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Showing 1 to 15 of 235 results Save | Export
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Almås, Inger Karin; Smith, Dean P.; Eldevik, Sigmund; Eikeseth, Svein – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2022
We evaluated whether intraverbal and reverse intraverbal behavior emerged following listener training in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Six participants were each taught three sets of three "when?" questions in listener training. A multiple baseline design across behaviors (stimulus sets) was used to assess the effects of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Patterns
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Li, Yan; Xu, Sheng; Lee, Gabrielle T. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2022
Echolalia can negatively impact multiple skill areas in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including skills related to academic and social performance. The purpose of this study was to employ a multiple probe across participants design to evaluate the effects of tact training on delayed echolalia in three children in China…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Training, Repetition, Speech Impairments
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Hanson, Robbie J.; Sordello, Jillian; Engell, Thea Skau; Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2022
The purpose of the current study was to extend the findings on the use of the go/no-go successive matching-to-sample (S-MTS) procedure to establish auditory equivalence classes. Eight college students learned to conditionally relate nonverbal auditory stimuli into three, 3-member classes. Following training, all participants met the emergence…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Auditory Stimuli, College Students, Behavior
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Bergmann, Samantha; Van Den Elzen, Gabriella; Kodak, Tiffany; Niland, Haven; Dawson, Desiree – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2022
Recombinative generalization is the production of responses in the presence of novel combinations of known components. For example, after learning "red triangle" and "blue square," recombinative generalization is observed when a child can tact "red square" and "blue triangle." Recombinative generalization…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Generalization, Matrices
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Gonzalez, J. Stephanie; Slocum, Sarah K. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2022
Correct responding to questions regarding events that have occurred in the past are important for conversations and safety. Limited research has demonstrated techniques for teaching this skill to children who do not successfully tact past events. The current study demonstrates a probe-fading method for teaching children to correctly tact stimuli…
Descriptors: Child Safety, Cues, Questioning Techniques, Teaching Methods
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Blair, Bryan J.; Shawler, Lesley A.; Albright, Leif K.; Ferman, Daniel M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
Applied behavior-analytic skills are derived from precise, technical, objective operational definitions and exemplars of natural phenomena. In some cases, technical behavior-analytic terminology can be challenging for students and practitioners to learn and apply given a person's individual history with the concepts. One of the conceptual areas of…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Vignettes, Skill Development, Applied Behavior Analysis
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Pyles, Megan L.; Chastain, Amanda N.; Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
The current study evaluated a procedure used to teach two children with autism to ask "why" questions maintained by causal information about an event. To increase the value of information as a reinforcer, the experimenter denied access to preferred items and did not provide a reason for the denial. Participants were taught to ask…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Questioning Techniques
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Thakore, Aarti; Stockwell, August; Eshleman, John – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
Teaching tact and intraverbal responses based on function-feature-class to children with language delays can result in the emergence of untrained relational responses. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of compound stimuli in discriminated operants (i.e., different combinations of hear, see, touch, and taste) on the acquisition…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Stimuli, Teaching Methods
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Granerud, Guro; Arntzen, Erik – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
In the present study, two typically developing 4-year-old children, Pete and Joe, were trained six conditional discriminations and tested for the formation of three 3-member equivalence classes. Pete and Joe did not establish the AC relation within 600 trials and were given two conditions of preliminary training, including naming of stimuli with…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Discrimination Learning, Naming, Stimuli
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Silbaugh, Bryant C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
Since Skinner's conceptualization of the mand, applied behavior analysis researchers have used the concept to develop stimulus control transfer procedures effective for addressing manding deficits. More recently, researchers have explored the clinical utility of reinforcing mand variability during mand training and functional communication…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, Applied Behavior Analysis, Definitions
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Patil, Priya; Sidener, Tina M.; Pane, Heather; Reeve, Sharon A.; Nirgudkar, Anjalee – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
For most children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), manding for information is an important skill that must be systematically taught. Although previous studies have evaluated interventions for teaching other mands for information, to date no studies have demonstrated effective procedures for teaching the mand "why?" The purpose of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Teaching Methods
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Harman, Michael J.; Kodak, Tiffany; Bohl, Leah; Mayland, Theresa – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the effects of an auditory-distractor stimulus and vocal-blocking task on performance on a math task and measures of overt verbal operants. College students served as participants, and they were instructed to solve an arithmetic problem while continuously emitting overt verbal behavior. The overt verbal…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Student Behavior, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Activities
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Scott, Alyssa P.; Kodak, Tiffany; Cordeiro, Maria Clara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
The efficacy and efficiency of instruction may be reduced as a result of persistent response patterns to targets. The current project exposed participants to tact training with one set of targets. Thereafter, the efficacy and efficiency of teaching different responses to the previously trained set of targets was compared to tact training with a…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Efficiency, Training, Responses
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Ritchie, Hannah; Reuter-Yuill, Lilith; Perez, Andrea; Baker, Jonathan – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
The purpose of this study was to contribute to the small but growing literature on the rehabilitation of language for older adults, as well as evaluate the clinical utility of a functional approach to language assessment. The study included an assessment-based response profile that informed individualized treatment targets and prompt selection,…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Older Adults, Language Tests, Evaluation Methods
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Chance, Sydni; Cividini-Motta, Catia; Livingston, Cynthia – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2021
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often display impairments in communication, such as limited echoic behavior, few vocal-verbal responses, and a lack of functional communication. One potential way to foster the acquisition of vocal responses in individuals with disabilities is by conditioning vocalizations as reinforcers. Conditioning…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills
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