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Showing 136 to 150 of 202 results Save | Export
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Esch, John W.; Esch, Barbara E.; Love, Jessa R. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
Variability has been demonstrated to be an operant dimension of behavior (Neuringer, 2002; Page & Neuringer, 1985). Recently, lag schedules have been used to demonstrate operant variability of verbal behavior in persons with a diagnosis of autism (e.g., Lee, McComas, & Jawor, 2002). The current study evaluated the effects of a Lag 1 schedule on…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Autism, Identification, Nonverbal Communication
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Vedora, Joseph; Meunier, Laura; Mackay, Harry – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
Although echoic prompts may be effective for teaching intraverbal behavior to children with autism, the performance of some children may become dependent on such prompts (i.e., the prompts cannot be eliminated). Recent research suggests that visual rather than echoic prompts may be used to teach children with autism a variety of skills and may…
Descriptors: Autism, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills, Children
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Gross, Amy C.; Fox, Eric J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
Although Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" (1957) was published over 50 years ago, behavior-analytic research on human language and cognition has been slow to develop. In recent years, a new behavioral approach to language known as relational frame theory (RFT) has generated considerable attention, research, and debate. The controversy surrounding RFT…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Interpersonal Relationship, Theories, Functional Behavioral Assessment
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Knapp, Terry J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
B. F. Skinner's first public exposition of his analysis of verbal behavior was the "Hefferline Notes" (1947a), a written summary of a course Skinner taught at Columbia University during the summer of 1947 just prior to his presentation of the William James Lectures at Harvard University in the fall. The Notes are significant because they display…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Verbal Stimuli, Receptive Language, Behavior
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Marcon-Dawson, Allyne; Vicars, Sara M.; Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
"The Analysis of Verbal Behavior" ("TAVB") publishes experimental and theoretical papers relevant to a behavioral analysis of language. Normand, Fossa, and Poling (2000) reviewed the published studies in "TAVB" across several dimensions and found that despite the growth of the journal, most articles published in "TAVB" from 1982 to 1998 were…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Behavioral Science Research, Language of Instruction, Developmental Disabilities
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Normand, M. P.; Severtson, E. S.; Beavers, G. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The functions of an American Sign Language response were experimentally evaluated with a young boy diagnosed with autism. A functional analysis procedure based on that reported by Lerman et al. (2005) was used to evaluate whether the target sign response would occur under mand, tact, mimetic, or control conditions. The target sign was observed…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Autism, American Sign Language, Functional Behavioral Assessment
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Bloh, Christopher – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 2 transfer of stimulus control procedures to teach tacting to individuals with autism. Five participants with differing verbal skills were assessed by a subset of the ABLLS prior to intervention, then were taught 36 previously unknown tacts using the receptive-echoic-tact (r-e-t) and…
Descriptors: Autism, Intervention, Verbal Ability, Learning Processes
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R. Douglas Greer, Lynn Yuan, – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
We report experiments using time-lagged pre- and postintervention designs with (a) 4 first graders with learning delays, and (b) a systematic replication with 3 preschoolers with learning delays. Both experiments tested the effects of multiple exemplar instructional procedures (MEI) on the emergence of untaught past tense emission of novel regular…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Developmental Delays
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Stock, Richard A.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Mirenda, Pat – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
An alternating treatments design was employed to compare the effect of stimulus-stimulus pairing, standard echoic training, and a control condition on the vocal behavior of 3 preschoolers with autism. Data were recorded during pre- and postsession observations. During the stimulus-stimulus pairing condition, the experimenter's vocal model was…
Descriptors: Autism, Outcomes of Treatment, Comparative Analysis, Behavior
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Carroll, Regina A.; Klatt, Kevin P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
In this study the effect of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure was used as part of a clinical investigation to increase vocalizations for two young children diagnosed with autism. This procedure involved pairing a vocal sound with a preferred stimulus (e.g., toy) to condition automatic reinforcement. In addition, this study assessed the effects…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Autism, Behavior Modification, Young Children
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Baker, Jonathan C.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Raetz, Paige B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
Aphasia is an acquired language impairment that affects over 1 million individuals, the majority of whom are over age 65 (Groher, 1989). This disorder has typically been conceptualized within a cognitive neuroscience framework, but a behavioral interpretation of aphasia is also possible. Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior proposes a…
Descriptors: Responses, Stimuli, Aphasia, Language Impairments
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Axe, Judah B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
Conditional discrimination is inherent in the intraverbal relation when one verbal stimulus alters the evocative effect of another verbal stimulus and they collectively evoke an intraverbal response. Rarely in research on conditional discriminations have both conditional and discriminative stimuli been vocal verbal and rarely have the responses…
Descriptors: Topography, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Operant Conditioning
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Ziomek, M. M.; Rehfeldt, R. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
This study compared the total amount of training time and total number of trial blocks for individuals with severe developmental disabilities to acquire mands under control of unconditioned establishing operations and mands under control of transitive conditioned establishing operations for manual sign and for the Picture Exchange Communication…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Generalization, Comparative Analysis, Severe Disabilities
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Elias, N. C.; Goyos, C.; Saunders, M.; Saunders, R. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The objective of this study was to teach manual signs through an automated matching-to-sample procedure and to test for the emergence of new conditional relations and imitative behaviors. Seven adults with mild to severe mental retardation participated. Four were also hearing impaired. Relations between manual signs (set A) and pictures (set B)…
Descriptors: Observation, Sign Language, Teaching Methods, Imitation
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Chase, P. N.; Ellenwood, D. W.; Madden, G. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
Matching-to-sample and sequence training procedures were used to develop responding to stimulus classes that were considered analogous to 3 aspects of verbal behavior: identifying synonyms and parts of speech,and using syntax. Matching-to-sample procedures were used to train 12 paired associates from among 24 stimuli. These pairs were analogous to…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Semantics, Form Classes (Languages), Language Acquisition
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