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Showing 106 to 120 of 202 results Save | Export
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Sigurdardottir, Zuilma Gabriela; Mackay, Harry A.; Green, Gina – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Stimulus generalization and contextual control affect the development of equivalence classes. Experiment 1 demonstrated primary stimulus generalization from the members of trained equivalence classes. Adults were taught to match six spoken Icelandic nouns and corresponding printed words and pictures to one another in computerized three-choice…
Descriptors: Autism, Stimulus Generalization, Nouns, Stimuli
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DeGraaf, Allison; Schlinger, Henry D., Jr. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Gutierrez (2006) experimentally demonstrated the effects of joint control and particularly the role of response mediation in the sequencing behavior of adults using an unfamiliar language. The purpose of the current study was to replicate and extend the procedures used by Gutierrez by comparing the effects of joint control training with the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Adults, Comparative Analysis, Experiments
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Michael, Jack; Palmer, David C.; Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Amid the novel terms and original analyses in Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", the importance of his discussion of multiple control is easily missed, but multiple control of verbal responses is the rule rather than the exception. In this paper we summarize and illustrate Skinner's analysis of multiple control and introduce the terms "convergent…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Carp, Charlotte L.; Matthies, Derek W.; Esch, Barbara E. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Several studies have demonstrated effects of stimulus-stimulus pairing (SSP) on children's vocalizations, but numerous treatment failures have also been reported. The present study attempted to isolate procedural variables related to failures of SSP to condition speech sounds as reinforcers. Three boys diagnosed with autism-spectrum disorders…
Descriptors: Speech, Acoustics, Preferences, Operant Conditioning
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Rosales, Rocio; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Lovett, Sadie – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
We evaluated the facilitative effects of multiple exemplar training (MET) on the establishment of derived tact relations in typically developing children. A multiple-probe design across stimulus sets was implemented to introduce MET. Participants were first taught to conditionally relate dictated names in English to their corresponding objects…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Training, Child Development
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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Le, Duy D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
We compared prompting tactics to establish intraverbal responding (question answering) in four boys with autism. Based on the results of intraverbal, textual, echoic, and tact pretests, we compared vocal and picture prompts with three participants, and textual, vocal, and picture prompts with one participant. We also evaluated repeated acquisition…
Descriptors: Autism, Prompting, Interpersonal Communication, Verbal Communication
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Valentino, Amber L.; Shillingsburg, M. Alice – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Many children with autism communicate through the use of alternative communication systems, such as sign language. Limited research has been conducted on the situations under which sign language will be acquired across verbal operants without direct teaching. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate exposure to sign language on the…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Sign Language, Children
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Greer, R. Douglas; Pistoljevic, Nirvana; Cahill, Claire; Du, Lin – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
We used a delayed non-concurrent pre- and post-intervention probe design to test the effects of a voice conditioning protocol (VCP) with 3 preschoolers with autism on (a) rate of acquisition of listener curricular objectives, (b) observing voices and the presence of adults across 3 settings, (c) selecting to listen to adults tell stories in free…
Descriptors: Intervention, Adults, Behavior Problems, Story Telling
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Tarbox, Jonathan; Zuckerman, Carrie K.; Bishop, Michele R.; Olive, Melissa L.; O'Hora, Denis P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Rule-governed behavior is generally considered an integral component of complex verbal repertoires but has rarely been the subject of empirical research. In particular, little or no previous research has attempted to establish rule-governed behavior in individuals who do not already display the repertoire. This study consists of two experiments…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Compliance (Psychology), Generalization
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Luke, Nicole; Greer, R. Douglas; Singer-Dudek, Jessica; Keohane, Dolleen-Day – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
In two experiments, we tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) for training sets on the emergence of autoclitic frames for spatial relations for novel tacts and mands. In Experiment 1, we used a replicated pre- and post-intervention probe design with four students with significant learning disabilities to test for acquisition of…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Verbal Communication, Speech, Behavior
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Gilic, Lina; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Naming is a verbal developmental capability and cusp that allows children to acquire listener and speaker functions without direct instruction (e.g., incidental learning of words for objects). We screened 19 typically developing 2- and 3-year-old children for the presence of Naming for 3-dimensional objects. All 9 3-year-olds had Naming, and 8 of…
Descriptors: Naming, Toddlers, Responses, Stimuli
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Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Valentino, Amber L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Children with autism often do not learn to mand for information without structured teaching. Studies have demonstrated that manipulation of establishing operations (EOs), prompts, prompt fading, and differential reinforcement are effective in teaching children with autism to ask "wh" questions such as "what," "who," and "where." To date, no…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Reinforcement
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Fryling, Mitch J.; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a…
Descriptors: Observational Learning, Behavioral Sciences, Behavior Change, Behavior Modification
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Sundberg, Mark L.; Sundberg, Cindy A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Individuals with autism often experience difficulty acquiring a functional intraverbal repertoire, despite demonstrating strong mand, tact, and listener skills. This learning problem may be related to the fact that the primary antecedent variable for most intraverbal behavior involves a type of multiple control identified as a verbal conditional…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Intervention, Autism, Comparative Analysis
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Ferreri, Summer J.; Plavnick, Joshua B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Many children with severe developmental disabilities emit idiosyncratic gestures that may function as verbal operants (Sigafoos et al., 2000). This study examined the effectiveness of a functional analysis methodology to identify the variables responsible for gestures emitted by 2 young children with severe developmental disabilities. Potential…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, Young Children, Nonverbal Communication
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