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Cengher, Mirela; Ramazon, Nicholas H.; Strohmeier, Craig W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Members (behaviors) of a response class are equivalent in that they produce the same functional reinforcer. Oftentimes, some members of a response class occur at higher rates than others. This can be problematic when the members that occur at high rates are socially inappropriate (e.g., self-injury, aggression, or disruption). The participant in…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Adolescents, Females, Autism
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Belisle, Jordan; Paliliunas, Dana; Lauer, Taylor; Giamanco, Annalise; Lee, Breanna; Sickman, Elana – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Theoretical extensions of Skinner's verbal behavior that emphasize derived relational responding (stimulus equivalence, relational frame theory, and bidirectional naming) can improve the complexity and scope of applied behavior-analytic training models with children. We evaluated the prevalence and content of empirical research on derived…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Verbal Communication, Applied Behavior Analysis, Responses
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Silbaugh, Bryant C.; Swinnea, Samantha; Falcomata, Terry S. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
More is known about how to reduce challenging behavior with functional communication training (FCT) than how to mitigate its resurgence during or following a course of treatment. Research suggests reinforcing mand variability during FCT may mitigate the resurgence of challenging behavior, but validated procedures for reinforcing mand variability…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Communication Skills, Reinforcement
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Leaf, Justin B.; Cihon, Joseph H.; Ferguson, Julia L.; Milne, Christine M.; Leaf, Ronald; McEachin, John – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Errorless learning and error correction procedures are commonly used when teaching tact relations to individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of both procedures, as well as compared them. The majority of these studies have been completed through the use of single-subject experimental…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Barry, Lorna; Holloway, Jennifer; Gunning, Ciara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Communication deficits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can manifest in a myriad of lifelong social and educational challenges. Many children with ASD fail to learn vocal verbal behavior and may require intensive individualized intervention to learn early verbal operants. The current research aimed to evaluate the effects of a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Individualized Instruction, Responses
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Aguirre, Angelica A.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Reavis, Andrea; Shillingsburg, Alice M.; Delfs, Caitlin H.; Miltenberger, Catherine A.; Symer, Kaneen B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Children with autism are often taught auditory conditional discriminations in the form of personal information questions that might prove useful in conversation (e.g., "What is your favorite food?" "Pizza" and "What is your favorite color?" "Purple"). In these questions, the auditory stimuli presented as…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Auditory Discrimination, Autism, Children
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Ampuero, Miguel E.; Miklos, Michael – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Skinner (1957) differentiated the roles of the speaker and the listener in a verbal encounter. Although not extensively emphasized, Skinner suggested an individual often behaves verbally even when responding as a listener. Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often display the absence of important, and basic verbal repertoires…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Modification
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Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Frampton, Sarah E. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
The present study evaluated the emergence of intraverbals for 2 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Prior to baseline, both children demonstrated tact, tact function, listener, and listener by function responses with 12 pictorial stimuli, yet they failed to demonstrate intraverbals related to the function of the items (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication
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Dressel, Amelia; Nicholson, Katie; Albert, Kristin M.; Ryan, Victoria M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
The inclusion of instructive feedback in discrete-trial training has been shown to increase the efficiency of learning. However, the behavioral mechanism underlying the effectiveness of this procedure has not yet been determined. Researchers have suggested that learners covertly self-echo the feedback, which mediates later responding. The present…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Mediation Theory, Learning Processes, Responses
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Glodowski, Kathryn R.; Rodriguez, Nicole M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Researchers have demonstrated the efficacy of picture prompts on the acquisition of intraverbals (Coon & Miguel in "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis," 45, 657-666, 2012; Goldsmith, LeBlanc, & Sautter in "Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders," 1, 1-13, 2007; Ingvarsson & Hollobaugh in "Journal of Applied…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pictorial Stimuli
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Wiskow, Katie M.; Matter, Ashley L.; Donaldson, Jeanne M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2018
A lag schedule of reinforcement is one way to increase response variability; however, previous research has been mixed with regard to the necessary parameters to increase variability. For some individuals, low schedule requirements (e.g., Lag 1) are sufficient to increase variability. For other individuals, higher lag schedules (e.g., Lag 3) or a…
Descriptors: Prompting, Naming, Children, Autism
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Vie, Aleksander; Arntzen, Erik – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The primary focus of the present experiment was to study participants' self-talk during conditional discrimination training and test for the emergence of conditional relations consistent with equivalence. Eighteen adult participants were exposed to either a Many-to-One (MTO) or a One-to-Many (OTM) training structure arranged as a 6-s delayed…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Training Methods, Adults, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Henley, Amy J.; Hirst, Jason M.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Becirevic, Amel; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of four instructional variants on instruction following under changing reinforcement schedules using an operant task based on Hackenberg and Joker's "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior," 62, 367-383 (1994) experimental preparation. Sixteen college-aged adults served as participants and were…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, College Students, Young Adults
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Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Behavior analysts should distinguish between the intraverbal, as a class of verbal operants, and intraverbal control, the potentiating effect, however slight, of a verbal antecedent on a verbal response. If it is to serve an explanatory function, the term intraverbal, as a class of verbal operants, should be restricted to those cases in which a…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Interpersonal Communication, Language Usage, Responses
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Devine, Bailey; Carp, Charlotte L.; Hiett, Kiley A.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Effective intraverbal responding often requires control by multiple elements of a verbal stimulus. The purpose of this study was to examine the emergence of such intraverbal relations following tact instruction with compound stimuli and to analyze any resulting error patterns. Participants were seven typically developing children between 3 and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Stimuli, Teaching Methods, Responses
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