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
A dyslexia diagnosis in Denmark can have significant consequences for individuals, as support is not available to others with reading difficulties. Currently, the diagnosis is given solely on the basis of an electronically administered test consisting of two tasks assessing grapheme-phoneme correspondences. To examine whether the Danish diagnostic…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Clinical Diagnosis, Diagnostic Tests, College Students
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Ebrahimi, Leila; Pouretemad, Hamidreza; Stein, John; Alizadeh, Ebrahim; Khatibi, Ali – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Research has shown improved reading following visual magnocellular training in individuals with dyslexia. Many studies have demonstrated how the magnocellular pathway controls visual spatial attention. Therefore, we have investigated the relationship between magnocellular pathway and visual spatial attention deficits in dyslexia in order to better…
Descriptors: Reading Ability, Spatial Ability, Dyslexia, Visual Perception
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Centanni, T. M.; Beach, S. D.; Ozernov-Palchik, O.; May, S.; Pantazis, D.; Gabrieli, J. D. E. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Developmental dyslexia is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with alterations in the behavioral and neural processing of speech sounds, but the scope and nature of that association is uncertain. It has been proposed that more variable auditory processing could underlie some of the core deficits in this disorder. In the current…
Descriptors: Adults, Dyslexia, Speech, Attention
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Porter, Susan B.; Odegard, Timothy N.; McMahan, Melissa; Farris, Emily A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Translating the research base on effective reading instruction to the classroom has been a challenge. The delivery of these instructional methods requires practical skills coupled with an understanding of the aspects of language being taught. The purpose of this study was to explore the level of literacy knowledge of the English language held by…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Knowledge Level, Reading Instruction, Literacy
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Rabia, Salim Abu; Wattad, Haneen – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
The goal of this study was to investigate the development of mental lexicon organization among typical and dyslexic native Arabic readers. The participants included 271 students, divided into dyslexic readers, age-matched typical readers, and typical readers 2 years younger. The lexical status of root and pattern morphemes was examined using two…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Semitic Languages, Lexicology, Morphemes
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Harris, Lindsay N.; Creed, Benjamin; Perfetti, Charles A.; Rickles, Benjamin B. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Dyslexic children often fail to correct errors while reading aloud, and dyslexic adolescents and adults exhibit lower amplitudes of the error-related negativity (ERN)--the neural response to errors--than typical readers during silent reading. Past researchers therefore suggested that dyslexia may arise from a faulty error detection mechanism that…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Dyslexia, Error Patterns, Adults
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Marks, Rebecca A.; Eggleston, Rachel L.; Sun, Xin; Yu, Chi-Lin; Zhang, Kehui; Nickerson, Nia; Hu, Xiao-Su; Kovelman, Ioulia – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Morphological awareness, or sensitivity to units of meaning, is an essential component of reading comprehension development. Current neurobiological models of reading and dyslexia have largely been built upon phonological processing models, yet reading for meaning is as essential as reading for sound. To fill this gap, the present study explores…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Metalinguistics, Decoding (Reading), Vocabulary Development
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Odegard, Timothy N.; Farris, Emily A.; Washington, Julie A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Conversations about the nature of dyslexia and how dyslexia impacts reading and listening comprehension get to the heart of classification and identification models of dyslexia. Recently, this conversation has been expanded to include efforts to estimate the prevalence of dyslexia in the population through the introduction of a discrepancy index…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Dyslexia, Identification
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Miciak, Jeremy; Ahmed, Yusra; Capin, Phil; Francis, David J. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Few studies have systematically investigated the reading skill profiles of English learners (ELs) in late elementary school, a critical developmental period for language and literacy and the most common grades for initial identification with specific learning disabilities (O'Connor et al., "Learning Disabilities Research & Practice,"…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, English Language Learners, Reading Skills, Profiles
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Knoop-van Campen, C. A. N.; ter Doest, D.; Verhoeven, L.; Segers, E. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
The use of adequate reading comprehension strategies is important to read efficiently. Students with dyslexia not only read slower and less accurately, they also use fewer reading comprehension strategies. To compensate for their decoding problems, they often receive audio-support (narration written text). However, audio-support linearly guides…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Secondary School Students, Reading Comprehension, Expository Writing
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Solis, Michael; Kulesz, Paulina; Williams, Kelly – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
The purpose of this post hoc analysis was to analyze if pre-intervention word reading skills contributed to intervention response on reading comprehension outcomes. High school students with reading difficulties were randomized to a business as usual (BaU) or treatment condition that provided 2 years of an intensive, multicomponent word reading…
Descriptors: High School Students, Response to Intervention, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Georgiou, George K.; Martinez, Dalia; Vieira, Ana Paula Alves; Antoniuk, Andrea; Romero, Sandra; Guo, Kan – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Beyond the established difficulties of individuals with dyslexia in word recognition and spelling, it remains unclear how severe their difficulties in comprehension are. To examine this, we performed a meta-analytic review. A random-effects model analysis of data from 76 studies revealed a large deficit in reading comprehension in individuals with…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Word Recognition, Spelling, Reading Comprehension
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