NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Audience
Laws, Policies, & Programs
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing 76 to 90 of 202 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Zaine, Isabela; Domeniconi, Camila; de Rose, Julio C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
This study evaluated an intervention package combining simple and conditional discrimination training and specific reinforcement for each stimulus class in teaching reading of simple words to individuals with intellectual disabilities. In conditional discrimination training, participants matched printed words and pictures to the recorded sounds…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Discrimination Learning, Intellectual Disability
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Vallinger-Brown, Mary; Rosales, Rocío – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
We examined two methods to facilitate the emergence of untaught intraverbal responses to children with autism. Listener behavior training (LT) involved reinforcement of a selection-based response following presentation of an array of pictures on an iPad® and an auditory instruction describing a characteristic of the picture. Stimulus pairing (SP)…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Autism, Children, Listening Skills
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Miller, Jonathan R.; Hirst, Jason M.; Kaplan, Brent A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The effects of two types of mands on participants' adherence to instructions were examined across two groups using procedures based on Hackenberg and Joker ("Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior" 62:367-383, 1994). Participants were presented with instructions describing a pattern of responding for producing points later…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli, Laboratories
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Sheyab, Mahmoud; Pritchard, Josh; Malady, Mark – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
In the current study, we reinforced tacts with positive qualifying autoclitics for reading and evaluated the subsequent effect on the allocation of reading behavior. Participants were four typically developing children between 9 and 12 years of age whose primary language was Arabic. We exposed each participant to pre- and posttreatment sessions to…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Reading Habits, Children, Pretests Posttests
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Powell, Nicole M.; Bowen, Crystal N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Mand training is often a primary focus in early language instruction and typically includes mands that are positively reinforced. However, mands maintained by negative reinforcement are also important skills to teach. These include mands to escape aversive demands or unwanted items. Another type of negatively reinforced mand important to teach…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Negative Reinforcement
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Fryling, Mitch J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior has been the subject of much controversy in recent years. While criticism has historically come from outside the field of behavior analysis, there are now well-articulated arguments against Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior from within the field as well. Recently, advocates of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Behavioral Science Research, Definitions, Animals
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Skinner discussed the topic of motivation in every chapter of the book "Verbal Behavior" (1957), usually with his preferred terminology of ''deprivation, satiation, and aversive stimulation.'' In the current paper, direct quotations are used to systematically take the reader through 30 separate points made by Skinner…
Descriptors: Books, Motivation, Verbal Communication, Behavior
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Koehler-Platten, Kate; Grow, Laura L.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Bertone, Tara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Shaping functional vocal language is difficult when an individual has not yet acquired an echoic repertoire and does not emit sufficient phonemes (i.e., speech sounds) for shaping. Few studies have evaluated interventions to increase the frequency and breadth of phonemes. The current study extended Esch, Esch, and Love (2009) by evaluating the…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Phonemic Awareness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Eikeseth, Svein; Smith, Dean P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
A common characteristic of the language deficits experienced by children with autism (and other developmental disorders) is their failure to acquire a complex intraverbal repertoire. The difficulties with learning intraverbal behaviors may, in part, be related to the fact that the stimulus control for such behaviors usually involves highly complex…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Tomash, J. J.; Reed, Phil – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Despite its theoretical importance, the effect of past punishment on verbal behavior is often overlooked in research due to the difficulty of measuring it. The present study explores the relationship between physiological arousal in humans and swearing; a behavior likely to have been punished in the typical conditioning history of an individual.…
Descriptors: Punishment, Verbal Communication, Correlation, Arousal Patterns
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Barlow, Kathryn E.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Slocum, Sarah K.; Miller, Sarah J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Therapists and educators frequently teach alternative-communication systems, such as picture exchanges or manual signs, to individuals with developmental disabilities who present with expressive language deficits. Michael (1985) recommended a taxonomy for alternative communication systems that differentiated between selection-based systems in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pictorial Stimuli, Sign Language, Language Impairments
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Moore, J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
The present comments concern Michael's concept of motivative variables, and the implications of that concept for our understanding of the nature of reinforcement as well as the extinction of responses maintained through positive and negative reinforcement. We note that both extinction and altering motivative variables decrease responding, but…
Descriptors: Motivation, Learning Processes, Responses, Negative Reinforcement
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Vargas, E. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
A series of quotes from B. F. Skinner illustrates the importance of form in his analysis of verbal behavior. In that analysis, form plays an important part in contingency control. Form and function complement each other. Function, the array of variables that control a verbal utterance, dictates the meaning of a specified form; form, as stipulated…
Descriptors: Behaviorism, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Communication, Linguistic Theory
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Stewart, Ian; McElwee, John; Ming, Siri – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Language generativity can be described as the ability to produce sentences never before said, and to understand sentences never before heard. One process often cited as underlying language generativity is response generalization. However, though the latter seems to promise a technical understanding of the former at a process level, an…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Generalization, Language Research, Linguistic Theory
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Among many of Jack Michael's contributions to the field of behavior analysis is his behavioral account of motivation. This paper focuses on the concept of "motivating operation" (MO) by outlining its development from Skinner's (1938) notion of "drive." Conceptually, Michael's term helped us change our focus on…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Motivation, Research Methodology, Environmental Influences
Pages: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  ...  |  14