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ERIC Number: EJ1405670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2024
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1935-9772
EISSN: EISSN-1935-9780
Through the Fingers: Use of Plastinated Anatomical Specimens for Visually Impaired Students
Paola de Lima; Renata Souza e Silva; Denis Guilherme Guedert; Érica Silva Mesquita; Vitória Sousa Ramos; Bárbara da Paixão Xavier Firmiano; Carlos Victor Nunes Cavalcanti; Ingrid Lorane de Sousa Domingos; Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva; Delane Viana Gondim; Mariana Lima Vale
Anatomical Sciences Education, v17 n1 p139-146 2024
The plastination technique produces non-toxic human tissues, ensuring their safe handling in educational settings. This investigation aimed to understand if visually impaired students profit from the use of plastinated anatomical specimens in learning the anatomy of the nervous system. For this purpose, their learning performance was compared to sighted and blindfolded students recruited from three primary schools in Fortaleza city, in the state of Ceará. Initially, a questionnaire was applied before carrying out the pedagogical practice, followed by an anatomy lecture with practical components with the use of plastinated anatomical specimens and synthetic anatomical models of the nervous system. After these steps, the students answered the questionnaire previously applied. Our results showed that the tactile perception of the visually impaired participants was significantly more developed compared to sighted (p < 0.001) and the blindfolded (p < 0.0001) students. The average of correct answers in the reapplied questionnaire was higher in the groups that used plastinated specimens (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the use of plastinated specimens has proven to be an effective tool in promoting a better understanding of anatomical structures, mainly for students with or without visual impairments, making it a valuable asset in anatomy teaching.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A