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Showing 166 to 180 of 202 results Save | Export
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Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Some evolutionary cognitive and developmental psychologists propose that the human mind consists of domain-specific modules. These are characterized as self-contained "mini-computers" that process information of a certain kind. In their book, "Original Intelligence," the Premacks set out to provide a synthesis of evidence from various fields in…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Developmental Psychology, Evolution, Biological Sciences
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Sidener, David W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The following paper describes Lowenkron's model of joint (stimulus) control. Joint control is described as a means of accounting for performances, especially generalized performances, for which a history of contingency control does not provide an adequate account. Examples are provided to illustrate instances in which joint control may facilitate…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Performance, Adaptive Testing, Models
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Lowenkron, Barry – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Lowenkron and colleagues (Lowenkron, 1984; 1991; 1998; 2006; Lowenkron and Colvin, 1992) describe a model that explains complex behavior using only well-established behavioral principles, concepts and terms. The model, called "joint control," is especially useful for understanding complex and delayed discriminations within a purely behavioral…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Behavior, Models, Discrimination Learning
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Wright, Anhvinh N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Language acquisition has been a contentious topic among linguists, psycholinguists, and behaviorists for decades. Although numerous theories of language acquisition have surfaced, none have sufficiently accounted for the subtleties of the language that children acquire. The present study attempts to explain the role of modeling and automatic…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Behavior, Verbal Stimuli, Sentences
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Sidener, David W.; Michael, Jack – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The ability of preschool age children to perform generalized relational matching to sample tasks with and without an overt mediating stimulus was examined. This experiment was a direct replication of a study by Lowenkron (1984) and examined a behavioral model relevant to complex human behavior that he later came to call "joint control." Children…
Descriptors: Generalization, Objective Tests, Preschool Children, Stimuli
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Gutierrez, Rick D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Behavior analysts have offered accounts of the behavior involved in matching to sample and delayed matching to sample. But until recently have not offered a behavioral analysis of generalized matching-to-sample. The concept of joint control, however, seems especially suited to such an analysis The present study used a joint-control procedure to…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Objective Tests, Stimuli, Sequential Learning
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Tu, Joyce C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
In the present study, joint-control training was applied when teaching manded selection responses to children with autism. Four vocal children with autism participated in the first experiment, two males (ages seven and eight) and two females (ages seven and nine). The results showed that it was only after object-word naming was trained under joint…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Selection, Responses, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The discrimination of the onset of joint control is an important interpretive tool in explaining matching behavior and other complex phenomena, but the difficulty of getting experimental control of all relevant variables stands in the way of a definitive experiment. The studies in the present issue of "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior" illustrate…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Research Methodology, Protocol Analysis
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Lowenkron, Barry – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
This research examined the role the two constituents of joint control, the tact and the echoic, play in producing accurate selections of novel stimuli in response to their spoken descriptions. Experiment 1 examined the role of tacts. In response to unfamiliar spoken descriptions, children learned to select from among six successively presented…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Probability, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Selection
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Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
In this article, the author shares an anecdote demonstrating one-trial learning which is commonplace in human behavior. The demonstration suggests that under some conditions, when people hear someone speak, their behavior changes, even in the absence of an apparent contingency of reinforcement, but only if they have in their repertoire verbal…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Reinforcement, Listening, Learning
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Halvey, Christine; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
The purpose of this project was to demonstrate untrained vocal requests in three adults with severe developmental disabilities. Specifically, we evaluated whether a history of reinforced relational responding would give rise to untrained vocal requests for novel items. Participants were first taught to request preferred items using their category…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Responses, Adults, Severe Disabilities
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Miguel, C. F.; Petursdottir, A. I.; Carr, J. E. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine whether multiple-tact training and receptive-discrimination training could be used to teach thematically related vocal intraverbals to typically developing preschool children. Multiple-tact training involved teaching a child to name both the item and the category to which the item belonged.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Visual Stimuli, Verbal Communication, Classification
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Esch, B. E.; Carr, J. E.; Michael, J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
Many children with autism do not imitate adult vocalizations, an important skill in learning to talk. Pairing adult vocalizations with preferred stimuli has been shown to increase free-operant vocalizations but effects are temporary; thus, direct reinforcement may be necessary to establish durable vocal behaviors. In Experiment 1, directly…
Descriptors: Autism, Reinforcement, Language Acquisition, Young Children
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Petursdottir, A. I.; Carr, J. E.; Michael, J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
According to Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior, the mand and the tact are functionally independent verbal operants, each of which is acquired through a unique history of reinforcement. The present study attempted to replicate the findings of Lamarre and Holland (1985), who empirically demonstrated functional independence of mands and…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Preschool Children, Reinforcement
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Houmanfar, R.; Hayes, L. J.; Herbst, S. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
The purpose of this study was to design a model for "first language" dominance over "second language" performance and the interference of one language over the other. Two sets of equivalence relations showing a common element (i.e., the reference) were established under different contextual conditions. One set ("first language") was over trained…
Descriptors: Language Dominance, Interference (Language), Second Languages, Bilingualism
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