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Showing 151 to 165 of 202 results Save | Export
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Hubner, M. M. C.; Austin, J.; Miguel, C. F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
In the current study, tacts with positive qualifying autoclitics for reading were reinforced in order to determine if this procedure would increase the time spent reading by participants. Participants included 5 children, between 9-10 years old. Participants were individually exposed to 4 free operant sessions during which they were instructed to…
Descriptors: Play, Intervention, Independent Reading, Reading Motivation
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Jennett, Heather K.; Harris, Sandra L.; Delmolino, Lara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The present study compared the effects of discrete trial instruction (DTI) and mand training on the acquisition of independent requests in 6 children with autism. Two multiple-probe designs across participants were conducted with 3 participants receiving mand training followed by DTI and the other 3 receiving DTI followed by mand training. Eye…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Human Body, Comparative Analysis
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Weitzman, Raymond S. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
A major focus of research on language acquisition in infancy involves experimental studies of the infant's ability to discriminate various kinds of speech or speech-like stimuli. This research has demonstrated that infants are sensitive to many fine-grained differences in the acoustic properties of speech utterance. Furthermore, these empirical…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Research Needs, Verbal Stimuli
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Adelman, Barry Eshkol – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Chomsky's (1959) review of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" has been influential and attributed with a role in the cognitive revolution. However, while counter reviews from within behavior analysis have noted that Chomsky misunderstood the subject matter, certain aspects of his scholarship have been underdiscussed. This includes several…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Psychologists, Periodicals, Verbal Communication
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Verbeke, Aynsley K.; Martin, Garry L.; Yu, C. T.; Martin, Toby L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Research has shown that performance on the "Assessment of Basic Learning Abilities" (ABLA) test correlates with language assessments for persons with developmental disabilities. This study investigated whether performance on ABLA Level 6, an auditory-visual discrimination, predicts performance on a receptive language task with persons with severe…
Descriptors: Severe Mental Retardation, Adults, Tests, Auditory Discrimination
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Washio, Yukiko; Houmanfar, Ramona – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Transfer of training from an instructional environment to a natural environment may bring about ineffective language performance by bilingual individuals. In that regard, this study was designed to demonstrate the effect of such a transition on individuals' language performance. A series of Japanese and English words were used as sample and…
Descriptors: Conversational Language Courses, Transfer of Training, Communicative Competence (Languages), Differences
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Grant, Lyle K. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
This paper outlines a behavior-analysis approach to the field of narratology, the study of the narrative or story, with emphasis on nonfiction stories and the processes by which such stories distort the world they describe. Stories are described in terms of (a) a behavior-analysis adaptation of Todorov's (1977) analysis of the plots of stories in…
Descriptors: Nonfiction, Story Telling, Story Grammar, Discourse Analysis
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Fiorile, Carol A.; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
The phenomenon identified as naming is a key stage of language function that is missing in many children with autism and other language delay diagnoses. We identified four children with autism, who, prior to the implementation of this experiment, did not have the naming repertoire (either speaker to listener or listener to speaker) and who had no…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Preschool Children, Autism, Language Acquisition
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Sweeney-Kerwin, Emily J.; Carbone, Vincent J.; O'Brien, Leigh; Zecchin, Gina; Janecky, Marietta N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Few studies have made use of B. F. Skinner's (1957) behavioral analysis of language and precise taxonomy of verbal behavior when describing the controlling variables for the mand relation. Consequently, the motivating operation (MO) has not typically been identified as an independent variable and the nature of a spontaneous mand has been…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Ward, Steven J.; Osnes, Pamela J.; Partington, James W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Children with autism and related disabilities frequently fail to develop echoic repertoires. Among the ways in which treatment approaches vary is the extent to which automatic reinforcement is utilized. The present experiment was designed to test the efficacy of a procedure that incorporates automatic reinforcement and socially mediated…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reinforcement, Speech
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Vignes, Tore – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
This study is a replication of Sundberg and Sundberg (1990) that compared topography-based verbal behavior with selection-based verbal behavior in terms of acquisition, accuracy, and testing for the emergence of a new verbal relation. Participants were three typical children and three developmentally disabled persons with autism. The study sought…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Verbal Communication, Children, Adolescents
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Cihon, Traci M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Intraverbal behavior is common in conversation and academic and professional settings. Many individuals with disabilities fail to acquire intraverbal repertoires. Some individuals who do acquire intraverbal behavior fail to acquire responses that are functional and complete. Research has examined procedures to establish or increase intraverbal…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Responses, Precision Teaching, Developmental Disabilities
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Yoon, Soyoung; Feliciano, Gina M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Effects of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure on the subsequent acquisition of mand operants were investigated. An attempt was made to shape novel sounds that emerged through the pairing procedure into a mand. Six children, aged two to five years, with moderate to severe language and communication delays, participated. Two conditions were used…
Descriptors: Young Children, Language Impairments, Reinforcement, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Catania, A. Charles – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
As instances of behavior, words interact with environments. But they also interact with each other and with other kinds of behavior. Because of the interlocking nature of the contingencies into which words enter, their behavioral properties may become increasingly removed from nonverbal contingencies, and their relationship to those contingencies…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Verbal Communication, Behavior Modification, Attention
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Hammonds, Frank – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The existence of learning without awareness has been debated for many years. Learning without awareness is said to occur when an individual's behavior has been affected without that individual being aware of the conditions affecting the behavior, of the relationship between those conditions and the behavior, or of the fact that the behavior has…
Descriptors: Verbal Learning, Behavior, Behavior Change, Perception
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