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Showing 1 to 15 of 219 results Save | Export
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Olaff, Heidi Skorge; Holth, Per – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Bidirectional naming (BiN) is the integration of speaker and listener responses, reinforced by social consequences. Unfortunately, these consequences often do not function as reinforcers for behavior in children with autism. Accordingly, the repertoire of BiN is also often limited in these children. Previous research has suggested that so-called…
Descriptors: Naming, Verbal Communication, Interpersonal Communication, Operant Conditioning
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Barcelos Nomicos, Laura; Jacobs, Kenneth W.; Locey, Matthew L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Human decision making is partly determined by the verbal stimuli involved in a choice. Verbal stimuli that may be particularly relevant to human decision making are the words "should" and "like," whereby "should" is presumably associated with what one ought to choose, and "like" is presumably associated with…
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Verbal Stimuli, Money Management, Delay of Gratification
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Cengher, Mirela; Ramazon, Nicholas H.; Strohmeier, Craig W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Members (behaviors) of a response class are equivalent in that they produce the same functional reinforcer. Oftentimes, some members of a response class occur at higher rates than others. This can be problematic when the members that occur at high rates are socially inappropriate (e.g., self-injury, aggression, or disruption). The participant in…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Adolescents, Females, Autism
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Belisle, Jordan; Paliliunas, Dana; Lauer, Taylor; Giamanco, Annalise; Lee, Breanna; Sickman, Elana – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Theoretical extensions of Skinner's verbal behavior that emphasize derived relational responding (stimulus equivalence, relational frame theory, and bidirectional naming) can improve the complexity and scope of applied behavior-analytic training models with children. We evaluated the prevalence and content of empirical research on derived…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Verbal Communication, Applied Behavior Analysis, Responses
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Glassford, Tyler S.; Wilson, Alyssa N.; Gupta, Vanshika – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
The present study replicated and extended previous research by exploring the extent to which rules altered participants' engagement in risky betting in an electronic blackjack game. A multiple-baseline across-participants design with predetermined phase changes was used to assess 4 recreational gamblers' betting patterns in blackjack across 3…
Descriptors: Standards, Games, Probability, Recreational Activities
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Silbaugh, Bryant C.; Swinnea, Samantha; Falcomata, Terry S. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
More is known about how to reduce challenging behavior with functional communication training (FCT) than how to mitigate its resurgence during or following a course of treatment. Research suggests reinforcing mand variability during FCT may mitigate the resurgence of challenging behavior, but validated procedures for reinforcing mand variability…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Communication Skills, Reinforcement
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Cariveau, Tom; Robbins, Halley; Cividini-Motta, Catia; Delfs, Caitlin – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Recent articles by the editorial board of "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior" (TAVB) include calls for greater integration, collaboration, and inclusion. In so doing, it may be helpful to consider TAVB's current reach. Previously, Petursdottir, Peterson, and Peters ("The Analysis of Verbal Behavior," "25," 109-121,…
Descriptors: Citation Analysis, Periodicals, Citations (References), Behavioral Science Research
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Leaf, Justin B.; Cihon, Joseph H.; Ferguson, Julia L.; Milne, Christine M.; Leaf, Ronald; McEachin, John – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Errorless learning and error correction procedures are commonly used when teaching tact relations to individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of both procedures, as well as compared them. The majority of these studies have been completed through the use of single-subject experimental…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Neaves, Stephanie M.; Thomas, Orlexia N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
We examined emergent tact control following stimulus pairing, using 2 different stimulus presentation arrangements. In the word-first condition, presentation of the auditory stimulus preceded the visual stimulus, and in the image-first condition, the visual stimulus preceded the auditory stimulus. Eight children (2-5 years old) participated. In…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli, Young Children
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Kim, Ji Young; Frank, Madeline R.; Fienup, Daniel M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Fluent listener behavior is a fundamental repertoire that affects the learning and development of speaker repertoires. We used a concurrent multiple-baseline design across 3 preschool-aged participants with disabilities to evaluate the effectiveness of a listener emersion protocol on increasing listener fluency. Prior to intervention, the…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Students with Disabilities, Listening Comprehension, Listening Skills
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Naresh, Aparna; Short, Mary K.; Fienup, Daniel M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
A goal of behavior-analytic interventions is to produce behavior that is maintained under naturalistic conditions. In this experiment, we studied the effects of a speaker immersion protocol (SIP) on the number of speaker responses (tacts and mands) emitted by 3 preschool students under naturalistic, not directly targeted, conditions. During the…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Intervention, Speech Communication, Responses
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LaLonde, Kate B.; Dueñas, Ana D.; Neil, Nicole; Wawrzonek, Addam; Plavnick, Joshua B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
A common practice in tact training is to include a supplemental verbal stimulus (e.g., "What is it?") in addition to the presentation of a nonverbal discriminative stimulus. Previous literature has suggested that this supplemental verbal stimulus can impede acquisition and generalization relative to the presentation of the object alone,…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Training, Play, Verbal Stimuli
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Olin, Jenifer; Sonsky, Alyse; Howard, Monica – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Lag reinforcement schedules have been shown in previous research to be an effective intervention for teaching verbal and nonverbal response variability to individuals with developmental disabilities. In more recent research, variability itself has been considered a reinforceable behavior in its own right (Susa & Schlinger, The Analysis of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication
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de Melo Wider, Larissa Bezerra; da Silva Barros, Romariz; Varella, André A. B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
Children who are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often fail to show equivalence class formation. This may be related to their difficulty in learning the programmed baseline conditional discriminations. The present study investigated equivalence class formation after training visual identity-matching performance with auditory…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception
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Flores, Eileen Pfeiffer; de Oliveira-Castro, Jorge Mendes; de Souza, Carlos Barbosa Alves – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2020
We offer an account of reading comprehension that we believe will help clarify some common conceptual confusions in the relevant literature, as well as contribute to existing functional accounts. We argue that defining texts qua texts as stimulus classes, on the one hand, and equating "comprehension" with behavior (covert or otherwise),…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Student Behavior, Reading Skills, Social Environment
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