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Showing 181 to 195 of 202 results Save | Export
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Greer, R. D.; Yaun, L.; Gautreaux, G. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
We tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on acquisition of joint spelling responses, vocal to written and vice versa, for three sets of five words by four kindergarteners with language delays using a delayed multiple probe design. First, students were taught to spell Set 1 as either vocal or written responses (two vocal and two…
Descriptors: Spelling, Responses, Instructional Effectiveness, Verbal Communication
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Newman, B.; Eyck, P. T. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
During prebaseline observations, three students diagnosed with autism were unable to make social initiations to another individual. The ability to make initiations would be considered a "pivotal response" in that it would allow an individual to come into contact with a wide variety of social reinforcement. A multiple-baseline design was…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Autism, Social Reinforcement, Interpersonal Relationship
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Greer, R. D.; Stolfi, L.; Chavez-Brown, M.; Rivera-Valdes, C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
We tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction on the transfer of stimulus function for unfamiliar pictures across listener responses (i.e., matching and pointing) and speaker responses (i.e., pure tacts and impure tacts). Three preschool students, who were 3- and 4-year-old males and did not have the listener to speaker component of the…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Objective Tests, Listening, Responses
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Hartman, E. C.; Klatt, K. P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
The effects of at least 23-hr deprivation, 5-min presession exposure, and individual preference on the acquisition of mands were investigated in these studies. Two boys who were 2.5 years old and diagnosed with autism participated in the studies. Preference assessments were conducted to identify preference levels of various toys. Toys of various…
Descriptors: Autism, Toys, Disadvantaged Environment, Teaching Methods
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Karmali, I.; Greer, R. D.; Nuzzolo-Gomez, R.; Ross, D. E.; Rivera-Valdes, C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
Palilalia, the delayed repetition of words or phrases, occurs frequently among individuals with autism and developmental disabilities. The current study used a combined multiple baseline and reversal design to investigate the effectiveness of presenting tacts as corrections for palilalia. During baseline, five preschoolers with autism emitted high…
Descriptors: Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Communication Disorders, Verbal Communication
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Barbera, M. L.; Kubina, R. M., Jr. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
This applied study attempted to evaluate a combination of transfer procedures commonly used to teach tacts to children with autism. A receptive to echoic to tact transfer and an echoic to tact transfer procedure were combined during 5-min instructional sessions to teach tacts to a seven-year-old vocal child with autism. A multiple baseline design…
Descriptors: Autism, Teaching Methods, Young Children, Language Acquisition
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Andery, M. A.; Micheletto, N.; Serio, T. M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
This paper explores the historical development of Skinner's treatment of meaning from 1930 to 1957. Twelve papers published between 1934 and 1957, and parts of "The Behavior of Organisms and Science and Human Behavior" related to verbal behavior, were analyzed. Before 1945 meaning was taken as a property of the verbal response, and from 1945 on,…
Descriptors: Speech, Behavior, Responses, Social Scientists
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Malott, Richard W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
This article reviews the negative behavior-analytic commentary on Drash and Tudor's behavior-analytic analysis of the etiology of autistic repertoires and values. This article also asks that, in our effort to scrub it clean, we not drown Drash and Tudor's beautiful, but fragile, new-born, behavior-analytic baby in hyper-methodological,…
Descriptors: Autism, Etiology, Behavior Problems, Antisocial Behavior
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Grant, Lyle K. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
A functional analysis of selected aspects of imaginative literature is presented. Reading imaginative literature is described as a process in which the reader makes indirect contact with the contingencies operating on the behavior of story characters. A functional story grammar is proposed in which the reader's experience with a story is…
Descriptors: Fiction, Literature, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Reader Text Relationship
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Schoneberger, Ted – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
In "What's Within? Nativism Reconsidered" (1999) Fiona Cowie addresses three questions: (1) What is nativism? (2) What is meant by calling some trait "innate"? and (3) What types of evidence should be offered when claiming innateness? This review concentrates on these questions as they pertain to Chomsky's faculties-based account of language…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Brain, Educational Philosophy, Epistemology
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Drash, Philip W.; Tudor, Roger M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
This paper analyzes autism as a contingency-shaped disorder of verbal behavior. Contingencies of reinforcement in effect during the first to third year of a child's life may operate to establish and maintain those behaviors that later result in a diagnosis of autism. While neurobiological variables may, in some cases, predispose some children to…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Communication Disorders, Etiology, Autism
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Carr, James E.; LeBlanc, Linda A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
The authors comment on Drash and Tudor's operant theory of autism. Concerns with the theory's face validity and empirical support are presented, along with concerns about four aspects of the theory.
Descriptors: Autism, Validity, Behavior Theories, Social Environment
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Hall, Genae A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
Drash and Tudor describe six sets of reinforcement contingencies which may be present in the environments of some children eventually diagnosed with autism and suggest that these contingencies account for the etiology of "autistic" behaviors. Nevertheless, merely observing such contingencies in the environments of these children is insufficient to…
Descriptors: Autism, Disabilities, Etiology, Correlation
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Hixson, Michael D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
Drash and Tudor's argument that autism is a contingency-shaped disorder of verbal behavior is logical and consistent with behavioral principles, but the argument's premises have no direct empirical support and some conflicting evidence. The quantity and quality of research needed to support such a theory is compared to that found in the area of…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Social Development, Antisocial Behavior, Autism
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Drash, Philip W.; Tudor, Roger M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
This paper presents a response to five commentaries on our article "An Analysis of Autism as a Contingency-Shaped Disorder of Verbal Behavior" (Drash & Tudor, 2004). One of the principal objectives of that article is to provide the behavior analysis community and the autism community with a conceptual basis for analyzing autism as a behavioral…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Prevention, Autism, Etiology
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